Today is Wednesday, Sept. 1, the 244th day of 1999. There are 121
days left in the year.
- On Sept. 1, 1939, World War II began as Nazi Germany invaded Poland.
- In 1807 former Vice President Aaron Burr was found innocent of treason.
- In 1897 the first section of Boston's subway system was opened.
- In 1923 some 150,000 people died in an earthquake that devastated
Tokyo and Yokohama in Japan.
- In 1932 New York City Mayor James J. "Gentleman Jimmy" Walker
resigned amid charges of graft and corruption in his administration.
- In 1942 a federal judge in Sacramento, Calif., upheld the wartime
detention of Japanese-Americans and Japanese nationals.
- In 1951 the U.S., Australia and New Zealand signed a mutual defense
pact, the ANZUS treaty.
- In 1969 a coup in Libya brought Moammar Gadhafi to power.
- In 1972 American Bobby Fischer won the international chess crown in
Reykjavik, Iceland, defeating Boris Spassky of the Soviet Union.
- In 1983 269 people were killed when a Korean Air Lines Boeing 747
was shot down by a Soviet jet fighter after the airliner entered
Soviet airspace.- In 1993 Louis Freeh was sworn in as director of the FBI.
- Ten years ago baseball commissioner A. Bartlett Giamatti died at age
51 at his summer home in Martha's Vineyard, Mass.
- Five years ago Morocco established low-level diplomatic relations
with Israel. Chicago police found the body of 11-year-old Robert
"Yummy" Sandifer, a suspect in a gang-related killing who apparently
became a victim of gang violence.
- One year ago, during a Kremlin summit overshadowed by Russian
economic and political upheaval, President Clinton offered Boris
Yeltsin a prescription for tough reforms. Mark McGwire of the St.
Louis Cardinals hit his 56th and 57th home runs, breaking the
one-season record set by Hack Wilson in 1930.*Happy Birthday*----------------
- Actor Richard Farnsworth is 79.
- Former Defense Secretary Melvin R. Laird is 77.
- Actress Yvonne De Carlo is 77.- Actor Vittorio Gassman is 77.
- Former Texas Gov. Ann Richards is 66.- Conductor Seiji Ozawa is 64.
- Actor Ron O'Neal is 62.- Actor Don Stroud is 62.
- Comedian-actress Lily Tomlin is 60.- Singer Archie Bell is 55.
- Singer Barry Gibb is 53.- Singer Gloria Estefan is 42.
- Former White House Press Secretary Dee Dee Myers is 38.
- Jazz musician Boney James is 38.- Rap DJ Spigg Nice (Lost Boyz) is 29.
- Actor Scott Speedman ("Felicity") is 24.
On Sept. 2, 1945, Japan formally surrendered in ceremonies aboard
the USS Missouri, ending World War II.
- In 1666 the Great Fire of London broke out, claiming thousands of
homes, but only a few lives.
- In 1789 the U.S. Treasury Department was established.
- In 1864 during the Civil War, Union Gen. William T. Sherman's
forces occupied Atlanta.
- In 1901 Vice President Theodore Roosevelt offered the advice, "Speak
softly and carry a big stick," in a speech at the Minnesota State Fair.
- In 1924 the Rudolf Friml operetta "Rose Marie" opened on Broadway.
- In 1935 a hurricane slammed into the Florida Keys, claiming 423 lives.
- In 1945 Ho Chi Minh declared Vietnam an independent republic.
- In 1963 Alabama Gov. George C. Wallace prevented the integration of
Tuskegee High School by encircling the building with state troopers.
- In 1969 North Vietnamese president Ho Chi Minh died.
- In 1985 it was announced that a U.S.-French expedition had located
the wreckage of the Titanic about 560 miles off Newfoundland.
- Ten years ago in Nicaragua a 14-party opposition coalition chose
Violeta Barrios de Chamorro as its presidential candidate. (Chamorro
went on to win the election the following February.)
- Five years ago the government reported the nation's unemployment
rate for August was unchanged from July, at 6.1%.
- One year ago a Swissair MD-11 jetliner crashed off Nova Scotia,
killing all 229 people aboard. Pilots for Air Canada began a
two-week strike, the first in the carrier's history. President
Clinton concluded his Moscow summit with Russian President Boris Yeltsin.
*Happy Birthday*----------------- Jazz musician Horace Silver is 71.
- Former Senator Alan K. Simpson (R-Wyo.) is 68.
- Former Baseball Commissioner Peter Ueberroth is 62.
- Rhythm-and-blues singer Sam Gooden (The Impressions) is 60.
- Singer Jimmy Clanton is 59.
- Singer Rosalind Ashford (Martha & the Vandellas) is 56.
- Singer Joe Simon is 56.- Football Hall of Famer Terry Bradshaw is 51.
- Actor Mark Harmon is 48.- Tennis player Jimmy Connors is 47.
- Actress Linda Purl is 44.
- Rock musician Jerry Augustyniak (10,000 Maniacs) is 41.
- Country musician Paul Deakin (The Mavericks) is 40.- Actor Keanu Reeves is 35.
- Actress Salma Hayek is 31.- Rhythm-and-blues singer K-Ci (Jodeci) is 30.
- Singer Tony Thompson is 24.
On Sept. 3, 1939, Britain and France declared war on Germany, two
days after the Nazi invasion of Poland.
- In 1189 England's King Richard I (the Lion-Hearted) was crowned in
Westminster.- In 1658 Oliver Cromwell, the Lord Protector of England, died.
- In 1783 the Treaty of Paris between the U.S. and Great Britain
officially ended the Revolutionary War.
- In 1943 the British Eighth Army invaded Italy during World War II,
the same day Italy signed a secret armistice with the allies.
- In 1951 the TV soap opera "Search for Tomorrow" debuted on CBS.
- In 1967 Nguyen Van Thieu was elected president of South Vietnam
under a new constitution.
- In 1970 football coach Vince Lombardi died in Washington, D.C.
- In 1976 the unmanned U.S. spacecraft Viking 2 landed on Mars to take
the first close-up, color photographs of the planet's surface.
- In 1978 Pope John Paul II was installed as the 264th pontiff of the
Roman Catholic Church.
- Ten years ago the U.S. began shipping a $65 million package of
military aircraft and weapons to help Colombia's war against drug
lords. A Cubana de Aviacion jetliner crashed after takeoff in
Havana, killing all 126 aboard and 26 people on the ground.
- Five years ago China and Russia proclaimed an end to any lingering
hostilities, pledging they would no longer target nuclear missiles
or use force against each other.
- One year ago President Clinton visited Omagh, Northern Ireland,
walking down the street where a car bomb had killed 29, and offered
his condolences to the families of the victims.*Happy Birthday*
----------------- Actress Helen Wagner ("As the World Turns") is 81.
- "Beetle Bailey" cartoonist Mort Walker is 76.
- Country singer Hank Thompson is 74.- Actress Anne Jackson is 73.
- Time magazine contributing editor Hugh Sidey is 72.
- Country singer Tompall Glaser is 66.- Actress Eileen Brennan is 64.
- Actress Pauline Collins is 59.
- Rock singer-musician Al Jardine (The Beach Boys) is 57.
- Actress Valerie Perrine is 56.
- Rock musician Donald Brewer (Grand Funk Railroad) is 51.
- Rock guitarist Steve Jones (The Sex Pistols) is 44.
- Rock singer-musician Todd Lewis (The Toadies) is 34.
- Actor Costas Mandylor is 34.- Actor Charlie Sheen is 34.
- Singer Jennifer Paige is 26.
On Sept. 4, 1781, Los Angeles was founded by Spanish settlers.
- In 1888 George Eastman received a patent for his roll-film camera
and registered his trademark, Kodak.
- In 1894 some 12,000 tailors in New York City went on strike in
protest of sweatshops.
- In 1917 the American expeditionary force in France suffered its
first fatalities in World War I.
- In 1948 Queen Wilhelmina of the Netherlands abdicated, citing health reasons.
- In 1951, in the first live, coast-to-coast TV broadcast, President
Truman addressed the nation from the Japanese peace treaty
conference in San Francisco.
- In 1957 Arkansas Gov. Orval Faubus called out the National Guard to
prevent nine black students from entering Central High School in
Little Rock. Ford Motor Co. began selling its ill-fated Edsel automobile.
- In 1969 the Food and Drug Administration issued a report calling
birth control pills safe, despite a slight risk of fatal
blood-clotting disorders linked to the pills.
- In 1971 an Alaska Airlines jet crashed near Juneau, killing 111 people.
- In 1972 U.S. swimmer Mark Spitz won a record seventh Olympic gold
medal, in the 400-meter relay at the Munich Summer Olympics.
- Ten years ago the Air Force launched its last Titan 3 rocket, which
reportedly carried a reconnaissance satellite. Since 1964, the Titan
3 had sent more than 200 satellites into space.
- Five years ago on the eve of a U.N.-sponsored conference on
population in Cairo, Egypt, Vice President Al Gore told NBC the U.S.
was seeking a blueprint for world population growth that rejected
abortion as a family planning tool and an international right.
- One year ago during a visit to Ireland, President Clinton said the
words "I'm sorry" for the first time about his affair with Monica
Lewinsky, describing his behavior as indefensible.*Happy Birthday*
----------------- ABC Radio commentator Paul Harvey is 81.
- Actor-comedian Howard Morris is 80.- Cooking expert Craig Claiborne is 79.
- Actress Mitzi Gaynor is 68.
- Singer Merald "Bubba" Knight (Gladys Knight & The Pips) is 57.
- Actress Jennifer Salt is 55.- Golfer Tom Watson is 50.
- Rhythm-and-blues musician Ronald LaPread (The Commodores) is 49.
- Actress Judith Ivey is 48.
- Rock musician Martin Chambers (The Pretenders) is 47.
- Actor-comedian Damon Wayans is 39.
- Rock musician Kim Thayil (formerly of Soundgarden) is 39.
- Actress Ione Skye is 28.
- Hip-hop singer JeLana LaFleur (Quad City DJ's) is 26.
On Sept. 5, 1939, the U.S. proclaimed neutrality in World War II.
- In 1774 the first Continental Congress assembled in Philadelphia.
- In 1836 Sam Houston was elected president of the Republic of Texas.
- In 1882 the nation's first Labor Day parade stepped off in New York.
- In 1905 the Treaty of Portsmouth was signed in New Hampshire, ending
the Russo-Japanese War.
- In 1914 the First Battle of the Marne began during World War I.
- In 1945 Iva Toguri D'Aquino, a Japanese-American suspected of being
wartime radio propagandist "Tokyo Rose," was arrested in Yokohama.
(D'Aquino served six years in prison; she was pardoned in 1977 by
- In 1972 Arab guerrillas attacked the Israeli delegation at the
Munich Olympic games; 11 Israelis, five guerrillas and a police
officer were killed in the siege.
- In 1975 President Ford escaped an assassination attempt by Lynette
"Squeaky" Fromme, a disciple of Charles Manson, in Sacramento, Calif.
- In 1997 Mother Teresa died in Calcutta, India, at age 87. Conductor
Sir Georg Solti died in France at age 84.
- Ten years ago in his first nationally broadcast address from the
White House, President Bush outlined a plan to fight illicit drugs,
which he called the "quicksand of our entire society."
- Five years ago a U.N.-sponsored population conference opened in
Egypt, where Norwegian Prime Minister Gro Harlem Brundtland lashed
out at the Vatican and at Muslim fundamentalists by defending
abortion rights and sex education.
- One year ago President Clinton appealed to the people of Ireland
never to allow "the enemies of peace to break your will" as he
wrapped up a three-day visit.*Happy Birthday*----------------
- The president of the Motion Picture Association of America, Jack
Valenti, is 78.- Former Federal Reserve Board chairman Paul A. Volcker is 72.
- Comedian-actor Bob Newhart is 70.- Actor William Devane is 60.
- Singer John Stewart is 60.- Actress Raquel Welch is 59.
- Singer Al Stewart is 54.- Actor-director Dennis Dugan is 53.
- Singer Loudon Wainwright III is 53.- Drummer Buddy Miles is 53.
- "Cathy" cartoonist Cathy Guisewite is 49.
- Country musician Jamie Oldaker (The Tractors) is 48.
- Rhythm-and-blues singer Terry Ellis (En Vogue) is 33.
- Rock musician Brad Wilk (Rage Against The Machine) is 31.
- TV personality Dweezil Zappa is 30.- Actress Rose McGowan ("Scream") is 25.
- Actor Andrew Ducote is 13.
On Sept. 6, 1901, President McKinley was shot and mortally wounded
by anarchist Leon Czolgosz at the Pan-American Exposition in Buffalo, N.Y.
- In 1837 what is now Oberlin (Ohio) College became co-ed.
- In 1909 American explorer Robert Peary sent word he had reached the
North Pole five months earlier.- In 1939 South Africa declared war on Germany.
- In 1941 Jews aged 7 and up in German-occupied areas were ordered to
wear yellow Stars of David.
- In 1944 during World War II, the British government relaxed blackout
restrictions and suspended compulsory training for the Home Guard.
- In 1948 the Netherlands celebrated the coronation of Queen Juliana.
- In 1952 Canadian television broadcasting began in Montreal.
- In 1966 South African Prime Minister Hendrik Verwoerd was
assassinated by a deranged page in parliament in Cape Town.
- In 1970 Palestinian guerrillas seized control of three jetliners
which were later blown up in Jordan after passengers and crews were
evacuated.- In 1997 Britain bade farewell to Princess Diana with a funeral
service at Westminster Abbey.
- Ten years ago the National Party, the governing party of South
Africa, lost nearly a quarter of its parliament seats to far-right
and anti-apartheid rivals, its worst setback in four decades.
- Five years ago Irish Prime Minister Albert Reynolds and Gerry Adams,
head of the IRA's political ally, Sinn Fein, made a joint commitment
to peace after their first face-to-face meeting.
- One year ago Japanese movie director Akira Kurosawa died in Tokyo at age 88.
*Happy Birthday*----------------- Comedian JoAnne Worley is 62.
- Country singer David Allen Coe is 60.- Country singer Mel McDaniel is 57.
- Actress Swoosie Kurtz is 55.- Comedian-actress Jane Curtin is 52.
- Rhythm-and-blues musician Claydes Smith (Kool & The Gang) is 51.
- Country musician Joe Smyth (Sawyer Brown) is 42.
- Actor-comedian Jeff Foxworthy is 41.- Actor-comedian Michael Winslow is 39.
- Rock musician Perry Bamonte (The Cure) is 39.
- Pop musician Pal Waaktaar (a-ha) is 38.- Country singer Mark Chesnutt is 36.
- Actress Rosie Perez is 35.- Singer CeCe Peniston is 30.
- Rhythm-and-blues singer Darryl Anthony (Az Yet) is 30.
- Rock singer Dolores O'Riordan (The Cranberries) is 28.
- Actor Justin Whalen is 25.- Rock singer Nina Persson (The Cardigans) is 25.
- Rapper Foxy Brown is 20.
On Sept. 7, 1936, rock legend Buddy Holly was born Charles Hardin
Holley in Lubbock, Texas.
- In 1825 the Marquis de Lafayette, the French hero of the American
Revolution, bade farewell to President John Quincy Adams at the White House.
- In 1892 the first major title fight under the Marquis of Queensberry
rules was won by heavyweight James J. Corbett, who knocked out John
L. Sullivan in New Orleans.
- In 1901 the Peace of Beijing ended the Boxer Rebellion in China.
- In 1940 Nazi Germany began its blitz on London during World War II.
- In 1963 the NFL Hall of Fame was dedicated in Canton, Ohio.
- In 1969 Senate Republican leader Everett M. Dirksen died in Washington, D.C.
- In 1977 the Panama Canal treaties, calling for the U.S. to
relinquish control of the waterway to Panama by the end of 1999,
were signed in Washington. Convicted Watergate conspirator G. Gordon
Liddy was released from prison after more than four years.
- In 1979 the Entertainment and Sports Programming Network (ESPN) made
its cable TV debut.
- In 1986 Desmond Tutu was installed as the first black to lead the
Anglican Church in southern Africa.
- Ten years ago by a vote of 76-8, the Senate approved the Americans
with Disabilities Act, forbidding discrimination in employment,
public accommodations, transportation and communications.
- Five years ago, after a brief meeting, the U.S. and Cuba temporarily
suspended talks on stemming the Cuban refugee exodus. U.S. Marines
began training on a Puerto Rican island amid talk in Washington of a
U.S.-led intervention in Haiti.
- One year ago St. Louis Cardinal Mark McGwire equaled Roger Maris'
single-season home run record as he hit No. 61 in a game against the
Chicago Cubs. Russian lawmakers rejected Boris Yeltsin's candidate
for prime minister, Viktor Chernomyrdin, for a second time, throwing
the country deeper into political turmoil.*Happy Birthday*----------------
- Heart surgeon Dr. Michael DeBakey is 91.- Producer-director Elia Kazan is 90.
- Pianist Arthur Ferrante is 78.- Sen. Daniel Inouye, D-Hawaii, is 75.
- Jazz musician Sonny Rollins is 69.- Blues singer Little Milton is 65.
- Actor John Philip Law is 62.- Singer Alfa Anderson (Chic) is 53.
- Singer Gloria Gaynor is 50.
- Rock singer Chrissie Hynde (The Pretenders) is 48.
- Actress Julie Kavner is 48.- Actor Corbin Bernsen is 45.
- Rock musician Benmont Tench (Tom Petty & the Heartbreakers) is 45.
- Pianist Michael Feinstein is 43.
- Singer Margot Chapman (formerly Starland Vocal Band) is 42.
- Rock musician Chad Sexton (311) is 29.
On Sept. 8, 1974, President Ford granted an unconditional pardon to
former President Nixon.
- In 1900 Galveston, Texas, was struck by a hurricane that killed about 6,000.
- In 1921 Margaret Gorman of Washington, D.C. was crowned the first
Miss America, in Atlantic City, N.J.
- In 1930 the comic strip "Blondie" first appeared.
- In 1935 Sen. Huey P. Long, "The Kingfish" of Louisiana politics, was
shot and mortally wounded; he died two days later.
- In 1939 President Franklin D. Roosevelt declared a "limited national
emergency" in response to the outbreak of war in Europe.
- In 1945 Bess Myerson of New York was crowned Miss America, the first
Jewish contestant to win the title.
- In 1951 a peace treaty with Japan was signed by 48 other nations in
- In 1952 the Ernest Hemingway novel "The Old Man and the Sea" was published.
- In 1975 Boston's public schools began mandatory busing to integrate
schools; there were scattered incidents of violence.
- In 1985 Pete Rose of the Cincinnati Reds tied Ty Cobb's career
record for hits with a single for No. 4,191 during a game against
the Cubs in Chicago.
- Ten years ago: Former President Reagan underwent surgery at the Mayo
Clinic in Minnesota to relieve fluid build-up on his brain after a
- Five years ago a USAir Boeing 737 crashed near Pittsburgh
International Airport, killing all 132 people on board.
- One year ago Mark McGwire of the St. Louis Cardinals broke Roger
Maris' 37-year-old record for home runs in a single season, hitting
No. 62 off Chicago Cubs pitcher Steve Trachsel.*Happy Birthday*
----------------- Comedian Sid Caesar is 77.
- Country singer-songwriter Harlan Howard is 72.- Actor Alan Feinstein is 58.
- Author Ann Beattie is 52.
- Musician Will Lee ("Late Show With David Letterman") is 47.
- Actress Heather Thomas is 42.
- Pop musician David Steele (Fine Young Cannibals) is 39.
- Rhythm-and-blues singer Marc Gordon (Levert) is 35.- Actor Henry Thomas is 28.
- Actor David Arquette is 28.- Actor Larenz Tate is 24.
- Actor Jonathan Taylor Thomas ("Home Improvement") is 18.
On Sept. 9, 1776, the Second Continental Congress made the term
"United States" official, replacing "United Colonies."
- In 1850 California became the 31st state of the union.
- In 1919 most of Boston's 1,500-member police force went on strike.
- In 1926 the National Broadcasting Company (NBC) was created by the
Radio Corporation of America.
- In 1943 Allied forces landed at Salerno and Taranto in World War II.
- In 1948 the People's Democratic Republic of Korea (North Korea) was created.
- In 1956 Elvis Presley made the first of three appearances on "The Ed
- In 1957 President Eisenhower signed the first civil rights bill to
pass Congress since Reconstruction.
- In 1971 prisoners seized control of the maximum-security Attica
Correctional Facility near Buffalo, N.Y., beginning a siege that
would kill 43 people.
- In 1976 Communist Chinese leader Mao Tse-tung died in Beijing at age 82.
- In 1993 PLO leaders and Israel agreed to formal recognition,
clearing the way for a peace accord.
- Ten years ago West German Steffi Graf won the women's tennis title
at the U.S. Open in New York, defeating second-ranked Martina Navratilova.
- Five years ago the U.S. agreed to accept at least 20,000 Cuban
immigrants a year in return for Cuba's promise to halt the flight of
refugees. Prosecutors in Los Angeles said they would not seek the
death penalty for O.J. Simpson. The space shuttle Discovery blasted
off on an 11-day mission.
- One year ago Independent Counsel Kenneth Starr delivered to Congress
36 boxes of material concerning his investigation of President
Clinton. Four tourists who had paid $32,500 each were taken in a
tiny submarine to view the wreckage of the Titanic, two miles below
the Atlantic off Newfoundland.*Happy Birthday*----------------
- Actress Jane Greer is 75.- Actor Cliff Robertson is 74.
- Jazz musician Elvin Jones is 72.- Actress Sylvia Miles is 67.
- Rhythm-and-blues singer Luther Simmons (The Main Ingredient) is 57.
- Singer Inez Foxx is 57.- Singer Dee Dee Sharp is 54.
- Singer-musician Billy Preston is 53.
- Rock singer-musician Doug Ingle (Iron Butterfly) is 53.
- Country singer Freddy Weller is 52.- Football commentator Joe Theismann is 50.
- Actor-comedian Michael Keaton is 48.- Actor Tom Wopat is 48.
- Actress Angela Cartwright is 47.
- Musician-producer Dave Stewart (Eurythmics) is 47.- Actor Hugh Grant is 39.
- Actor Adam Sandler is 33.- Actor David Bennent is 33.
- Rock singer Paul Durham (Black Lab) is 31.- Rapper Dray (Das EFX) is 29.
- Actress Michelle Williams ("Dawson's Creek") is 19.
On Sept. 10, 1939, Canada declared war on Nazi Germany.
- In 1608 John Smith was elected president of the Jamestown colony
council in Virginia.
- In 1813 an American naval force commanded by Oliver H. Perry
defeated the British in the Battle of Lake Erie in the War of 1812.
- In 1846 Elias Howe received a patent for his sewing machine.
- In 1919 New York City welcomed home Army Gen. John J. Pershing and
25,000 soldiers who'd served in the U.S. First Division during World War I.
- In 1945 Vidkun Quisling was sentenced to death in Norway for
collaborating with the Nazis.
- In 1948 American-born Mildred Gillars, accused of being Nazi wartime
radio broadcaster "Axis Sally," was indicted in Washington, D.C. for
treason. (She was later convicted and served 12 years in prison.)
- In 1955 "Gunsmoke" premiered on CBS television.
- In 1963 20 black students entered Alabama public schools after a
standoff between federal authorities and Gov. George C. Wallace, who
- In 1979 four Puerto Rican nationalists imprisoned for a 1954 attack
on the House of Representatives and a 1950 attempt on the life of
President Truman were granted clemency by President Carter.
- In 1983 John Vorster, prime minister of white-ruled South Africa
from 1966 to 1978, died in Cape Town at age 67.
- Ten years ago Hungary gave permission for thousands of East German
refugees and visitors to emigrate to West Germany.
- Five years ago President Clinton, Vice President Al Gore and top
national security advisers met to discuss intervention in Haiti, but
made no final decisions.
- One year ago President Clinton met with members of his Cabinet to
apologize, ask forgiveness and promise to improve as a person in the
wake of the Monica Lewinsky scandal. Northwest Airlines announced an
agreement with pilots, ending a nearly two-week walkout.*Happy Birthday*
----------------- Actress Fay Wray is 92.- Movie director Robert Wise is 85.
- Golfer Arnold Palmer is 70.- Country singer Tommy Overstreet is 62.
- Actor Greg Mullavey is 60.- Jazz vibraphonist Roy Ayers is 59.
- Singer Danny Hutton (Three Dog Night) is 57.- Singer Jose Feliciano is 54.
- Actor Tom Ligon ("Another World") is 54.- Actress Judy Geeson is 51.
- Rock musician Joe Perry (Aerosmith) is 49.- Actress Amy Irving is 46.
- Actress Kate Burton is 42.- Director Chris Columbus is 41.
- Actor Colin Firth is 39.- Rock singer-musician David Lowery (Cracker) is 39.
- Rock musician Robin Goodridge (Bush) is 33.
- Rock singer-musician Miles Zuniga (Fastball) is 33.
- Rapper Big Daddy Kane is 31.
- Actor Ryan Phillippe ("I Know What You Did Last Summer") is 25.
On Sept. 11, 1936, President Roosevelt dedicated Boulder Dam (now
Hoover Dam) by pressing a key in Washington to signal the startup of
the dam's first hydroelectric generator in Nevada.
- In 1789 Alexander Hamilton was appointed the first U.S. Secretary of
- In 1814 an American fleet scored a decisive victory over the British
in the Battle of Lake Champlain in the War of 1812.
- In 1885 author D.H. Lawrence was born in Eastwood, England.
- In 1944 President Roosevelt and British Prime Minister Winston
Churchill met in Canada at the second Quebec Conference.
- In 1954 the Miss America pageant made its network TV debut on ABC;
Lee Ann Meriwether, Miss California, was the winner.
- In 1962 the Beatles made their first record for EMI, "Love Me Do"
and "P.S. I Love You," at EMI Studios in London.
- In 1967 "The Carol Burnett Show" premiered on CBS.
- In 1971 former Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev died at age 77.
- In 1973 Chilean President Salvador Allende died in a violent military coup.
- In 1997 Scots voted to create their own Parliament after 290 years
of union with England.
- Ten years ago the exodus of East German refugees from Hungary to
West Germany began by way of Austria.
- Five years ago actress Jessica Tandy died in Easton, Conn., at age 85.
- One year ago Congress released Kenneth Starr's report that offered
graphic details of President Clinton's alleged sexual misconduct and
leveled accusations of perjury and obstruction of justice; the
president's attorneys quickly issued a rebuttal. Russia's fractious
parliament came together and confirmed compromise candidate Yevgeny
Primakov as prime minister.*Happy Birthday*----------------
- Country singer and former Gov. Jimmie Davis of Louisiana is 100.
- Actress Betsy Drake is 76.- Football Hall of Fame coach Tom Landry is 75.
- Actor Lee Richardson is 73.- Actor Earl Holliman is 71.
- Movie director Brian De Palma is 59.
- Rock musician Mickey Hart (The Grateful Dead) is 56.
- Singer-musician Leo Kottke is 54.- Actor Reed Birney is 45.
- Musician Jon Moss (Culture Club) is 42.
- Rock musician Mick Talbot (The Style Council) is 41.
- Actress Kristy McNichol is 37.- Actress Virginia Madsen is 36.
- Actress Roxann Dawson ("Star Trek: Voyager") is 35.
- Musician-composer Moby is 34.- Singer Harry Connick Jr. is 32.
- Rock musician Bart Van Der Zeeluw (K's Choice) is 31.
- Actress Laura Wright ("Guiding Light") is 29.- Rapper Mr. Black is 22.
On Sept. 12, 1609, English explorer Henry Hudson sailed onto the
river that now bears his name.
- In 1880 author and journalist H.L. Mencken was born in Baltimore.
- In 1918 during World War I in France, U.S. forces led by Army Gen.
John J. Pershing launched an attack on the German-occupied St.
Mihiel north of Verdun.
- In 1938 Adolf Hitler demanded self-determination for the Sudeten
Germans in Czechoslovakia.
- In 1944 U.S. Army troops entered Germany for the first time in World
War II, near Trier.
- In 1974 the start of court-ordered busing to achieve racial
integration in Boston's public schools was marred by violence in
South Boston. Emperor Haile Selassie, ruler for 58 years, was
deposed by Ethiopia's military.
- In 1977 South African black student leader Steven Biko died in
police custody, triggering an international outcry.
- In 1986 Joseph Cicippio, acting comptroller at the American
University in Beirut, was kidnapped; he was released in December 1991.
- Ten years ago David Dinkins, Manhattan borough president, won New
York City's Democratic mayoral primary, defeating incumbent Mayor Ed
Koch and two other candidates on his way to becoming the city's
first black mayor.
- Five years ago a stolen, single-engine Cessna crashed into the South
Lawn of the White House, coming to rest against the executive
mansion; the pilot, Frank Corder, was killed.
- One year ago Sammy Sosa of the Chicago Cubs became the fourth major
league baseball player to hit 60 home runs in a single season.
Lindsay Davenport won the U.S. Open, defeating defending champion
Martina Hingis, 6-3, 7-5.*Happy Birthday*----------------
- Actress Irene Dailey is 79.- Actor Dickie Moore is 74.
- Actor Freddie Jones is 72.- Country singer George Jones is 68.
- Actor Ian Holm is 68.- Actress Linda Gray is 59.- Singer Maria Muldaur is 56.
- Singer Barry White is 55.- Actor Joe Pantoliano is 48.
- Singer-musician Gerry Beckley (America) is 47.
- Rock musician Neil Peart (Rush) is 47.- Actor Peter Scolari is 45.
- Actress Rachel Ward is 42.- Rock musician Norwood Fisher (Fishbone) is 34.
- Actor Darren E. Burrows is 33.
- Rock singer-musician Ben Folds (Ben Folds Five) is 33.
- Rock musician Larry LaLonde (Primus) is 31.
- Rock singer Liam Gallagher (Oasis) is 27.
On Sept. 14, 1814, Francis Scott Key wrote "The Star-Spangled
Banner" after witnessing the British bombardment of Fort McHenry in Maryland.
- In 1847 U.S. forces under Gen. Winfield Scott took control of Mexico City.
- In 1901 President McKinley died in Buffalo, N.Y., of gunshot wounds
inflicted by an assassin. Vice President Theodore Roosevelt succeeded him.
- In 1927 modern dance pioneer Isadora Duncan died in Nice, France,
when a scarf became entangled in a wheel of her sports car.
- In 1940 Congress passed the Selective Service Act, providing for the
nations' first peacetime draft.
- In 1948 a groundbreaking ceremony took place in New York at the site
of the United Nations' world headquarters.
- In 1959 the Soviet space probe Luna 2 became the first manmade
object to reach the moon.
- In 1975 Pope Paul VI declared Mother Elizabeth Ann Bayley Seton the
first U.S.-born saint.
- In 1982 Princess Grace of Monaco, formerly actress Grace Kelly, died
at age 52 of injuries from a car crash a day earlier.
- In 1982 Lebanon's president-elect, Bashir Gemayel, was killed by a bomb.
- Ten years ago Joseph T. Wesbecker, a 47-year-old pressman on
disability for mental illness, killed himself after he shot eight
people dead and wounded 12 at a printing plant in Louisville, Ky.
- Five years ago on the 34th day of a strike by players, Bud Selig,
acting commissioner, announced the 1994 baseball season was over.
- One year ago 10 people were charged in what prosecutors said was the
largest Cuban spy ring uncovered in the U.S. since Fidel Castro came
to power. (Five men later pleaded guilty to lesser charges; the
trial of the other five has been postponed until May 2000.)*Happy Birthday*
----------------- "Lone Ranger" Clayton Moore is 85.
- Actress Zoe Caldwell is 66.- Feminist author Kate Millett is 65.
- Actor Walter Koenig is 63.- Actor Nicol Williamson is 61.
- Singer-actress Joey Heatherton is 55.- Actor Sam Neill is 52.
- Singer Jon "Bowzer" Bauman (Sha Na Na) is 52.- Singer Barry Cowsill is 45.
- Rock musician Steve Berlin (Los Lobos) is 44.- Actor Joe Penny is 43.
- Actress Mary Crosby is 40.- Singer Morten Harket (a-ha) is 40.
- Country singer John Berry is 40.- Actress Faith Ford is 35.
- Actor Dan Cortese is 31.- Rock musician Craig Montoya (Everclear) is 29.
- Actress Kimberly Williams is 28.- Rapper Nas is 26.
On Sept. 15, 1949, "The Lone Ranger" premiered on ABC TV with
Clayton Moore as the masked hero and Jay Silverheels as Tonto.
- In 1776 British forces occupied New York City during the American Revolution.
- In 1789 the U.S. Department of Foreign Affairs was renamed the
Department of State.
- In 1821 independence was proclaimed for Costa Rica, Guatemala,
Honduras, Nicaragua and El Salvador.
- In 1857 William Howard Taft, who served as president of the U.S. and
as chief justice, was born in Cincinnati.
- In 1917 Russia was proclaimed a republic by Alexander Kerensky, the
head of a provisional government.
- In 1935 the Nuremberg Laws deprived German Jews of their citizenship
and made the swastika the official symbol of Nazi Germany.
- In 1940 during the Battle of Britain in World War II, the tide
turned as the Luftwaffe sustained heavy losses inflicted by the
Royal Air Force.
- In 1950 during the Korean conflict, U.N. forces landed at Inchon in
the south and began their drive toward Seoul.
- In 1959 Soviet Premier Nikita Khrushchev arrived in the U.S. for a
- In 1963 four children were killed when a bomb went off during Sunday
services at a black Baptist church in Birmingham, Ala.
- Ten years ago Pulitzer Prize-winning author Robert Penn Warren, the
first poet laureate of the U.S., died in Stratton, Vt., at age 84.
- Five years ago in a terse ultimatum from the Oval Office, President
Clinton told Haiti's military leaders in a prime-time address: "Your
time is up. Leave now or we will force you from power."
- One year ago nine states and the District of Columbia held
primaries. In New York, Rep. Charles Schumer, a liberal, won the
Democratic nod to challenge Republican Sen. Alfonse D'Amato.
(Schumer won.) In Washington state, Republican Rep. Linda Smith won
the right to challenge Sen. Patty Murray, a Democrat. (Murray was
re-elected). Mark McGwire of the St. Louis Cardinals hit his 63rd
home run of the season.*Happy Birthday*----------------
- Bluesman Snooky Pryor is 78.- Comedian Norm Crosby is 72.
- Actor Henry Darrow is 66.- Baseball Hall-of-Famer Gaylord Perry is 61.
- Football Hall-of-Famer Merlin Olsen is 59.- Opera singer Jessye Norman is 54.
- Rock musician Lee Dorman (Iron Butterfly) is 54.- Actor Tommy Lee Jones is 53.
- Movie director Oliver Stone is 53.
- Rock musician Mitch Dorge (Crash Test Dummies) is 39.
- Football quarterback Dan Marino is 38.- Actor Danny Nucci is 31.
- Rap DJ Kay Gee (Naughty By Nature) is 30.- Actor Josh Charles is 28.
- Britain's Prince Henry of Wales is 15.
On Sept. 16, 1919, the American Legion was incorporated by an act of Congress.
- In 1638 France's King Louis XIV was born.
- In 1810 Mexico began its revolt against Spanish rule.
- In 1893 hundreds of thousands of settlers swarmed onto a section of
land in Oklahoma known as the "Cherokee Strip."
- In 1940 President Roosevelt signed into law the Selective Training
and Service Act, which set up the first peacetime military draft in
U.S. history. Rep. Samuel T. Rayburn of Texas was elected Speaker of
the House.- In 1966 the Metropolitan Opera opened its new opera house at New
York's Lincoln Center for the Performing Arts.
- In 1974 President Ford announced a conditional amnesty program for
Vietnam war deserters and draft-evaders.
- In 1977 opera star Maria Callas died in Paris at age 53.
- In 1982 the massacre of hundreds of Palestinian men, women and
children by Lebanese Christian militiamen began in west Beirut's
Sabra and Chatilla refugee camps.
- In 1988 Hurricane Gilbert slammed into the Mexican coast for the
second time in three days.
- Ten years ago Debbye Turner of Missouri was crowned Miss America at
the pageant in Atlantic City, N.J.
- Five years ago a federal jury ordered Exxon Corp. to pay $5 billion
in punitive damages to commercial fishermen and others harmed in the
1989 Exxon Valdez spill in Alaska. Two astronauts from the space
shuttle Discovery went on the first untethered spacewalk in 10 years.
- One year ago in his first news conference since the release of
Kenneth Starr's graphic report, President Clinton said he had told
"the essential truth" about his affair with Monica Lewinsky; as for
whether he might resign, Clinton responded that Americans "want me
to go on." House Judiciary Committee Chairman Henry Hyde, responding
to a report in an Internet publication, Salon Magazine, admitted to
"indiscretions" with a woman in the 1960s at a time when both were married.
*Happy Birthday*----------------- Actress Janis Paige is 77.
- Actress Lauren Bacall is 75.- Jazz musician Charlie Byrd is 74.
- Blues singer B.B. King is 74.- The Rev. Robert Schuller is 73.
- Actor Peter Falk is 72.- Actress Linda Miller is 57.
- Rhythm-and-blues singer Betty Kelly (Martha & the Vandellas) is 55.
- Musician Kenney Jones (Small Faces; Faces; The Who) is 51.
- Actor Ed Begley Junior is 50.
- Country singer David Bellamy (The Bellamy Brothers) is 49.
- Actor Mickey Rourke is 43.- Magician David Copperfield is 43.
- Country singer-songwriter Terry McBride is 41.- Actress Jayne Brook is 37.
- Singer Richard Marx is 36.- Comedian Molly Shannon is 35.
- Actress Madeline Zima ("The Nanny") is 14.
On Sept. 17, 1939, the Soviet Union invaded Poland, more than two
weeks after Nazi Germany launched its assault.
- In 1787 the U.S. Constitution was completed and signed by a majority
of delegates attending the constitutional convention in Philadelphia.
- In 1862 Union forces hurled back a Confederate invasion of Maryland
in the Civil War Battle of Antietam.
- In 1939 the Harry James Orchestra and Frank Sinatra recorded "All or
Nothing at All" for Columbia Records.
- In 1947 James V. Forrestal was sworn in as the first defense
secretary as a new National Military Establishment unified U.S. armed forces.
- In 1948 the U.N. mediator for Palestine, Count Folke Bernadotte, was
assassinated in Jerusalem by Jewish extremists.
- In 1949 more than 130 people died when fire gutted the Canadian
passenger steamer Noronic at a pier in Toronto.
- In 1964 the situation comedy "Bewitched" premiered on ABC-TV.
- In 1978 after meeting at Camp David, Israeli Prime Minister Menachem
Begin and Egyptian President Anwar Sadat signed a framework for a
peace treaty.- In 1980 former Nicaraguan president Anastasio Somoza was
assassinated in Paraguay.
- In 1984 Progressive Conservative leader Brian Mulroney took office
as Canada's 18th prime minister.
- Ten years ago Hurricane Hugo slammed into several Caribbean islands,
including St. Croix, which was the hardest hit.
- Five years ago as some 20 warships sat off the coast of Haiti,
former President Jimmy Carter, Sen. Sam Nunn (D-Ga.) and retired
Gen. Colin Powell arrived in the Caribbean nation in an 11th-hour
bid to avert a U.S.-led invasion. Heather Whitestone of Alabama was
crowned Miss America, the first deaf contestant to win the title.
- One year ago in Mexico, gunmen apparently sent by a drug lord yanked
three families from their beds before dawn and opened fire, killing
19 men, women and children near a popular Baja California resort.
*Happy Birthday*----------------- Actor David Huddleston is 69.
- Actress Anne Bancroft is 68.- Actress Dorothy Loudon is 66.
- Sen. Charles E. Grassley (R-Iowa) is 66.- Author Ken Kesey is 64.
- Actor Paul Benedict is 61.- Supreme Court Justice David H. Souter is 60.
- Singer LaMonte McLemore (The Fifth Dimension) is 60.
- Cartoonist Jeff MacNelly is 52.- Actor John Ritter is 51.
- Singer Fee Waybill is 49.
- Actress Cassandra Peterson ("Elvira, Mistress of the Dark") is 48.
- Comedian Rita Rudner is 43.- Actor Kyle Chandler is 34.
- Rapper Doug E. Fresh is 33.- Actor Malik Yoba is 32.
- Rock musician Keith Flint (Prodigy) is 30.- Actor Matthew Settle is 30.
- Rapper Vinnie (Naughty By Nature) is 29.
- Rhythm-and-blues singer Marcus Sanders (Hi-Five) is 26.
On Sept. 19, 1777, during the Revolutionary War, American soldiers
won the first Battle of Saratoga.
- In 1796, President Washington's farewell address was published.
- In 1881, the 20th president of the United States, James A. Garfield,
died of wounds inflicted by an assassin.
- In 1934, Bruno Hauptmann was arrested in New York and charged with
the kidnap-murder of the Lindbergh infant.
- In 1955, President Juan Peron of Argentina was ousted after a revolt
by the army and navy.
- In 1957, the United States conducted its first underground nuclear
test, in the Nevada desert.
- In 1959, Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev reacted angrily during a
visit to Los Angeles when told, for security reasons, he couldn't
- In 1960, Cuban leader Fidel Castro, in New York to visit the United
Nations, checked out of the Shelburne Hotel after a dispute with
the management.- In 1984, Britain and China completed a draft agreement on
transferring Hong Kong from British to Chinese rule by 1997.
- In 1985, the Mexico City area was struck by the first of two
devastating quakes that killed some 6,000 people.
- Ten years ago: A Paris-bound DC-10 belonging to the French airline
UTA disappeared after a stopover in Chad with 171 people aboard.
(The wreckage was found the next day in Niger; a bomb was believed
- Five years ago: U.S. troops peacefully entered Haiti to enforce the
return of exiled President Jean-Bertrand Aristide.
- One year ago: Rescue efforts continued off the Philippines for the
Princess of the Orient, a ferry which had sunk in a storm, leaving
at least 70 people dead and 80 others missing. Susan Barrantes,
mother of Sarah Ferguson, the Duchess of York, was killed in a car
crash in Argentina; she was 61. Miss Virginia Nicole Johnson, a
24-year-old diabetic who wears an insulin pump on her hip, was
crowned Miss America 1999.*Happy Birthday*----------------
- Author Roger Angell is 79.- Rhythm-and-blues musician Billy Ward is 78.
- Former Defense Secretary Harold Brown is 72.- Actress Rosemary Harris is 69.
- Actor David McCallum is 66.- Actor Adam West is 61.
- Singer-songwriter Paul Williams is 59.- Singer Bill Medley is 59.
- Singer Sylvia Tyson (Ian and Sylvia) is 59.- Golfer Jane Blalock is 54.
- Singer David Bromberg is 54.- Singer Freda Payne is 54.
- Rock singer-musician Lol Creme (10cc) is 52.- Actor Jeremy Irons is 51.
- Actress Twiggy Lawson is 50.- TV personality Joan Lunden is 49.
- Singer-producer Daniel Lanois is 48.- Actor Scott Colomby is 47.
- Musician-producer Nile Rodgers is 47.- Singer-actor Rex Smith is 43.
- Actor Kevin Hooks is 41.- Country singer Trisha Yearwood is 35.
- Rhythm-and-blues singer Espraronza Griffin is 30.
On Sept. 20, 1519, Portuguese navigator Ferdinand Magellan set out
from Spain on a voyage to find a western passage to the Spice
Islands in Indonesia. (Magellan was killed enroute, but one of his
ships eventually circled the world.)
- In 1870 Italian troops took control of the Papal States, leading to
the unification of Italy.
- In 1881 Chester A. Arthur was sworn in as the 21st president of the
United States, succeeding James A. Garfield, who had been assassinated.
- In 1884 the Equal Rights Party was formed during a convention of
suffragists in San Francisco. The convention nominated Belva Ann
Bennett Lockwood for president.
- In 1947 former New York City Mayor Fiorello La Guardia died.
- In 1962 black student James Meredith was blocked from enrolling at
the University of Mississippi by Gov. Ross R. Barnett. (Meredith was
- In 1963 President Kennedy proposed a joint U.S.-Soviet expedition to
- In 1973 in their so-called "battle of the sexes," tennis star Billie
Jean King beat Bobby Riggs in straight sets, 6-4, 6-3, 6-3, at the
- In 1979 Jean-Bedel Bokassa, self-styled head of the Central African
Empire, was overthrown in a French-supported coup while he was
- In 1984 a suicide car bomber attacked the U.S. Embassy annex in
north Beirut, killing a dozen people.
- Ten years ago Soviet leader Mikhail S. Gorbachev pulled off a major
shake-up of the Soviet Communist Party, dropping three Politburo
members. F.W. de Klerk was sworn in as president of South Africa.
- Five years ago space shuttle Discovery and its six astronauts landed
at Edwards Air Force Base in California after an 11-day mission.
Broadway composer Jule Styne died in New York at age 88.
- One year ago after 2,632 consecutive games, Cal Ripken of the
Baltimore Orioles sat out a game against the New York Yankees,
ending a 16-year run. Muriel Humphrey Brown, widow of Vice President
Hubert Humphrey and his brief successor in the U.S. Senate, died in
Minneapolis at age 86.*Happy Birthday*----------------
- Boston Celtics vice chairman Red Auerbach is 82.- Actress Peg Phillips is 81.
- Singer Gogi Grant is 75.- Psychologist Joyce Brothers is 71.
- Actress-comedian Anne Meara is 70.- Actress Sophia Loren is 65.
- Rock musician Chuck Panozzo (Styx) is 52.
- Former hockey player Guy LaFleur is 48.- Jazz musician Peter White is 45.
- Actress Betsy Brantley is 44.- Actor Gary Cole is 42.
- Actor Crispin Glover is 35.
- Actress Kristen Johnston ("3rd Rock From the Sun") is 32.
- Rock singers Matthew Nelson and Gunnar Nelson are 32.
- Rock musician Ben Shepherd is 31.
On Sept. 21, 1949, the People's Republic of China was proclaimed by
its Communist leaders.
- In 1792 the French National Convention voted to abolish the monarchy.
- In 1897 the New York Sun ran its famous editorial that declared,
"Yes, Virginia, there is a Santa Claus."
- In 1931 Britain went off the gold standard.
- In 1937 "The Hobbit" by J.R.R. Tolkien was published.
- In 1938 a hurricane struck parts of New York and New England,
causing widespread damage and killing more than 600.
- In 1948 Milton Berle made his debut as full-time host of "The Texaco
Star Theater" on NBC-TV.
- In 1973 the U.S. Senate confirmed Henry Kissinger to be Secretary of State.
- In 1977 after weeks of controversy over past business and banking
practices, President Carter's embattled budget director, Bert Lance,
resigned.- In 1983 in a speech to the U.S. Chamber of Commerce, Interior
Secretary James G. Watt jokingly described a special advisory panel
as consisting of "a black ... a woman, two Jews and a cripple."
Although Watt apologized, he later resigned.
- In 1996 John F. Kennedy Jr. married Carolyn Bessette in a secret
ceremony on Cumberland Island, Ga.
- Ten years ago Hurricane Hugo, packing winds of up to 135 mph,
crashed into Charleston, S.C. In Alton, Texas, 21 students died when
their school bus collided with a truck and careered into a water-filled pit.
- Five years ago prosecutors from Los Angeles and Santa Barbara
counties announced that Michael Jackson would not face child
molestation charges; however, the case would remain open until 1999.
- One year ago President Clinton's videotaped grand jury testimony was
publicly broadcast; in it, Clinton tussled with prosecutors over
"the truth of my relationship" with Monica Lewinsky. Olympic gold
medal track star Florence Griffith Joyner was found dead at her home
in Mission Viejo, Calif.; she was 38. Hurricane Georges roared
through Puerto Rico and the northeast Caribbean.*Happy Birthday*
----------------- Cartoon animator Chuck Jones is 87.- Actor Rand Brooks is 81.
- Actor Larry Hagman is 68.- Poet-songwriter Leonard Cohen is 65.
- Actor-comedian Henry Gibson is 64.- Author-comedian Fannie Flagg is 55.
- Author Stephen King is 52.- Musician Don Felder (The Eagles) is 52.
- Actor-comedian Bill Murray is 49.
- Rock musician Philthy Animal (ex-Motorhead) is 45.
- Movie producer-writer Ethan Coen is 41.- Actor-comedian Dave Coulier is 40.
- Actor David James Elliott is 39.- Actress Nancy Travis is 38.
- Actor Rob Morrow is 37.- Country singer Faith Hill is 32.
- Rock musician Tyler Stewart (Barenaked Ladies) is 32.
- Actress-talk show host Ricki Lake is 31.
- Rapper Trugoy the Dove (De La Soul) is 31.- Actor Alfonso Ribeiro is 28.
On Sept. 22, 1776, Nathan Hale was hanged by the British as a spy
during the Revolutionary War.
- In 1789 Congress authorized the office of Postmaster-General.
- In 1792 the French Republic was proclaimed.
- In 1862 President Lincoln issued the preliminary Emancipation
Proclamation, declaring all slaves in rebel states should be free as
of Jan. 1, 1863.- In 1949 the Soviet Union detonated its first atomic bomb.
- In 1958 Sherman Adams, assistant to President Eisenhower, resigned
amid charges of improperly using his influence to help an industrialist.
- In 1964 the musical "Fiddler on the Roof" opened on Broadway,
beginning a run of 3,242 performances.
- In 1969 Willie Mays of the San Francisco Giants hit his 600th career
home run, during a game against San Diego.
- In 1975 Sara Jane Moore failed in an attempt to shoot President Ford
outside a San Francisco hotel.
- In 1980 the Persian Gulf conflict between Iran and Iraq erupted into
full-scale war.- In 1993 47 people were killed when an Amtrak passenger train
derailed and crashed into Bayou Canot near Mobile, Ala.
- Ten years ago Irving Berlin, one of America's most prolific
songwriters, died in New York City at age 101.
- Five years ago the United States stepped up its military control of
Haiti, breaking up heavy weapons, guarding pro-democracy activists
and giving U.S. troops more leeway to use force. Pope John Paul II,
recovering from hip-replacement surgery, canceled his U.S. trip,
planned for October.
- One year ago Congressional Republicans worked to snuff out new talk
of a punishment for President Clinton short of impeachment, an idea
floated by Democrats as polls showed most Americans opposed
Clinton's removal from office. The U.S. and Russia agreed to help
Russia privatize its nuclear program and stop the export of
scientists and plutonium.*Happy Birthday*----------------
- Actress Martha Scott is 85.
- Baseball Hall of Fame manager Tommy Lasorda is 72.- Actor Eugene Roche is 71.
- Musician King Sunny Ade is 53.- Capt. Mark Phillips is 51.
- Rock singer David Coverdale (Deep Purple, Whitesnake) is 50.
- Actor Paul Le Mat is 47.- Actress Shari Belafonte is 45.
- Singer Debby Boone is 43.
- Country singer June Forester (The Forester Sisters) is 43.
- Rock singer Johnette Napolitano is 42.- Singer-musician Joan Jett is 39.
- Actress Catherine Oxenberg is 38.- Actor Scott Baio is 38.
- Actor Rob Stone is 37.- Actress Bonnie Hunt is 35.
- Rhythm-and-blues singer Big Rube (Society of Soul) is 28.
On Sept. 23, 1779, during the Revolutionary War, the American
warship Bon Homme Richard defeated the HMS Serapis after
American commander John Paul Jones is said to have declared:
"I have not yet begun to fight!"
- In 63 B.C., Caesar Augustus was born in Rome.
- In 1642, Harvard College in Cambridge, Mass., graduated its first class.
- In 1780, British spy John Andre was captured along with
papers revealing Benedict Arnold's plot to surrender West
Point to the British.
- In 1806, the Lewis and Clark expedition returned to St. Louis
from the Pacific Northwest.
- In 1846, the planet Neptune was discovered by German astronomer
Johann Gottfried Galle.
- In 1939, Sigmund Freud, founder of psychoanalysis, died in London.
- In 1952, Republican vice-presidential candidate Richard M.
Nixon went on television to deliver what came to be known as
the "Checkers" speech as he refuted allegations of improper
- In 1957, 9 black students who had entered Little Rock Central
High School in Arkansas were forced to withdraw because of a
white mob outside.- In 1962, New York's Philharmonic Hall (since renamed Avery
Fisher Hall) formally opened as the first unit of the Lincoln
Center for the Performing Arts.
- In 1973, former Argentine president Juan Peron was returned to power.
- Ten years ago: President Bush, saying he was "very pleased"
with talks between Secretary of State James Baker and Soviet
Foreign Minister Eduard Shevardnadze, told reporters there
would be a superpower summit later in the year.
- Five years ago: The U.N. Security Council rewarded Yugoslavia
for sealing its border with Bosnia by easing sanctions in
sports, cultural exchanges and air traffic. The White House
announced a shakeup involving two dozen staff members.
- One year ago: The U.N. Security Council demanded a cease-fire
in Kosovo and threatened further action if fighting continued.
Sammy Sosa hit his 64th and 65th home runs, tying Mark McGwire
for the single-season record. Federal regulators approved the
merger of Citicorp and Travelers Group. Actress Mary Frann, who
played Bob Newhart's wife on TV's "Newhart," died in Beverly
Hills, Calif., at age 55.*Happy Birthday*----------------
- Actor Mickey Rooney is 79.- Singer Ray Charles is 69.
- Singer Julio Iglesias is 56.
- Actor Paul Petersen ("The Donna Reed Show") is 54.
- Actress-singer Mary Kay Place is 52.- Rock star Bruce Springsteen is 50.
- Actor Jason Alexander is 40.- Singer Lita Ford is 40.
- Actress Elizabeth Pena is 38.- Country musician Don Herron (BR5-49) is 37.
- Singer Ani DiFranco is 29.- Rock singer Sarah Bettens (K's Choice) is 27.
- Recording executive Jermaine Dupri is 27.
On Sept. 24, 1789, Congress passed the First Judiciary Act,
which provided for an attorney general and a Supreme Court.
- In 1869, financiers Jay Gould and James Fisk tried to corner the
gold market, sending Wall Street into a panic and leaving thousands
of investors in financial ruin.
- In 1896, author F. Scott Fitzgerald was born in St. Paul, Minn.
- In 1929, Lt. James H. Doolittle guided a Consolidated NY-2
Biplane over Mitchel Field in New York in the first all-instrument flight.
- In 1948, Mildred Gillars, accused of being Nazi wartime radio
propagandist "Axis Sally," pleaded innocent in Washington to
charges of treason. (Gillars ultimately served 12 years in prison.)
- In 1955, President Eisenhower suffered a heart attack while on
vacation in Denver.
- In 1957, the Brooklyn Dodgers played their last game at Ebbets
Field, beating the Pittsburgh Pirates 2-0.
- In 1960, the USS Enterprise, the first nuclear-powered aircraft
carrier, was launched at Newport News, Va.
- In 1963, the U.S. Senate ratified a treaty with Britain and the
Soviet Union limiting nuclear testing.
- In 1969, the trial of the "Chicago Eight" (later seven) began.
(Five defendants were convicted of crossing state lines to incite
riots at the 1968 Democratic national convention; the convictions
were ultimately overturned.)
- In 1976, newspaper heiress Patricia Hearst was sentenced to
seven years in prison for her part in a 1974 bank robbery. (She
received clemency from President Carter and was released after 22 months.)
- Ten years ago: Residents of Charleston, S.C., attended church
services as they faced a third day of recovering from the
devastation of Hurricane Hugo.
- Five years ago: A firefight erupted between U.S. Marines and a
group of armed Haitians outside a police station in the northern
coastal city of Cap-Haitien; 10 of the Haitians were killed.
- One year ago: Hurricane Georges was charging toward Florida
Keys, after killing hundreds of people in the Caribbean. The
government began releasing the new, harder-to-counterfeit $20 bill.
*Happy Birthday*----------------- ABC sportscaster Jim McKay is 78.
- Actress Sheila MacRae is 75.- Singer Barbara Allbut (The Angels) is 59.
- Singer Phyliss "Jiggs'" Allbut (The Angels) is 57.
- Singer Gerry Marsden (Gerry and the Pacemakers) is 57.
- Actor Gordon Clapp ("NYPD Blue") is 51.
- Former U.S. Rep. Joseph Kennedy II, D-Mass., is 47.
- Actor Kevin Sorbo ("Hercules: The Legendary Journeys") is 41.
- Rhythm-and-blues singer Cedric Dent (Take 6) is 37.
- Singer-musician Marty Cintron (No Mercy) is 28.
On Sept. 25, 1789, the first U.S. Congress adopted 12 amendments to
the Constitution and sent them to the states for ratification. Ten
of the amendments became the Bill of Rights.
- In 1492 crew members aboard one of Christopher Columbus' ships, the
Pinta, shouted that they could see land; it turned out to be a false
sighting.- In 1493 Christopher Columbus set sail from Cadiz, Spain, with a
flotilla of 17 ships on his second voyage to the Western Hemisphere.
- In 1775 American Revolutionary War hero Ethan Allen was captured by
the British as he led an attack on Montreal.
- In 1890 President Benjamin Harrison signed a measure establishing
Sequoia National Park.
- In 1897 American author William Faulkner was born in New Albany, Miss.
- In 1957 with 300 U.S. Army troops standing guard, nine black
children forced to withdraw from Central High School in Little Rock,
Ark., because of unruly white crowds were escorted to class.
- In 1973 the three-man crew of the U.S. space laboratory Skylab 2
splashed down safely in the Pacific after 59 days in orbit.
- In 1978 144 people were killed when a Pacific Southwest Airlines
Boeing 727 and a private plane collided over San Diego.
- In 1979 the musical "Evita" opened on Broadway.
- In 1981 Sandra Day O'Connor was sworn in as the first woman justice
on the Supreme Court.
- Ten years ago President Bush, addressing the U.N. General Assembly,
offered to slash American stocks of chemical weapons by more than
80%, provided the Soviets did the same.
- Five years ago Russian President Boris Yeltsin began a five-day
swing through the United States as he arrived in New York, hoping to
encourage American investment in his country's struggling economy.
- One year ago Hurricane Georges raked the Florida Keys with sheets of
rain and 105 mph winds, but spared Florida the kind of devastation
seen across the Caribbean. Mark McGwire hit his 66th home run, just
45 minutes after Sammy Sosa hit his 66th homer of the season.*Happy Birthday*
----------------- Baseball Hall-of-Famer Phil Rizzuto is 81.
- ABC News correspondent Barbara Walters is 68.- Country singer Ian Tyson is 66.
- Rhythm-and-blues singer Jesse Russell is 60.- Actor Robert Walden is 56.
- Actor-producer Michael Douglas is 55.- Model Cheryl Tiegs is 52.
- Actress Mimi Kennedy is 50.- Actor-director Anson Williams is 50.
- Actor Christopher Reeve is 47.- Actor Colin Friels is 47.
- Actor Michael Madsen is 41.- Actress Heather Locklear is 38.
- Basketball player Scottie Pippen is 34.- Actor Will Smith is 31.
- Actress Catherine Zeta-Jones is 30.- Actress Bridgette Wilson is 26.
On Sept. 26, 1789, Thomas Jefferson was appointed the nation's first
secretary of state, John Jay the first chief justice, Samuel Osgood
the first postmaster-general and Edmund Jennings Randolph the first
- In 1777 British troops occupied Philadelphia during the American Revolution.
- In 1898 American composer George Gershwin was born in Brooklyn, N.Y.
- In 1914 the Federal Trade Commission was established.
- In 1950 United Nations troops recaptured the South Korean capital of
Seoul from the North Koreans.
- In 1957 the musical "West Side Story" opened on Broadway.
- In 1960 Richard M. Nixon and John F. Kennedy met in Chicago in the
first televised debate between presidential candidates.
- In 1969 the family comedy series "The Brady Bunch" premiered on ABC-TV.
- In 1986 William H. Rehnquist was sworn in as the 16th chief justice,
while Antonin Scalia joined the Supreme Court as its 103rd member.
- In 1991 four men and four women began a two-year stay inside a
sealed-off structure in Oracle, Ariz., called Biosphere 2.
- In 1997 an Indonesian Airbus A-300 crashed while approaching Medan
Airport in north Sumatra, killing all 234 people aboard.
- Ten years ago in a speech to the U.N. General Assembly, Soviet
Foreign Minister Eduard Shevardnadze accepted President Bush's call
for deep cuts in U.S. and Soviet chemical weapon stockpiles.
- Five years ago addressing the U.N. General Assembly, President
Clinton announced he had lifted most U.S. sanctions against Haiti
and urged other nations to follow suit. Jury selection began in Los
Angeles for the murder trial of O.J. Simpson. Senate Majority Leader
George Mitchell declared health care reform dead for the session.
- One year ago the nation's first march on cancer took place on the
National Mall in Washington. Grammy-winning jazz singer Betty Carter
died in New York at age 69.*Happy Birthday*----------------
- Fitness expert Jack LaLanne is 85.- Actress Julie London is 73.
- Actor Philip Bosco is 69.- Country singer David Frizzell is 58.
- Actor Kent McCord is 57.- Singer Bryan Ferry is 54.
- New Jersey Governor Christine Todd Whitman is 53.- Singer Lynn Anderson is 52.
- Singer Olivia Newton-John is 51.- Actress Mary Beth Hurt is 51.
- Actor James Keane ("Bulworth") is 47.
- Rock singer-musician Cesar Rosas (Los Lobos) is 45.
- Country singer Carlene Carter is 44.- Actress Linda Hamilton is 43.
- Country singer Doug Supernaw is 39.- Recording executive Andre Harrell is 39.
- Actress Melissa Sue Anderson is 37.
- Singer Tracey Thorn (Everything But The Girl) is 37.
- Rhythm-and-blues singer Cindy Herron (En Vogue) is 34.
- Singer Shawn Stockman (Boyz II Men) is 27.
On Sept. 27, 1939, Warsaw, Poland, surrendered after weeks of
resistance to invading forces from Nazi Germany and the Soviet Union
during World War II.
- In 1779 John Adams was named to negotiate Revolutionary War peace
terms with Britain.
- In 1854 the first great disaster of an oceanliner in the Atlantic
occurred when the steamship Arctic sank with 300 people aboard.
- In 1928 the United States said it was recognizing the Nationalist
- In 1942 Glenn Miller and his Orchestra performed for the last time,
at the Central Theater in Passaic, N.J., before Miller was inducted
into the Army.- In 1943 Bing Crosby, the Andrews Sisters and the Vic Schoen
Orchestra recorded "Pistol Packin' Mama" and "Jingle Bells" for
Decca Records.- In 1954 "Tonight!" with Steve Allen made its debut on NBC-TV.
- In 1959 a typhoon battered the main Japanese island of Honshu,
killing nearly 5,000 people.
- In 1964 the Warren Commission issued a report concluding that Lee
Harvey Oswald had acted alone in assassinating President Kennedy.
- In 1979 Congress gave final approval to forming the Department of
Education, the 13th Cabinet agency in U.S. history.
- Ten years ago Columbia Pictures Entertainment Inc. agreed to a $3.4
billion buyout by Sony Corporation.
- Five years ago more than 350 Republican congressional candidates
gathered on the steps of the Capitol to sign the "Contract with
America," a 10-point platform they pledged to enact if voters sent a
GOP majority to the House.
- One year ago Gerhard Schroeder and his Social Democrats won national
elections in Germany, following 16 years of conservative rule under
Chancellor Helmut Kohl. St. Louis Cardinal Mark McGwire's
record-breaking season ended with his 69th and 70th home runs.*Happy Birthday*
----------------- Former Illinois Sen. Charles Percy is 80.
- Movie director Arthur Penn is 77.- Actress Sada Thompson is 70.
- Actress Kathleen Nolan is 66.- Actor Wilford Brimley is 65.
- Actor Claude Jarman Jr. is 65.- Author Barbara Howar is 65.
- Sportscaster Dick Schaap is 65.
- Singer-musician Randy Bachman (Bachman-Turner Overdrive) is 56.
- Actress Liz Torres is 52.- Singer Meat Loaf is 48.
- Rock musician Greg Ham (Men At Work) is 46.- Singer Shaun Cassidy is 41.
- Singer Mark Calderon (Color Me Badd) is 29.- Actress Gwyneth Paltrow is 27.
On Sept. 28, 1939, during World War II, Germany and the Soviet Union
agreed on a plan to partition Poland.
- In 1066 William the Conqueror invaded England to claim the English throne.
- In 1542 Portuguese navigator Juan Rodriguez Cabrillo arrived at
present-day San Diego.
- In 1781 American forces in the Revolutionary War, backed by a French
fleet, began their siege of Yorktown Heights, Va.
- In 1787 Congress voted to send the recently completed Constitution
of the United States to state legislatures for their approval.
- In 1850 flogging was abolished as a form of punishment in the U.S. Navy.
- In 1924 two U.S. Army planes landed in Seattle, having completed the
first round-the-world flight in 175 days.
- In 1967 Walter Washington took office as the first mayor of the
District of Columbia.
- In 1972 Japan and Communist China agreed to re-establish diplomatic
- In 1995 Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin and PLO chairman Yasser
Arafat signed an accord to transfer much of the West Bank to the
control of its Arab residents.
- Ten years ago deposed Philippine President Ferdinand E. Marcos died
in exile in Hawaii at age 72.
- Five years ago more than 900 people died when an Estonian ferry
capsized and sank in the Baltic sea. Jose Francisco Ruiz Massieu,
the No. 2 man in Mexico's ruling Institutional Revolutionary Party,
was assassinated. CIA Director R. James Woolsey announced reprimands
of 11 senior officers in the wake of the Aldrich Ames spy scandal.
- One year ago Hurricane Georges plowed into the Gulf Coast, weakening
to a tropical storm but pouring rain at a pace of an inch per hour.
President Clinton declared an emergency late in the day.*Happy Birthday*
----------------- Actor William Windom is 76.- Actor Arnold Stang is 74.
- Country singer Tommy Collins is 69.- Actress Brigitte Bardot is 65.
- Blues singer Koko Taylor is 64.- Singer Ben E. King is 61.
- Singer Helen Shapiro is 53.- Actor Jeffrey Jones is 52.
- Movie writer-director-actor John Sayles is 49.- Actress Sylvia Kristel is 47.
- Actress-comedian Janeane Garofalo is 35.- Country singer Matt King is 33.
- TV personality Moon Zappa is 32.
- Rhythm-and-blues singer Sean Levert (Levert) is 31.
- Country singer Mandy Barnett is 24.
On Sept. 29, 1978, John Paul I was found dead in his Vatican
apartment just over a month after he was installed as pope of the
Roman Catholic Church.- In 1758 English Admiral Horatio Nelson was born.
- In 1789 the U.S. War Department established a regular army with a
strength of several hundred men.
- In 1829 London's reorganized police force, which became known as
Scotland Yard, went on duty.
- In 1902 impresario David Belasco opened his first Broadway theater.
- In 1918 allied forces scored a decisive breakthrough of the
Hindenburg Line during World War I.
- In 1943 Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower and Italian Marshal Pietro
Badoglio signed an armistice aboard the British ship Nelson off Malta.
- In 1963 the second session of the Second Vatican Council opened in\ Rome.
- In 1979 John Paul II became the first pope to visit Ireland as he
arrived for a three-day tour.
- In 1982 seven people in the Chicago area died after unwittingly
taking Extra-Strength Tylenol capsules laced with cyanide.
- In 1988 the space shuttle Discovery blasted off from Cape Canaveral,
Fla., marking America's return to manned space flight following the
- Ten years ago actress Zsa Zsa Gabor was convicted of battery for
slapping a Beverly Hills police officer who had pulled over her
Rolls-Royce for expired license plates. (As part of her sentence,
Gabor served three days in jail.)
- Five years ago the House voted to end the age-old practice of
lobbyists buying meals and entertainment for members of Congress.
- One year ago former Los Angeles Mayor Tom Bradley died at age 80.
The Federal Reserve cut the federal funds rate a quarter-point, to 5.25%.
*Happy Birthday*----------------- Movie director Michelangelo Antonioni is 87.
- Movie director Stanley Kramer is 86.- Actress Lizabeth Scott is 77.
- Actor Steve Forrest is 75.- Actress Anita Ekberg is 68.
- Actor Eddie Barth is 68.- Singer Jerry Lee Lewis is 64.
- Actor Larry Linville is 60.- Actress Madeline Kahn is 57.
- Actor Ian McShane is 57.- Jazz musician Jean-Luc Ponty is 57.
- Television-film composer Mike Post is 55.- Actress Patricia Hodge is 53.
- TV personality Bryant Gumbel is 51.
- Rock singer-musician Mark Farner (Grand Funk Railroad) is 51.
- Rock musician Mike Pinera (Iron Butterfly) is 51.
- Country singer Alvin Crow is 49.- Singer Suzzy Roche (The Roches) is 43.
- Actor-comedian Andrew "Dice" Clay is 41.- Singer-musician Les Claypool is 36.
- Actress Jill Whelan is 33.
- Rhythm-and-blues singer Devante Swing (Jodeci) is 30.
- Actress Emily Lloyd is 29.- Actress Natasha Gregson Wagner is 29.
On Sept. 30, 1949, the Berlin Airlift, which delivered 2.3 million
tons of food and fuel to West Berliners while circumventing a Soviet
blockade, came to an end.
- In 1791 Mozart's opera "The Magic Flute" premiered in Vienna, Austria.
- In 1846 William Morton of Boston was the first dentist to use ether
as an anesthetic.
- In 1927 Babe Ruth hit his 60th home run of the season, breaking his
own major league record.
- In 1938 British, French, German and Italian leaders decided to
appease Adolf Hitler by allowing Nazi annexation of Czechoslovakia's
- In 1939 the first college football game to be televised was shown on
experimental station W2XBS in New York as Fordham University
defeated Waynesburg College, 34-7.
- In 1946 an international military tribunal in Nuremberg, Germany,
found 22 top Nazi leaders guilty of war crimes.
- In 1954 the first atomic-powered vessel, the submarine Nautilus, was
commissioned by the Navy.
- In 1955 actor James Dean was killed in a two-car collision near
- In 1962 black student James Meredith succeeded on his fourth try to
register for classes at the University of Mississippi.
- In 1988 Mikhail S. Gorbachev retired President Andrei A. Gromyko
from the Politburo and fired other old-guard leaders in a Kremlin shake-up.
- Ten years ago thousands of East Germans who had sought refuge in
West German embassies in Czechoslovakia and Poland began emigrating
under an accord between Soviet bloc and NATO nations.
- Five years ago the space shuttle Endeavour and its six astronauts
roared into orbit on an 11-day mission.
- One year ago the General Accounting Office reported that Kenneth
Starr and Robert Fiske had spent more than $40 million to
investigate President Clinton's Whitewater land deals in Arkansas
and later the Monica Lewinsky affair. Both President Clinton and
Republicans claimed credit for news that the government would have a
surplus of about $70 billion in the current fiscal year.*Happy Birthday*
----------------- Former Georgia Gov. Lester Maddox is 84.
- Actress Deborah Kerr is 78.- Actress Angie Dickinson is 68.
- Singer Cissy Houston is 66.- Singer Johnny Mathis is 64.
- Actor Len Cariou is 60.
- Rock singer-musician Dewey Martin (Buffalo Springfield) is 57.
- Singer Marilyn McCoo is 56.- Pop singer Sylvia Peterson (The Chiffons) is 53.
- Rock musician John Lombardo (10,000 Maniacs) is 47.
- Singer Deborah Allen is 46.- Actor Calvin Levels is 45.
- Actor Barry Williams is 45.- Singer Patrice Rushen is 45.- Singer Basia is 43.
- Actress Fran Drescher is 42.- Country singer Marty Stuart is 41.
- Actor Eric Stoltz is 38.- Rapper-producer Marley Marl is 37.
- Country singer Eddie Montgomery (Montgomery-Gentry) is 36.
- Rock musician Robby Takac (Goo Goo Dolls) is 35.- Actress Jenna Elfman is 28.
- Actor Ashley Hamilton is 25.
- Olympic gold medal gymnast Dominique Moceanu is 18.
- Actress Lacey Chabert is 17.