On Nov. 1, 1952, the U.S. tested its first hydrogen bomb at Eniwetok
in the Marshall Islands.
- In 1604 William Shakespeare's tragedy "Othello" was first presented
at Whitehall Palace in London.
- In 1611 Shakespeare's romantic comedy "The Tempest" was first
presented at Whitehall.
- In 1765 the Stamp Act went into effect, prompting stiff resistance
from American colonists.
- In 1861 Gen. George B. McClellan was made General-in-Chief of the
- In 1870 the U.S. Weather Bureau made its first official
- In 1944 "Harvey," a comedy by Mary Chase about a man and his
invisible friend, a 6-foot-tall rabbit, opened on Broadway.
- In 1950 two Puerto Rican nationalists tried to force their way into
Blair House in Washington in an attempt to assassinate President
Truman. One of the pair was killed.
- In 1954 the western African nation of Algeria began its rebellion
against French rule.
- In 1973 following the "Saturday Night Massacre," acting Attorney
General Robert H. Bork appointed Leon Jaworski as the new Watergate
special prosecutor, succeeding Archibald Cox.
- In 1979 former first lady Mamie Eisenhower died in Washington D.C.
at age 82.
- Ten years ago East Germany reopened its border with Czechoslovakia,
prompting tens of thousands of refugees to flee to the West.
- Five years ago the Senate Intelligence Committee released a report
saying CIA Director R. James Woolsey's response to the Aldrich Ames
spy case was "seriously inadequate," but that his predecessors were
ultimately to blame for the scandal.
- One year ago the military arm of the radical Islamic group Hamas
made an unprecedented threat against Yasser Arafat, demanding the
Palestinian leader halt a crackdown against it, or face violent
vengeance. John Kagwe of Kenya won the New York City Marathon for
the second consecutive year; Franca Fiacconi became the first
Italian to win the women's division.
- Newspaper columnist James J. Kilpatrick is 79.
- Golfer Gary Player is 64.
- Country singer Bill Anderson is 62.
- Actress Barbara Bosson is 60.
- Actor Robert Foxworth is 58.
- Actress Marcia Wallace is 57.
- Magazine publisher Larry Flynt is 57.
- Actress Jeannie Berlin is 50.
- Pop singer-musician Dan Peek is 49.
- Rhythm-and-blues musician Ronald Bell (Kool and the Gang) is 48.
- Country singer-songwriter-producer Keith Stegall is 45.
- Country singer Lyle Lovett is 42.
- Actress Rachel Ticotin is 41.
- Rock musician Eddie MacDonald (The Alarm) is 40.
- Rock singer Anthony Kiedis (Red Hot Chili Peppers) is 37.
- Pop singer-musician Mags Furuholmen (a-ha) is 37.
- Rock musician Rick Allen (Def Leppard) is 36.
- Rapper Willie D (Geto Boys) is 33.
- Actress Toni Collette is 27.
- Actress Jenny McCarthy is 27.
- Rock musician Andrew Gonzales is 27.
- Actress Helene Udy is 23.
On Nov. 2, 1948, President Truman surprised the experts, narrowly
winning reelection over Republican challenger Thomas E. Dewey.
- In 1783 Gen. George Washington issued his "Farewell Address to the
Army" near Princeton, N.J.
- In 1795 James Knox Polk, 11th president of the U.S., was born in
Mecklenburg County, N.C.
- In 1865 Warren Gamaliel Harding, the 29th U.S. president, was born
near Corsica, Ohio.
- In 1889 North Dakota and South Dakota became the 39th and 40th
- In 1920 radio station KDKA in Pittsburgh broadcast returns from the
Harding-Cox presidential election.
- In 1930 Haile Selassie was crowned emperor of Ethiopia.
- In 1959 game show contestant Charles Van Doren admitted to a House
subcommittee that he'd been given questions and answers prior to
appearances on the NBC TV program "Twenty-One."
- In 1963 South Vietnamese President Ngo Dihn Diem was assassinated in
a military coup.
- In 1979 black militant Joanne Chesimard escaped from a New Jersey
prison, where she was serving a life sentence for the 1973 slaying
of a New Jersey state trooper. Chesimard now lives in Cuba as
- In 1984 Velma Barfield, convicted of the fatal poisoning of her
boyfriend, was put to death by injection in Raleigh, N.C.; she was
the first woman executed in the U.S. since 1962.
- Ten years ago President Bush and congressional Republicans dropped
their Capitol Hill quest for a cut in the capital gains tax.
- Five years ago in Durunka, Egypt, more than 475 people were killed
when fuel carried by floodwaters ignited. A jury in Pensacola, Fla.,
convicted Paul Hill of murder for the shotgun slayings of an
abortion provider and his bodyguard; Hill was sentenced to death.
- One year ago Central American officials estimated more than 7,000
people had died in floods and mudslides triggered by Hurricane Mitch.
Microsoft chairman Bill Gates took center stage at his company's
antitrust trial, appearing on videotape inside a federal courtroom
- Country singer Charlie Walker is 73.
- Rhythm-and-blues singer Earl "Speedo" Carroll (The Cadillacs; The
Coasters) is 62.
- Presidential candidate Patrick J. Buchanan is 61.
- Actress Stefanie Powers is 57.
- Author Shere Hite is 57.
- Rock musician Keith Emerson (Emerson, Lake and Palmer) is 55.
- Singer-songwriter k.d. lang is 38.
- Rock musician Bobby Dall (Poison) is 36.
- Rhythm-and-blues singer Alvin Chea (Take 6) is 32.
In 1868 Republican Ulysses S. Grant won the presidential election
over Democrat Horatio Seymour.
- In 1896 Republican William McKinley defeated Democrat William
Jennings Bryan for the presidency.
- In 1903 Panama proclaimed its independence from Colombia.
- In 1908 Republican William Howard Taft was elected president,
outpolling William Jennings Bryan.
- In 1936 President Roosevelt won a landslide election over Republican
challenger Alfred M. "Alf" Landon.
- In 1964 President Johnson soundly defeated Republican challenger
Barry Goldwater, winning a White House term in his own right.
- In 1970 Salvador Allende was inaugurated as president of Chile.
- In 1979 five radicals were killed when gunfire erupted during an
anti-Ku Klux Klan demonstration in Greensboro, N.C., after a caravan
of Klansmen and Nazis had driven into the area.
- In 1992 Bill Clinton was elected 42nd president of the U.S.,
defeating President Bush. Illinois Democrat Carol Moseley-Braun
became the first black woman elected to the U.S. Senate.
- Ten years ago East German leader Egon Krenz delivered a nationally
broadcast speech in which he promised sweeping economic and
political reforms and called on East Germans to stay.
- Five years ago Susan Smith of Union, S.C., was arrested for drowning
her two young sons, nine days after claiming the children had been
abducted by a black carjacker. Twelve jurors were seated at the O.J.
Simpson trial in Los Angeles. The space shuttle Atlantis blasted
into orbit on a mission to survey Earth's ozone layer.
- One year ago in national elections, Democrats gained five House
seats, trimming the Republican majority. Minnesotans elected former
pro wrestler Jesse "The Body" Ventura to be their governor. The
death toll from Hurricane Mitch grew to 9,000 in Honduras.
- Baseball Hall of Famer Bob Feller is 81.
- Actor Charles Bronson is 78.
- Actress Lois Smith is 69.
- Actress Monica Vitti is 68.
- Former Massachusetts Gov. Michael S. Dukakis is 66.
- Actor-dancer Ken Berry is 66.
- Movie composer John Barry is 66.
- Actor Shadoe Stevens is 53.
- Singer Lulu is 51.
- Television critic Tom Shales is 51.
- Actor Mike Evans is 50.
- Comedian-actress-talk show host Roseanne is 47.
- Actress Kate Capshaw is 46.
- Comedian Dennis Miller is 46.
- Actress Kathy Kinney ("The Drew Carey Show") is 46.
- Singer Adam Ant is 45.
- Actor Dolph Lundgren is 40.
On Nov. 4, 1979, the Iranian hostage crisis began as militants
stormed the U.S. Embassy in Tehran. For some of the hostages, it was
the start of 444 days of captivity.
- In 1842 Abraham Lincoln married Mary Todd in Springfield, Ill.
- In 1884 Democrat Grover Cleveland was elected to his first term as
president, defeating Republican James G. Blaine.
- In 1922 the entrance to King Tutankhamen's tomb was discovered in
- In 1939 the U.S. modified its neutrality stance in World War II,
allowing "cash and carry" purchases of arms by belligerents, a
policy favoring Britain and France.
- In 1942 during World War II, Axis forces retreated from El Alamein
in North Africa in a major victory for British forces commanded by
Field Marshal Bernard Montgomery.
- In 1952 Dwight D. Eisenhower was elected president, defeating
Democrat Adlai Stevenson.
- In 1956 Soviet troops moved in to crush the Hungarian Revolution.
- In 1980 Ronald Reagan won the White House, defeating President
Carter by a strong margin.
- In 1991 former President Reagan opened his library in Simi Valley,
- In 1995 Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin was assassinated by a
right-wing Israeli minutes after Rabin attended a peace rally.
- Ten years ago up to a million East Germans filled the streets of
East Berlin for a pro-democracy rally. Iran marked the 10th
anniversary of the seizure of the U.S. Embassy.
- Five years ago in Union, S.C., townspeople jeered as Susan Smith was
led into court, a day after the 23-year-old secretary was arrested
and charged with murder in the drownings of her sons, 3-year-old
Michael and 14-month-old Alexander.
- One year ago in the wake of disappointing election results in which
House Republicans saw their majority trimmed, GOP lawmakers talked
of quickly wrapping up impeachment proceedings against President
Clinton and raised the prospect of challenges to Speaker Newt
Gingrich and other party leaders.
- Former CBS news anchorman Walter Cronkite is 83.
- Actor Art Carney is 81.
- Actress Doris Roberts is 69.
- Actress Loretta Swit is 62.
- Rhythm-and-blues singer Harry Elston (Friends of Distinction) is 61.
- Blues singer Delbert McClinton is 59.
- Actress Markie Post is 49.
- Country singer-musician Van Stephenson (BlackHawk) is 46.
- Pianist Yanni is 45.
- Rock singer-musician Chris Difford (Squeeze) is 45.
- Country singer Kim Forester (The Forester Sisters) is 39.
- Actor Ralph Macchio is 37.
- Actor Matthew McConaughey is 30.
- Rapper-producer Puff Daddy (Sean "Puffy" Combs) is 29.
- Rhythm-and-blues singer Shawn Rivera (Az Yet) is 28.
On Nov. 5, 1605, the "Gunpowder Plot" failed as Guy Fawkes was
seized before he could blow up the English Parliament.
- In 1782 the Continental Congress elected John Hanson of Maryland its
chairman, giving him the title of "President of the United States in
- In 1872 suffragist Susan B. Anthony was fined $100 for attempting to
vote for President Grant. She never paid the fine.
- In 1911 Calbraith P. Rodgers arrived in Pasadena, Calif., completing
the first transcontinental airplane trip in 49 days.
- In 1912 Woodrow Wilson was elected president, defeating Progressive
Republican Theodore Roosevelt and incumbent Republican William
- In 1940 President Roosevelt won an unprecedented third term in
office as he defeated Republican challenger Wendell L. Willkie.
- In 1946 Republicans captured control of both the Senate and the
House in midterm elections.
- In 1956 Britain and France started landing forces in Egypt during
the Egyptian-Israeli conflict over the Suez Canal. A cease-fire was
declared two days later.
- In 1968 Richard M. Nixon won the presidency, defeating Vice
President Hubert H. Humphrey and third-party candidate George C.
- In 1974 Ella T. Grasso was elected governor of Connecticut, the
first woman to win gubernatorial office without succeeding her
- In 1990 Rabbi Meir Kahane, a Brooklyn-born Israeli extremist, was
shot to death in New York. Egyptian native El Sayyed Nosair was
acquitted of state charges, but was later convicted in federal court
of Kahane's killing.
- Ten years ago pianist Vladimir Horowitz died in New York at age 85;
singer-songwriter Barry Sadler, 49, died in Murfreesboro, Tenn.
- Five years ago former President Reagan disclosed he has Alzheimer's
disease. George Foreman, 45, became boxing's oldest heavyweight
champion by knocking out Michael Moorer in the 10th round of their
WBA fight in Las Vegas.
- One year ago the U.N. Security Council unanimously demanded that
Iraq immediately resume cooperation with U.N. weapons inspectors.
- Musician Myron Floren ("The Lawrence Welk Show") is 80.
- Singer-songwriter Ike Turner is 68.
- Actor Chris Robinson is 61.
- Actress Elke Sommer is 59.
- Singer Art Garfunkel is 58.
- Actor-playwright Sam Shepard is 56.
- Singer Peter Noone is 52.
- Singer Bryan Adams is 40.
- Actress Tatum O'Neal is 36.
- Actress Andrea McArdle is 36.
- Rock singer Angelo Moore (Fishbone) is 34.
- Rock musician Mark Hunter (James) is 31.
- Country singers Jennifer and Heather Kinley (The Kinleys) are 29.
- Actor Corin Nemec is 28.
- Rock musician Jonny (cq) Greenwood (Radiohead) is 28.
- Country singer-musician Ryan Adams (Whiskeytown) is 25.
- Actor Jeremy Lelliott ("Safe Harbor") is 17.
On Nov. 6, 1860, former Illinois congressman Abraham Lincoln
defeated three other candidates for the presidency.
- In 1861 Jefferson Davis was elected to a six-year term as president
of the Confederacy.
- In 1888 Benjamin Harrison of Indiana won the presidential election,
defeating incumbent Grover Cleveland; Cleveland won the popular vote,
but Harrison gained the required number of electoral votes.
- In 1893 composer Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky died in St. Petersburg,
Russia, at age 53.
- In 1900 President McKinley was re-elected, beating Democrat William
- In 1906 Republican Charles Evans Hughes was elected governor of New
York, defeating newspaper publisher William Randolph Hearst.
- In 1913 Mohandas K. Gandhi was arrested as he led a march of Indian
miners in South Africa.
- In 1928 in a first, Herbert Hoover's election victory over Alfred E.
Smith was flashed on an electric sign outside the New York Times
- In 1956 President Eisenhower won re-election, defeating Democrat
Adlai E. Stevenson.
- In 1976 Benjamin L. Hooks was chosen to succeed Roy Wilkins as
executive director of the National Association for the Advancement
of Colored People.
- In 1977 39 people were killed when an earthen dam burst, sending a
wall of water through Toccoa Falls Bible College in Georgia.
- Ten years ago Kitty Dukakis, wife of Massachusetts Gov. Michael S.
Dukakis, was hospitalized after ingesting rubbing alcohol.
- Five years ago about 300 people crowded a small church in Union, S.C.
for the funeral of 3-year-old Michael and 14-month-old Alex Smith,
who'd been drowned by their mother, Susan Smith.
- One year ago Newt Gingrich told fellow lawmakers he intended to give
up his bid for a third term as House Speaker, following unforeseen
Republican losses in mid-term elections. Two suicide bombers were
killed when they set off blasts in a crowded open-air market in
Jerusalem, injuring a couple of dozen bystanders.
- Director Mike Nichols is 68.
- Country singer Stonewall Jackson is 67.
- Singer Eugene Pitt (The Jive Five) is 62.
- Singer P.J. Proby is 61.
- Singer-musician Doug Sahm is 58.
- Country singer Guy Clark is 58.
- Actress Sally Field is 53.
- Pop singer-musician Glenn Frey (The Eagles) is 51.
- Singer Rory Block is 50.
- NBC-TV newscaster Maria Shriver is 44.
- Actor Lance Kerwin is 39.
- Rock musician Paul Brindley (The Sundays) is 36.
- Rock singer Corey Glover (Living Colour) is 35.
- Actor Peter DeLuise is 33.
- Actress Kelly Rutherford is 31.
- Actor Ethan Hawke is 29.
- Actress Thandie Newton ("Beloved") is 27.
- Model-actress Rebecca Romijn is 27.
- Actress Nicole Dubuc is 21.
On Nov. 8, 1923, Adolf Hitler launched his first attempt to seize
power, a failed coup in Munich, Germany, that became known as the
- In 1889 Montana became the 41st state.
- In 1932 New York Gov. Franklin D. Roosevelt defeated incumbent
Herbert Hoover for the presidency.
- In 1933 President Roosevelt created the Civil Works Administration,
designed to create jobs for more than 4 million unemployed.
- In 1939 the play "Life With Father," based on the book by Clarence
Day, opened on Broadway.
- In 1942 Operation Torch began during World War II as U.S. and
British forces landed in French North Africa.
- In 1950 during the Korean conflict, the first jet-plane battle took
place as U.S. Air Force Lt. Russell J. Brown shot down a North
- In 1960 Massachusetts Sen. John F. Kennedy defeated Vice President
Richard M. Nixon for the presidency.
- In 1966 Ronald Reagan was elected governor of California.
- In 1987 11 people were killed when an Irish Republican Army bomb
exploded as crowds gathered in Enniskillen, Northern Ireland, for a
ceremony honoring Britain's war dead.
- In 1988 Vice President George Bush won the presidential election,
defeating Massachusetts Gov. Michael Dukakis.
- Ten years ago in an attempt to strengthen his 3-week-old leadership,
East German Communist Party chief Egon Krenz ousted the old guard of
the ruling Politburo, replacing them with reformers.
- Five years ago in midterm elections, Republicans won a majority in
the Senate, gaining control of the House for the first time in 40
years. California voters approved Proposition 187, designed to bar
illegal aliens from education, social services and non-emergency
- One year ago Rep. Bob Livingston, R-La., predicted he would succeed
Newt Gingrich as House Speaker. He was elected to the post but
resigned before taking office after admitting to marital
- Actor Norman Lloyd is 85.
- Actress June Havoc is 83.
- Heart surgeon Dr. Christiaan Barnard is 77.
- Jazz singer Chris Conner is 72.
- Singer Patti Page is 72.
- CBS newsman Morley Safer is 68.
- Singer Bonnie Bramlett is 55.
- Singer Bonnie Raitt is 50.
- TV personality Mary Hart is 48.
- Playboy Enterprises chairman and CEO Christie Hefner is 47.
- Actress Alfre Woodard is 46.
- Singer-songwriter Rickie Lee Jones is 45.
- Singer-actor Leif Garrett is 38.
- Actress Courtney Thorne-Smith is 32.
- Actress Parker Posey is 31.
- Rock musician Jimmy Chaney is 30.
- Actress Roxana Zal is 30.
- Singer Diana King is 29.
- Actress Tara Reid is 24.
- Actress Azura Skye is 18.
Ten years ago, on Nov. 9, 1989, communist East Germany opened its
borders, allowing citizens to travel freely to the West; joyous
Germans danced atop the Berlin Wall.
- In 1872 fire destroyed nearly 1,000 buildings in Boston.
- In 1918 Germany's Kaiser Wilhelm II announced he would abdicate. He
then fled to the Netherlands.
- In 1935 United Mine Workers president John L. Lewis and other labor
leaders formed the Committee for Industrial Organization (CIO).
- In 1938 Nazis looted and burned synagogues and Jewish-owned stores
and houses in Germany and Austria in what became known as
- In 1953 author-poet Dylan Thomas died in New York at age 39.
- In 1963 twin disasters struck Japan as some 450 miners were killed
in a coal-dust explosion and 160 people died in a train crash.
- In 1965 the great Northeast blackout left several states and parts
of Canada in the dark for up to 13 hours because of a series of
- In 1970 former French president Charles De Gaulle died at age 79.
- In 1986 Israel said it was holding Mordechai Vanunu, a former
nuclear technician who had vanished after providing information to
a British newspaper about Israel's nuclear weapons program. Vanunu
was convicted of treason and sentenced to 18 years in prison.
- In 1988 former Attorney General John N. Mitchell, a major figure in
the Watergate scandal, died in Washington at age 75.
- Five years ago, a day after Republicans won majorities in both the,
House and Senate, President Clinton and the GOP pledged cooperation,
even as they started forming battle lines over irreconcilable
- One year ago a federal judge in New York approved the richest
antitrust settlement in U.S. history, a promise by leading brokerage
firms to pay $1.03 billion to investors who had sued over a
price-rigging scheme for stocks listed on the Nasdaq market. The age
of digital and interactive TV opened with a PBS documentary special,
"Chihuly Over Venice."
- Actress Hedy Lamarr is 86.
- Sportscaster Charlie Jones is 69.
- Baseball executive Whitey Herzog is 68.
- Sen. Bob Graham, D-Fla., is 63.
- Movie director Bille August is 51.
- Actor Lou Ferrigno is 47.
- Rock musician Dee Plakas (L7) is 39.
- Rhythm-and-blues singers Ike and Mike Owensby (Twice) are 31.
- Rapper Pepa (Salt-N-Pepa) is 30.
- Rapper Scarface (Geto Boys) is 30.
- Blues singer Susan Tedeschi is 29.
- Rhythm-and-blues singer Nick Lachey (98 Degrees) is 26.
- Rhythm-and-blues singer Sisqo (Dru Hill) is 21.
On Nov. 10, 1969, the children's educational program "Sesame Street"
made its debut on PBS.
- In 1775 the U.S. Marines were organized under authority of the
- In 1871 journalist-explorer Henry M. Stanley found missing Scottish
missionary David Livingstone in central Africa.
- In 1919 the American Legion held its first national convention in
- In 1928 Hirohito was enthroned as emperor of Japan.
- In 1951 direct-dial coast-to-coast telephone service began as Mayor
M. Leslie Denning of Englewood, N.J., called the mayor of Alameda,
- In 1954 the Iwo Jima Memorial was dedicated in Arlington, Va.
- In 1975 the U.N. General Assembly approved a resolution equating
Zionism with racism; the world body repealed the resolution in
December 1991. The ore-hauling ship Edmund Fitzgerald and its crew
of 29 vanished during a storm in Lake Superior.
- In 1982 Soviet leader Leonid I. Brezhnev died at age 75; the Vietnam
Veterans Memorial was opened to visitors in Washington, D.C.
- Ten years ago: Workers began punching a hole in the Berlin Wall, a
day after East Germany abolished its border restrictions.
- Five years ago U.S. officials said the U.S. would lift the arms
embargo against the Bosnian government, despite opposition of the
U.N. Security Council. Iraq, hoping to win an end to trade sanctions,
recognized Kuwait's borders. Prominent attorney Louis Nizer died in
New York at age 92.
- One year ago the Pentagon stepped up the movement of warships to the
Persian Gulf as the Clinton administration dropped any idea of
negotiating with Iraq over its refusal to agree to U.N. weapons
- Actor Albert Hall is 62.
- Lyricist Tim Rice is 55.
- Actress Alaina Reed-Hall is 53.
- Rock singer-musician Greg Lake (Emerson, Lake and Palmer) is 51.
- Actress-dancer Ann Reinking is 50.
- Actor Jack Scalia is 48.
- Movie director Roland Emmerich ("Independence Day") is 44.
- Actor Matt Craven ("L-A Doctors") is 43.
- Actor-comedian Sinbad is 43.
- Actress Mackenzie Phillips is 40.
- Rapper-producer Warren G is 29.
- Rock musician Chris Jannou (Silverchair) is 20.
- Actress Heather Matarazzo is 17.
On Nov. 11, 1918, fighting in World War I ended with the signing of
an armistice between the Allies and Germany.
- In 1620 41 Pilgrims aboard the Mayflower, anchored off Massachusetts,
signed a compact calling for a "body politick."
- In 1831 former slave Nat Turner, who had led a violent insurrection,
was executed in Virginia.
- In 1889 Washington became the 42nd state.
- In 1921 President Harding dedicated the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier
in Arlington National Cemetery.
- In 1939 Kate Smith first sang Irving Berlin's "God Bless America" on
- In 1965 Rhodesia proclaimed its independence from Britain.
- In 1966 Gemini 12 blasted off from Cape Kennedy, Fla., with
astronauts James A. Lovell and Edwin "Buzz" Aldrin Jr. aboard.
- In 1972 the U.S. Army turned over its base at Long Bihn to the South
Vietnamese army, symbolizing the end of direct U.S. military
involvement in the Vietnam War.
- In 1992 the Church of England voted to ordain women as priests.
- In 1993 a bronze statue was dedicated in Washington, D.C., honoring
the more than 11,000 American women who served in the Vietnam War.
- Ten years ago in a telephone conversation with West German
Chancellor Helmut Kohl, East German leader Egon Krenz ruled out any
possibility of reunification.
- Five years ago a suicide bomber killed three soldiers at an Israeli
military checkpoint in Gaza.
- One year ago President Clinton ordered warships, planes and troops
to the Persian Gulf as he laid out his case for a possible attack on
Iraq. Iraq, meanwhile, showed no sign of backing down on its refusal
to deal with U.N. weapons inspectors. Israel's Cabinet narrowly
ratified a land-for-peace agreement with the Palestinians.
- Former Sen. William Proxmire, D-Wis., is 84.
- Author Kurt Vonnegut Jr. is 77.
- Comedian Jonathan Winters is 74.
- Jazz singer-musician Mose Allison is 72.
- Jazz-country musician Hank Garland is 69.
- Country singer Narvel Felts is 61.
- Sen. Barbara Boxer, D-Calif., is 59.
- Singer Jesse Colin Young is 55.
- Rock singer-musician Vince Martell (Vanilla Fudge) is 54.
- Golfer Fuzzy Zoeller is 48.
- Pop singer-musician Paul Cowsill (The Cowsills) is 47.
- Rock singer-musician Andy Partridge (XTC) is 46.
- Singer Marshall Crenshaw is 45.
- Rock singer Dave Alvin is 44.
- Rock musician Ian Marsh (Human League; Heaven 17) is 43.
- Actor Stanley Tucci is 39.
- Actress Demi Moore is 37.
- Actress Calista Flockhart is 35.
- Actor Philip McKeon is 35.
- Rock musician Scott Mercado is 35.
- Actor Leonardo DiCaprio is 25.
On Nov. 13, 1974, Karen Silkwood, a technician and union
activist at the Kerr-McGee Cimarron plutonium plant near Crescent,
Okla., was killed in a car crash.
- In 1775, during the American Revolution, U.S. forces captured
- In 1789, Benjamin Franklin wrote a letter to a friend in which
he said, "In this world nothing can be said to be certain, except
death and taxes."
- In 1927, the Holland Tunnel opened to the public, providing
access between New York City and New Jersey beneath the Hudson
- In 1942, the minimum draft age was lowered to 18 from 21.
- In 1956, the Supreme Court struck down segregation on public
- In 1969, Vice President Spiro T. Agnew, speaking in Des Moines,
Iowa, accused network TV news departments of bias and distortion
and urged viewers to lodge complaints.
- In 1977, the comic strip "Li'l Abner" by Al Capp appeared in
newspapers for the last time.
- In 1979, former California Gov. Ronald Reagan announced in New
York his candidacy for the Republican presidential nomination.
- In 1982, the Vietnam Veterans Memorial was dedicated in
- In 1985, some 23,000 people died when the city of Armero,
Colombia, was buried in a gigantic mudslide triggered by the Nevado
del Ruiz volcano.
- Ten years ago: Polish labor leader Lech Walesa received the
Medal of Freedom from President Bush during a White House ceremony.
- Five years ago: A heavily armed gunman traded fire with San
Francisco police, hitting two police officers, a paramedic and
another person before being killed. President Clinton, visiting the
Philippines, sought to assure world leaders that his party's severe
losses in midterm elections wouldn't undercut his foreign policy.
Sweden voted to join the European Union.
- One year ago: President Clinton agreed to pay Paula Jones
$850,000 - with no apology or admission of guilt - ending the
four-year legal battle over her sexual harassment lawsuit that
spurred impeachment proceedings against him.
- Actor Jack Elam is 83
- Actress Madeleine Sherwood is 77
- Actor Richard Mulligan is 67
- Producer-director Garry Marshall is 65
- Country singer-songwriter Ray Wylie Hubbard is 53
- Actor Joe Mantegna is 52
- Actress-comedian Whoopi Goldberg is 44
- Actress Caroline Goodall is 40
- Actress Tracy Scoggins is 40
- Rock musician Walter Kibby (Fishbone) is 35.
On Nov. 14, 1969, Apollo 12 blasted off for the moon.
- In 1851, Herman Melville's novel "Moby Dick" was first published in
the United States.
- In 1881, Charles J. Guiteau went on trial on charges of
assassinating President Garfield. Guiteau was convicted and hanged
the following year.
- In 1889, inspired by Jules Verne, New York World reporter Nellie
Bly set out to travel around the world in less than 80 days. She
made the trip in 72 days.
- In 1922, the British Broadcasting Corp. began radio service.
- In 1935, President Roosevelt proclaimed the Philippine Islands a
- In 1940, during World War II, German planes destroyed most of the
English town of Coventry.
- In 1944, Tommy Dorsey and Orchestra recorded "Opus No. 1" for RCA
- In 1972, the Dow Jones Industrial Average closed above the 1,000
level for the first time, ending the day at 1,003.16.
- In 1973, Britain's Princess Anne married Capt. Mark Phillips in
Westminster Abbey. They divorced in 1992, and Anne remarried.
- In 1996, Cardinal Joseph Bernardin, leader of Chicago's 2.3 million
Catholics, died at age 68.
- Ten years ago: The U.S. Navy, alarmed over a recent string of
serious accidents, ordered an unprecedented 48-hour stand-down.
- Five years ago: President Clinton, in Indonesia, met 1-on-1
with the leaders of China, Japan and South Korea, winning pledges
to keep the pressure on North Korea to freeze its nuclear weapons
program. U.S. experts visited North Korea's main nuclear complex
for the first time under an accord aimed at opening such sites to
outside inspections. Heavy rains and flooding from Tropical Storm
Gordon swept across Haiti, killing several hundred people.
- One year ago: Iraq said it would resume cooperating with U.N.
weapons inspectors, appearing to back down in the face of a
threatened U.S. attack.
- Actress Rosemary DeCamp is 89.
- Former U.N. Secretary-General Boutros Boutros-Ghali is 77.
- Actress Kathleen Hughes is 71.
- Jazz musician Ellis Marsalis is 65.
- Actor Don Stewart is 64.
- Blues singer Carey Bell is 63.
- Pop singer Freddie Garrity (Freddie & the Dreamers) is 59.
- Writer P.J. O'Rourke is 52.
- Zydeco singer-musician Buckwheat Zydeco is 52.
- Britain's Prince Charles is 51.
- Actor Robert Ginty is 51.
- Rock singer-musician James Young (Styx) is 51.
- Singer Stephen Bishop is 48.
- Actress Laura San Giacomo is 38.
- Actor D.B. Sweeney is 38.
- Rapper Run (Run-DMC) is 35.
- Actor Patrick Warburton is 35.
- Rock singer Butch Walker (Marvelous 3) is 30.
- Rock musician Nic Dalton (The Lemonheads) is 35.
- Rapper Shyheim is 22.
In 1806, explorer Zebulon Pike sighted the mountaintop now known
as Pikes Peak.
- In 1889, Brazil's monarchy was overthrown.
- In 1926, the National Broadcasting Co. debuted with a radio
network of 24 stations.
- In 1939, President Roosevelt laid the cornerstone of the
Jefferson Memorial in Washington, D.C.
- In 1940, the first 75,000 men were called to armed forces duty
under peacetime conscription.
- In 1966, the flight of Gemini 12 ended successfully as
astronauts James A. Lovell and Edwin "Buzz" Aldrin Jr. splashed
down safely in the Atlantic.
- In 1969, 250,000 protesters staged a peaceful demonstration in
Washington against the Vietnam War.
- In 1979, the British government publicly identified Sir Anthony
Blunt as the "fourth man" of a Soviet spy ring that included Guy
Burgess, Donald Maclean and Kim Philby.
- In 1982, funeral services were held in Moscow's Red Square for
Soviet President Leonid I. Brezhnev.
- In 1985, Britain and Ireland signed an accord giving Dublin an
official consultative role in governing Northern Ireland.
- Ten years ago: Solidarity leader Lech Walesa was cheered by
American lawmakers as he told a joint meeting of Congress that U.S.
aid to Poland "will not be wasted, and will never be forgotten."
- Five years ago: The Federal Reserve increased key interest rates
by 0.75%, the largest hike in 13 years. The 18-member
Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation group concluded a two-day summit
in Indonesia by adopting a sweeping resolution to remove trade and
investment barriers in the region by 2020.
- One year ago: Kwame Ture, the civil rights activist formerly
known as Stokely Carmichael, died in Guinea at age 57.
- Judge Joseph Wapner is 80.
- Former White House Chief of Staff Howard H. Baker Jr. is 74.
- Actor Ed Asner is 70.
- Actor Whitman Mayo is 69.
- Singer Petula Clark is 67.
- Comedian Jack Burns is 66.
- Actress Joanna Barnes is 65.
- Actor Sam Waterston is 59.
- Pop singer Frida (ABBA) is 54.
- Singer Janet Lennon (The Lennon Sisters) is 53.
- Singer Alexander O'Neal is 46.
- Rock singer-producer Mitch Easter is 45.
- Actress Beverly D'Angelo is 45.
- Bandleader Kevin Eubanks ("Tonight Show") is 42.
- Rapper E-40 is 32.
- Rapper ODB (Wu Tang Clan) is 31.
- Country singer Jack Ingram is 29.
On Nov. 16, 1959, the Rodgers and Hammerstein musical "The Sound of
Music" opened on Broadway.
- In 1776 British troops captured Fort Washington during the American
- In 1864 Union Gen. William T. Sherman and his troops began their
"March to the Sea" during the Civil War.
- In 1885 Canadian rebel Louis Riel was executed for high treason.
- In 1907 Oklahoma became the 46th state of the union.
- In 1933 the U.S. and the Soviet Union established diplomatic
- In 1961 House Speaker Samuel T. Rayburn died in Bonham, Texas; he
had served as speaker since 1940 except for two terms.
- In 1966 Dr. Samuel H. Sheppard was acquitted in his second trial of
charges he murdered his pregnant wife, Marilyn, in 1954.
- In 1973 Skylab III carrying a crew of three astronauts, was launched
from Cape Canaveral, Fla., on an 84-day mission. President Nixon
signed the Alaska Pipeline measure into law.
- In 1982 a contract agreement was announced in the 57th day of a
strike by National Football League players.
- Ten years ago six Jesuit priests and two other people were slain by
uniformed gunmen at the Jose Simeon Canas University in El Salvador
in an attack later blamed on army troops.
- Five years ago the government reported consumer prices rose 0.1% in
October. A federal judge issued a temporary restraining order
prohibiting the state of California from implementing most provisions
of Proposition 187, the voter-approved measure that would deny most
public services to illegal aliens.
- One year ago the Supreme Court ruled that union members can file
discrimination lawsuits against employers even when labor contracts
require arbitration. House Democrats re-elected Dick Gephardt as
- Actor Clu Gulager is 71.
- Blues musician Hubert Sumlin is 68.
- Journalist Elizabeth Drew is 64.
- Actress Joanna Pettet is 55.
- Actor Steve Railsback is 51.
- Actor David Leisure is 49.
- Rock musician Mani (The Stone Roses) is 37.
- Tennis player Zina Garrison is 36.
- Baseball player Dwight Gooden is 35.
- Actress Lisa Bonet is 32.
- Rhythm-and-blues singer Bryan Abrams (Color Me Badd) is 30.
- Actress Tammy Lauren ("Martial Law") is 30.
- Actress Martha Plimpton is 29.
- Olympic gold medal figure skater Oksana Baiul is 22.
In 1558 Elizabeth I ascended the English throne upon the death of
- In 1800 Congress first met in Washington in the partially completed
- In 1869 the Suez Canal opened in Egypt.
- In 1917 sculptor August Rodin died in Meudon, France.
- In 1934 Lyndon Baines Johnson married Claudia Alta Taylor, better
known as "Lady Bird."
- In 1962 Washington's Dulles International Airport was dedicated by
- In 1968 NBC-TV outraged football fans by cutting away from a New
York Jets-Oakland Raiders game to begin the scheduled TV special
"Heidi." Viewers were deprived of seeing the Raiders come from
behind and beat the Jets, 43-32.
- In 1970 the Soviet Union landed an unmanned, remote-controlled
vehicle on the moon, the Lunokhod I.
- In 1973 President Nixon told Associated Press managing editors
meeting in Orlando, Fla., "People have got to know whether or not
their president is a crook. Well, I'm not a crook."
- In 1997 62 people, most of them foreign tourists, were killed when
six militants opened fire at the Temple of Hatshepsut in Luxor,
Egypt; the attackers were killed by police.
- Ten years ago the Senate Ethics Committee hired an outside counsel
to look into allegations of improprieties against six senators.
- Five years ago Francisco Martin Duran, the Colorado man accused of
an assault-rifle attack on the White House, was indicted on a new
charge of trying to assassinate President Clinton. The Andrew Lloyd
Webber musical "Sunset Boulevard" opened on Broadway with Glenn
Close as faded movie star Norma Desmond.
- One year ago the House Judiciary Committee released 22 hours of
telephone tape recordings secretly made of Monica Lewinsky by Linda
Tripp. Israel's parliament overwhelmingly approved the Wye River
land-for-peace accord with the Palestinians. Actress Esther Rolle
died in Culver City, Calif., at age 78.
- Olympian-turned-politician Bob Mathias is 69.
- Singer Gordon Lightfoot is 61.
- Movie director Martin Scorsese is 57.
- Actress Lauren Hutton is 55.
- Actor-director Danny DeVito is 55.
- "Saturday Night Live" producer Lorne Michaels is 55.
- Baseball Hall of Famer Tom Seaver is 55.
- Movie director Roland Joffe ("The Killing Fields") is 54.
- Vermont Gov. Howard Dean is 51.
- Actress Mary Elizabeth Mastrantonio is 41.
- Actor William Moses is 40.
- Entertainer RuPaul is 39.
- Actor Dylan Walsh is 36.
- Actress-model Daisy Fuentes is 33.
- Singer Ronnie DeVoe (New Edition; Bell Biv DeVoe) is 32.
- Musician Jeff Allen (Mint Condition) is 31.
- Actress Leslie Bibb is 26.
- Actor Brandon Call is 23.
- Rock musician Isaac Hanson (Hanson) is 19.
- Actor Justin Cooper is 11.
On Nov. 18, 1949, Jackie Robinson of the Brooklyn Dodgers was
named the National League's Most Valuable Player.
- In 1820, U.S. Navy Capt. Nathaniel B. Palmer discovered the
frozen continent of Antarctica.
- In 1883, the United States and Canada adopted a system of
Standard Time zones.
- In 1886, the 21st president of the United States, Chester A.
Arthur, died in New York at age 56.
- In 1899, music conductor Eugene Ormandy was born in Budapest,
- In 1928, the first successful sound-synchronized animated
cartoon, Walt Disney's "Steamboat Willie," starring Mickey Mouse,
premiered in New York.
- In 1936, Germany and Italy recognized the Spanish government of
- In 1959, "Ben-Hur," the Biblical-era movie spectacle starring
Charlton Heston, had its world premiere in New York.
- In 1969, financier-diplomat Joseph P. Kennedy died in Hyannis
Port, Mass., at age 81.
- In 1978, California Congressman Leo J. Ryan and four other
people were killed in Jonestown, Guyana, by members of the Peoples
Temple; the killings were followed by a night of mass murder and
suicide among 912 cult members.
- In 1987, the congressional Iran-Contra committees issued their
final report, saying President Reagan bore "ultimate
responsibility" for wrongdoing by his aides.
- Ten years ago: Longshoreman Buck Helm died at a hospital in
Oakland, almost a month after he was pulled from a section of the
Nimitz Freeway flattened by the northern California earthquake.
- Five years ago: Fifteen people were killed and more than 150
wounded when Palestinian police opened fire on rioting worshippers
outside a mosque in the Gaza Strip. The Commerce Department
reported that America's trade deficit worsened to $10.13 billion in
September. Bandleader Cab Calloway died in Hockessin, Del., at age
- One year ago: House Republicans endorsed Bob Livingston of
Louisiana as their next speaker, succeeding Newt Gingrich. However,
Livingston resigned from the House before he could take over the
speakership after admitting to marital infidelities.
- Actress-comedian Imogene Coca is 91.
- Sen. Ted Stevens, R-Alaska, is 76.
- Actor Brad Sullivan is 68.
- Singer Hank Ballard is 63.
- Actress Brenda Vaccaro is 60.
- Actress Linda Evans is 57.
- Actress Susan Sullivan is 55.
- Country singer Jacky Ward is 53.
- Actor Jameson Parker is 52.
- Actress-singer Andrea Marcovicci is 51.
- Rock musician Herman Rarebell (The Scorpions) is 50.
- Singer Graham Parker is 49.
- Comedian Kevin Nealon is 46.
- Actress Elizabeth Perkins is 39.
- Singer Kim Wilde is 39.
- Rock musician Kirk Hammett (Metallica) is 37.
- Rock singer Tim DeLaughter (Tripping Daisy) is 34.
- Singer Duncan Sheik is 30.
On Nov. 19, 1863, President Lincoln delivered the Gettysburg Address
as he dedicated a national cemetery at the site of the Civil War
battlefield in Pennsylvania.
- In 1794, the United States and Britain signed the Jay Treaty, which
resolved some issues left from the Revolutionary War.
- In 1831, the 20th president of the United States, James Garfield,
was born in Orange, Ohio.
- In 1919, the Senate rejected the Treaty of Versailles by a vote of
55-39, short of the two-thirds majority needed for ratification.
- In 1942, during World War II, Russian forces launched their winter
offensive against the Germans along the Don front.
- In 1949, Monaco's coronation for its new ruler, Prince Rainier III,
took place six months after he succeeded his grandfather, Prince
- In 1959, Ford Motor Co. announced it was halting production of the
- In 1969, Apollo 12 astronauts Charles Conrad and Alan Bean made
man's second landing on the moon.
- In 1977, Egyptian President Anwar Sadat became the first Arab leader
to visit Israel.
- In 1985, President Reagan and Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev met
for the first time as they began their summit in Geneva.
- In 1988, shipping heiress Christina Onassis died in Buenos Aires,
Argentina, at age 37.
- Ten years ago: Funeral services were held in El Salvador for six
Jesuit priests slain by uniformed gunmen.
- Five years ago: The U.N. Security Council, anxious to stop Serb
attacks on the "safe area" of Bihac in northwest Bosnia, authorized
NATO to bomb rebel Serb forces striking from neighboring Croatia.
- One year ago: Independent Counsel Kenneth Starr laid out his
evidence against President Clinton, then defended his investigation
under withering questions from Democrats, during a daylong
appearance before the House Judiciary Committee. Movie director Alan
Pakula died in a car accident on Long Island, N.Y., at age 70.
- Actor Alan Young is 80.
- Former U.N. Ambassador Jeane Kirkpatrick is 73.
- Talk show host Larry King is 66.
- Talk show host Dick Cavett is 63.
- Broadcasting and sports mogul Ted Turner is 61.
- Singer Pete Moore (Smokey Robinson and the Miracles) is 60.
- Sen. Thomas R. Harkin, D-Iowa, is 60.
- TV journalist Garrick Utley is 60.
- Actor Dan Haggerty is 58.
- Wisconsin Gov. Tommy Thompson is 58.
- Fashion designer Calvin Klein is 57.
- Sportscaster Ahmad Rashad is 50.
- Actress Kathleen Quinlan is 45.
- Actress Glynnis O'Connor is 44.
- Actor Scott Jacoby is 43.
- Rock musician Matt Sorum (The Cult; Guns N' Roses) is 39.
- Actress Meg Ryan is 38.
- Actress-director Jodie Foster is 37.
- Actress Terry Farrell is 36.
- Actor Jason Scott Lee is 33.
- Olympic gold medal runner Gail Devers is 33.
- Rock musician Travis McNabb (Better Than Ezra) is 30.
- Singer Tony Rich is 28.
- Dancer-choreographer Savion Glover is 26.
- Rhythm-and-blues singer Tamika Scott (Xscape) is 24.
On Nov. 20, 1947, Britain's future queen, Princess Elizabeth,
married Philip Mountbatten, Duke of Edinburgh, in a ceremony
broadcast worldwide from Westminster Abbey.
- In 1789 New Jersey became the first state to ratify the Bill of
- In 1910 revolution broke out in Mexico, led by Francisco I. Madero.
- In 1925 Robert F. Kennedy was born in Brookline, Mass.
- In 1929 the radio program "The Rise of the Goldbergs" debuted on the
NBC Blue Network.
- In 1945 24 Nazi leaders went on trial before an international war
crimes tribunal in Nuremberg, Germany.
- In 1959 the U.N. issued its "Declaration of the Rights of the Child.
- In 1967 the Census Clock at the Commerce Department ticked past 200
- In 1969 the Nixon administration announced a halt to residential use
of the pesticide DDT as part of a total phaseout.
- In 1975 after nearly four decades of absolute rule, Spain's Gen.
Francisco Franco died, two weeks before his 83rd birthday.
- In 1977 Egyptian President Anwar Sadat became the first Arab leader
to address Israel's parliament.
- Ten years ago more than 200,000 people rallied peacefully in Prague,
Czechoslovakia, demanding democratic reforms and the ouster of
Communist Party leader Milos Jakes.
- Five years ago the Angolan government and rebels signed a treaty in
Zambia to end 19 years of war, even as fighting continued in their
- One year ago 46 states embraced a $206 billion settlement with
cigarette makers over health costs for treating sick smokers.
President Clinton wrapped up a visit to Japan and flew to South
Korea. Israel turned over an additional 2% of the West Bank to the
- Author and TV personality Alistair Cooke is 91.
- Sen. Robert Byrd, D-W.Va., is 82.
- Actress Evelyn Keyes is 80.
- Economist Beryl Sprinkel is 76.
- Actress-comedian Kaye Ballard is 73.
- Actress Estelle Parsons is 72.
- TV personality Richard Dawson is 67.
- Comedian Dick Smothers is 60.
- Singer Kim Weston is 60.
- Singer Norman Greenbaum is 57.
- Sen. Joseph Biden, D-Del., is 57.
- Actress Veronica Hamel is 56.
- Broadcast journalist Judy Woodruff is 53.
- Singer Joe Walsh is 52.
- Actor Richard Masur is 51.
- Actress Bo Derek is 43.
- Reggae musician Jim Brown (UB40) is 42.
- Actress Sean Young is 40.
- Rock musician Todd Nance (Widespread Panic) is 37.
- Rapper Mike D (The Beastie Boys) is 34.
- Rapper Sen Dog (Cypress Hill) is 34.
- Actress Ming-Na Wen is 32.
- Rapper Phife Dog is 29.
- Actress Marisa Ryan is 25.
On Nov. 21, 1789, North Carolina became the 12th state to
ratify the U.S. Constitution.
- In 1877, inventor Thomas A. Edison announced the invention of
- In 1899, Vice President Garret A. Hobart, serving under
President McKinley, died in Paterson, N.J., at age 55.
- In 1922, Rebecca L. Felton of Georgia was sworn in as the first
woman in the U.S. Senate.
- In 1942, the Alaska highway across Canada was formally opened.
- In 1964, New York's Verrazano Narrows Bridge opened.
- In 1969, the Senate voted down the Supreme Court nomination of
Clement F. Haynsworth, the first such rejection since 1930.
- In 1973, President Nixon's attorney, J. Fred Buzhardt, revealed
the existence of an 18-minute gap in one of the White House
tapes related to Watergate.
- In 1979, a mob attacked the U.S. Embassy in Islamabad,
Pakistan, killing two Americans.
- In 1980, 87 people died in a fire at the MGM Grand Hotel-Casino
in Las Vegas, Nev.
- In 1985, former U.S. Navy intelligence analyst Jonathan Jay
Pollard was arrested, accused of spying for Israel. He later
pleaded guilty and was sentenced to life in prison.
- Ten years ago: The proceedings of Britain's House of Commons
were televised live for the first time.
- Five years ago: Sen. Jesse Helms, R-N.C., remarked in a
newspaper interview that President Clinton "better have a
bodyguard" if he were to visit North Carolina; Helms later
called his comment a mistake.
- One year ago: President Clinton, visiting South Korea, warned
North Korea to forsake nuclear weapons and urged the North to
seize a "historic opportunity" for peace with the South.
- Baseball Hall of Famer Stan Musial is 79.
- Country singer Jean Shepard is 66.
- Actor Laurence Luckinbill is 65.
- Actress Marlo Thomas is 62.
- Ballet dancer Natalia Makarova is 59.
- Singer Dr. John is 59.
- Actress Juliet Mills is 58.
- Comedian-director Harold Ramis is 55.
- Television producer Marcy Carsey is 55.
- Actress Goldie Hawn is 54.
- Movie director Andrew Davis is 53.
- Rock musician Lonnie Jordan (War) is 51.
- Singer Livingston Taylor is 49.
- Actress-singer Lorna Luft is 47.
- Actress Cherry Jones is 43.
- Rock musician Brian Ritchie (Violent Femmes) is 39.
- Gospel singer Steven Curtis Chapman is 37.
- Actress Nicollette Sheridan is 36.
- Pop singer Bjork is 34.
- Football player Troy Aikman is 33.
- Rhythm-and-blues singer Chauncey Hannibal (BLACKstreet) is 31.
- Rock musician Alex James (Blur) is 31.
- Baseball player Ken Griffey Jr. is 30.
- Rapper Pretty Lou (Lost Boyz) is 28.
- Country singer Kelsi Osborn (SHeDAISY) is 25.
- Actress Jena Malone is 15.
On Nov. 22, 1963, President Kennedy was shot to death while
riding in a motorcade in Dallas. Texas Gov. John B. Connally,
in the same limousine as Kennedy, was seriously wounded. Lee
Harvey Oswald, suspected of assassinating the president, was
- In 1718, English pirate Edward Teach, better known as
"Blackbeard," was killed during a battle off the Virginia
- In 1890, French president Charles de Gaulle was born in Lille,
- In 1906, the "SOS" distress signal was adopted at the
International Radio Telegraphic Convention in Berlin.
- In 1928, "Bolero" by Maurice Ravel made its debut in Paris.
- In 1943, President Roosevelt, British Prime Minister Winston
Churchill and Chinese leader Chiang Kai-shek met in Cairo to
discuss measures for defeating Japan.
- In 1943, lyricist Lorenz Hart died in New York at age 48.
- In 1965, the musical "Man of La Mancha" opened in New York.
- In 1975, Juan Carlos was proclaimed King of Spain.
- In 1977, regular passenger service between New York and Europe
on the supersonic Concorde began on a trial basis.
- In 1980, actress Mae West died in Hollywood at age 87.
- Ten years ago: President Rene Moawad of Lebanon was
assassinated less than three weeks after taking office. The
space shuttle Discovery blasted off at night.
- Five years ago: A gunman opened fire inside the District of
Columbia's police headquarters; the ensuing gunbattle left two
FBI agents, a city detective and the gunman dead. Serb fighters
in northwest Bosnia set villages ablaze in response to a
retaliatory airstrike by NATO.
- One year ago: The CBS News program "60 Minutes" showed
videotape of Dr. Jack Kevorkian giving lethal drugs to Thomas
Youk, a terminally ill patient. Kevorkian, an advocate of
assisted suicide, challenged prosecutors to arrest him and
later was sentenced to up to 25 years in prison for
- Former Sen. Claiborne Pell, D-R.I., is 81.
- Comedian Rodney Dangerfield is 78.
- Movie director Arthur Hiller is 76.
- Actor Robert Vaughn is 67.
- Actor Michael Callan is 64.
- Actor Allen Garfield is 60.
- Animator and movie director Terry Gilliam is 59.
- Actor Tom Conti is 58.
- Astronaut Guion S. Bluford is 57.
- Tennis player Billie Jean King is 56.
- Rock musician Tina Weymouth (Talking Heads) is 49.
- Baseball player Greg Luzinski is 49.
- Actor Richard Kind is 43.
- Actress Jamie Lee Curtis is 41.
- Rock singer Jason Ringenberg (Jason & the Scorchers) is 41.
- Actress Mariel Hemingway is 38.
- Actor Stephen Geoffreys is 35.
- Actor Nicholas Rowe is 33.
- Tennis player Boris Becker is 32.
- Actress Scarlett Johansson is 15.
In 1765, Frederick County, Md., repudiated the British Stamp Act.
- In 1804, the 14th president of the United States, Franklin Pierce,
was born in Hillsboro, N.H.
- In 1889, the first jukebox made its debut in San Francisco, at the
Palais Royale Saloon.
- In 1936, Life magazine, created by Henry R. Luce, was first
- In 1943, during World War II, U.S. forces seized control of Tarawa
and Makin atolls from the Japanese.
- In 1945, most U.S. wartime rationing of foods, including meat and
- In 1959, the musical "Fiorello," with music by Jerry Bock and lyrics
by Sheldon Harnick, opened on Broadway.
- In 1971, the People's Republic of China was seated in the U.N.
- In 1980, some 4,800 people were killed by a series of earthquakes
that devastated southern Italy.
- In 1996, a hijacked Ethiopian Airlines Boeing 767 crashed off the
Comoros Islands, killing 125 of the 175 people on board.
- Ten years ago: Lucia Barrera de Cerna, a housekeeper who said she
had witnessed the slaying of six Jesuit priests and two other people
at the Jose Simeon Canas University in El Salvador, was flown to the
U.S. under heavy security.
- Five years ago: NATO warplanes blasted Serb missile batteries in two
air raids while Bosnian Serb fighters, for the first time, broke
into the U.N.-designated safe haven of Bihac.
- One year ago: Whitewater figure Susan McDougal was acquitted in
Santa Monica, Calif., of embezzling from conductor Zubin Mehta and
his wife. McDougal said the case was trumped up to pressure her to
testify against President Clinton.
- Actor Michael Gough is 82.
- Broadway composer Jerry Bock is 71.
- Former Labor Secretary William E. Brock is 69.
- Singer Betty Everett is 60.
- Actor Franco Nero is 58.
- Screenwriter Joe Eszterhas is 55.
- Actress Susan Anspach is 54.
- Actor Steve Landesberg is 54.
- Singer Bruce Hornsby is 45.
- Actor Maxwell Caulfield is 40.
- Actor John Henton is 39.
- Rock singer-musician Ken Block (Sister Hazel) is 33.
- Rock musician Charlie Grover (Sponge) is 33.
- Rapper Kurupt (Tha Dogg Pound) is 27.
On Nov. 24, 1963, Jack Ruby shot and mortally wounded Lee Harvey
Oswald, the accused assassin of President Kennedy, in a scene
captured on TV.
- In 1784 Zachary Taylor, the 12th president of the U.S., was born in
Orange County, Va.
- In 1859 British naturalist Charles Darwin published "On the Origin
of Species," which explained his theory of evolution.
- In 1863 the Civil War battle for Lookout Mountain began in Tennessee;
Union forces took the mountain two days later.
- In 1871 the National Rifle Association was incorporated.
- In 1947 a group of writers, producers and directors that became
known as the "Hollywood Ten" was cited for contempt of Congress for
refusing to answer questions about alleged Communist influence in
the movie industry. John Steinbeck's novel "The Pearl" was first
- In 1969 Apollo 12 splashed down safely in the Pacific.
- In 1971 hijacker D.B. Cooper parachuted from a Northwest Airlines
727 over Washington state with $200,000 in ransom; his fate remains
- In 1985 the hijacking of an Egyptair jetliner parked on the ground
in Malta ended with 60 deaths when Egyptian commandos stormed the
plane; two of the dead were shot by the hijackers.
- In 1987 the U.S. and the Soviet Union agreed to scrap shorter- and
- Ten years ago Czechoslovakia's hard-line party leadership resigned
after more than a week of protests against its policies.
- Five years ago rebel Serbs refused to withdraw from the U.N.
designated safe area around Bihac and continued to advance on the
city, despite recent NATO air strikes.
- One year ago America Online confirmed it was buying Netscape
Communications in a deal ultimately worth $10 billion. The first
Palestine Airlines flight touched down at Gaza International
Airport. A funeral was held in St. Petersburg for liberal Russian
lawmaker Galina Starovoitova, who had been assassinated four days
- Columnist William F. Buckley is 74.
- Country singer Johnny Carver is 59.
- Rock'n'roll drummer Pete Best is 58.
- Rock musician Donald "Duck" Dunn (Booker T. & the MG's) is 58.
- Actor-comedian Billy Connolly is 57.
- Former White House news secretary Marlin Fitzwater is 57.
- Agriculture Secretary Dan Glickman is 55.
- Singer Lee Michaels is 54.
- Actor Dwight Schultz is 52.
- Actor Stanley Livingston is 49.
- Rock musician Clem Burke (Blondie) is 44.
- Record producer Terry Lewis is 43.
- Actress Denise Crosby is 42.
- Rock musician John Squire (The Stone Roses) is 37.
- Rock musician Gary Stonadge (Big Audio) is 37.
- Rock musician Chad Taylor (Live) is 29.
- Actor Colin Hanks ("Roswell") is 22.
- Actress Katherine Heigl ("Roswell") is 21.
In 1789, a day of thanksgiving was set aside by President Washington
to observe the adoption of the Constitution.
- In 1832, public streetcar service began in New York City. The fare
was 12 1/2 cents.
- In 1825, the first college social fraternity - Kappa Alpha - was
formed at Union College in Schenectady, N.Y.
- In 1940, the 500,000 Jews of Warsaw, Poland, were forced by the
Nazis to live within a walled ghetto.
- In 1942, the motion picture "Casablanca," starring Humphrey Bogart
and Ingrid Bergman, had its world premiere at the Hollywood Theater
in New York.
- In 1942, President Roosevelt ordered nationwide gasoline rationing.
- In 1950, China entered the Korean conflict, launching a
counter-offensive against soldiers from the United Nations, the
United States and South Korea.
- In 1965, France launched its first satellite, sending a 92-pound
capsule into orbit.
- In 1973, President Nixon's personal secretary, Rose Mary Woods, told
a federal court that she had accidentally caused part of the
18-1/2-minute gap in a key Watergate tape.
- In 1975, a federal jury in Sacramento, Calif., found Lynette Fromme,
a follower of Charles Manson, guilty of trying to assassinate
- In 1986, President Reagan appointed a commission headed by former
Sen. John Tower to investigate his National Security Council staff
in the aftermath of the Iran-Contra affair.
- In 1989, The U.S. denied an entry visa to PLO Chairman Yasser
Arafat, who was seeking permission to travel to New York to address
- In 1998, Under heavy international pressure, Iraqi President Saddam
Hussein said he would allow visits to presidential palaces where
U.N. weapons experts suspected he might be hiding chemical and
biological weapons. In a small but symbolic step, the United States
and North Korea held high-level discussions at the State Department
for the first time.
- Cartoonist Charles M. Schulz is 77.
- Singer Robert Goulet is 66.
- Impressionist Rich Little is 61.
- Singer Tina Turner is 60.
- Singer Jean Terrell is 55.
- Rock musician John McVie (Fleetwood Mac) is 54.
- Actress Jamie Rose is 40.
- Country singer Linda Davis is 37.
- Country singer-musician Steve Grisaffe (River Road) is 34.
- Actress Maia Campbell is 23.
In 1978, San Francisco Mayor George Moscone and City Supervisor
Harvey Milk, a gay-rights activist, were shot to death inside city
hall by former supervisor Dan White.
- In 1839, the American Statistical Association was founded in Boston.
- In 1901, Army War College was established in Washington, D.C.
- In 1910, New York's Pennsylvania Station opened.
- In 1939, the play "Key Largo," by Maxwell Anderson, opened at the
Ethel Barrymore Theater in New York.
- In 1942, during World War II, the French navy at Toulon scuttled its
ships and submarines to keep them out of the hands of the Nazis.
- In 1953, playwright Eugene O'Neill died in Boston at age 65.
- In 1970, Pope Paul VI, visiting the Philippines, was slightly
wounded at the Manila airport by a dagger-wielding Bolivian painter
disguised as a priest.
- In 1973, the Senate voted 92-3 to confirm Gerald Ford as vice
president, succeeding Spiro T. Agnew, who had resigned.
- In 1983, 183 people were killed when a Colombian Avianca Airlines
Boeing 747 crashed near Madrid's Barajas airport.
- In 1985, the British House of Commons approved the Anglo-Irish
accord giving Dublin a consultative role in the governing of
British-ruled Northern Ireland.
- In 1989, the United States was hit by a flood of worldwide criticism
for its refusal a day earlier to allow PLO Chairman Yasser Arafat to
address the United Nations. Actor John Carradine, known for his
roles in horror films, died in Milan, Italy, at age 82.
- In 1994, President Clinton said enacting comprehensive anti-crime
legislation was the first priority for 1994, saying, "We have to be
concerned that in both our cities and our rural areas, the value of
life has been cheapened."
- In 1998, a day after saying it would open its presidential palaces
to international observers, Iraq declared that U.N. weapons monitors
were not included in the invitation.
- Broadway producer David Merrick is 87.
- Former Treasury Secretary William Simon is 72.
- Actor James Avery is 51.
- Rock musician Charlie Burchill (Simple Minds) is 40.
- Rock musician Charlie Benante (Anthrax) is 37.
- Rock musician Mike Bordin (Faith No More) is 37.
- Actor Fisher Stevens is 36.
- Actress Robin Givens is 35.
- Rapper Skoob (DAS EFX) is 29.
- Black Entertainment Television host Rachel is 27.
- Actor Jaleel White is 23.
In 1520, Portuguese navigator Ferdinand Magellan reached the Pacific
Ocean after passing through the South American strait that now bears
- In 1895, the first automobile race took place between Chicago and
Waukegan, Ill. The winner was James Franklin Duryea, who won $2,000
from the Chicago Times-Herald.
- In 1925, the Grand Ole Opry, Nashville's home of country music, made
its radio debut on station WSM.
- In 1942, nearly 500 people died in a fire that destroyed the
Cocoanut Grove nightclub in Boston.
- In 1943, President Roosevelt, British Prime Minister Winston
Churchill and Soviet leader Josef Stalin met in Tehran during World
- In 1958, the African nation of Chad became an autonomous republic
within the French community.
- In 1964, the United States launched the space probe Mariner 4 on a
course to Mars.
- In 1975, President Ford nominated Federal Judge John Paul Stevens to
the U.S. Supreme Court seat vacated by William Douglas.
- In 1987, a South African Airways Boeing 747 crashed into the Indian
Ocean with the loss of all 159 people aboard.
- In 1990, Margaret Thatcher resigned as prime minister of Britain.
Queen Elizabeth II, conferred the premiership on John Major.
- In 1994, serial killer Jeffrey Dahmer was killed in a Wisconsin
prison by a fellow inmate.
- In 1989, Major U.S. banks boosted their prime lending rates half a
percentage point to 10.5%. President-elect Bush announced that
Marlin Fitzwater, President Reagan's chief spokesman, was staying on
for his administration.
- In 1994, the British government confirmed reports of contacts with
the Irish Republican Army that were aimed at ending the violence in
British-ruled Northern Ireland. TV personality Garry Moore died on
South Carolina's Hilton Head island, at age 78.
- In 1998, India's powerful Congress Party withdrew its support from
India's ruling coalition, forcing Prime Minister Inder Kumar Gujral
- Recording executive Berry Gordy Jr. is 70.
- Actress Hope Lange is 68.
- Former Sen. Gary Hart, D-Colo., is 63.
- Movie director Michael Ritchie is 61.
- Singer-songwriter Bruce Channel is 59.
- Singer Randy Newman is 56.
- Movie director Joe Dante is 53.
- CBS News correspondent Susan Spencer is 53.
- "Late Show" orchestra leader Paul Shaffer is 50.
- Actor Ed Harris is 49.
- Actress S. Epatha Merkerson is 47.
- Country singer Kristine Arnold (Sweethearts of the Rodeo) is 43.
- Actor Judd Nelson is 40.
- Rock musician Matt Cameron (Soundgarden) is 37.
- Comedian-talk show host Jon Stewart is 37.
- Rhythm-and-blues singer Dawn Robinson (formerly of En Vogue) is 31.
In 1775, Sir James Jay invented invisible ink.
- In 1825, the first Italian opera produced in the United States, "The
Barber of Seville," was performed in New York City.
- In 1870, compulsory education was proclaimed in England.
- In 1890, the first Army-Navy football game was played at West Point,
N.Y. The midshipmen from Annapolis shut out the cadets, 24-0.
- In 1897, the first motorcycle race was held in Surrey, England.
- In 1933, the first state liquor stores were authorized in
- In 1934, the marriage of England's Duke of Kent and Princess Marina
became the first royal wedding to be broadcast on television.
- In 1934, the Detroit Lions played their first traditional
Thanksgiving Day home game and lost to the Chicago Bears, 19-16.
- In 1947, the U.N. General Assembly passed a resolution calling for
the partitioning of Palestine between Arabs and Jews.
- In 1948, "Kukla, Fran and Ollie" debuted on NBC.
- In 1951, the first underground atomic explosion occurred at
Frenchman Flat, Nev.
- In 1953, American Airlines instituted the first regular commercial
continental air service from Los Angeles to New York.
- In 1962, Great Britain and France decided to jointly build the
supersonic airliner Concorde.
- In 1963, Chief Justice Earl Warren was appointed to head the
commission on investigating the assassination of President Kennedy.
- In 1964, the U.S. Roman Catholic Church instituted sweeping changes
in the liturgy, including the use of English instead of Latin.
- In 1975, legislation requiring states to provide free education for
the handicapped from ages 3 to 21 was signed by President Ford.
- In 1989, India president Rajiv Gandhi resigned.
- In 1994, Seoul, Korea, celebrated the 600th anniversary of its
- In 1995, CNNfn, the financial network by Turner Enterprises, was
- Sportscaster Vin Scully is 72.
- Actress Diane Ladd is 67.
- Blues singer-musician John Mayall is 66.
- Jazz musician Chuck Mangione is 59.
- Olympic skier Suzy Chaffee is 53.
- Comedian-actor Garry Shandling is 50.
- Film producer-screenwriter Joel Coen is 45.
- Comedian-talk show host Howie Mandel is 44.
- Actress Cathy Moriarty is 39.
- Actor Andrew McCarthy is 37.
- Actor Don Cheadle is 35.
- Actress Kim Delaney is 35.
- Actress Ellen Cleghorne is 34.
- Actress-model Gena Lee Nolin is 28.
- Actor Lucas Black is 17.
On Nov. 29, 1952, President-elect Dwight D. Eisenhower kept his
campaign promise to visit Korea to assess the ongoing conflict.
- In 1530, Cardinal Thomas Wolsey, onetime adviser to England's
King Henry VIII, died.
- In 1890, the Imperial Diet, forerunner of Japan's national
legislature, opened its first session, four days after its
members were summoned by Emperor Meiji.
- In 1924, Italian composer Giacomo Puccini died in Brussels
before he could complete his opera "Turandot." It was finished
by Franco Alfano.
- In 1929, Navy Lt. Cmdr. Richard E. Byrd radioed that he had
flown over the South Pole, the first person to do so.
- In 1947, the U.N. General Assembly passed a resolution to
partition Palestine between Arabs and Jews.
- In 1961, "Enos" the chimp was launched from Cape Canaveral
aboard the Mercury-Atlas V spacecraft, which orbited earth
twice before returning.
- In 1963, President Johnson named a commission headed by Earl
Warren to investigate the assassination of President Kennedy.
- In 1967, Secretary of Defense Robert S. McNamara announced he
was leaving the Johnson administration to become president of
the World Bank.
- In 1981, actress Natalie Wood drowned in a boating accident off
Santa Catalina Island, Calif., at age 43.
- In 1986, actor Cary Grant died in Davenport, Iowa, at age 82.
- Ten years ago: In response to a growing pro-democracy movement
in Czechoslovakia, the Communist-run parliament ended the
party's 40-year monopoly on power.
- Five years ago: The House passed, 288-146, the revised General
Agreement on Tariffs and Trade. Fighter jets attacked the
capital of Chechnya and its airport hours after Russian
President Boris Yeltsin demanded the breakaway republic end its
- One year ago: Swiss voters overwhelmingly rejected legalizing
heroin and other narcotics.
- Hall of Fame sportscaster Vin Scully is 72.
- Former Sen. Paul Simon, D-Ill., is 71.
- Blues singer-musician John Mayall is 66.
- Composer-musician Chuck Mangione is 59.
- Pop singer Denny Doherty (The Mamas & the Papas) is 58.
- Country singer Jody Miller is 58.
- Actress Diane Ladd is 56.
- Pop singer-musician Felix Cavaliere (The Rascals) is 55.
- Skier Suzy Chaffee is 53.
- Comedian Garry Shandling is 50.
- Movie director Joel Coen is 45.
- Actor-comedian Howie Mandel is 44.
- Actor Jeff Fahey is 42.
- Actress Cathy Moriarty is 39.
- Actor Andrew McCarthy is 37.
- Actress Kim Delaney is 35.
- Actor Don Cheadle is 35.
- Actor-producer Neill Barry is 34.
- Musician Wallis Buchanan (Jamiroquai) is 34.
- Pop singer Jonathan Knight (New Kids on the Block) is 31.
- Rock musician Martin Carr (Boo Radleys) is 31.
- Actress Gena Lee Nolin is 28.
Today is Tuesday, Nov. 30, the 334th day of 1999. There are 31 days
left in the year.
- On Nov. 30, 1782, the U.S. and Britain signed preliminary peace
articles in Paris, ending the Revolutionary War.
- In 1804 Supreme Court Justice Samuel Chase went on trial, accused of
political bias. He was acquitted by the Senate.
- In 1835 Samuel Langhorne Clemens, better known as author Mark Twain,
was born in Florida, Mo.
- In 1874 British statesman Sir Winston Churchill was born at Blenheim
- In 1900 Irish author Oscar Wilde died in Paris.
- In 1936 London's famed Crystal Palace, built for the International
Exhibition of 1851, was destroyed in a fire.
- In 1939 the Russo-Finnish War began as Soviet troops invaded Finland.
- In 1949 Chinese Communists captured Chungking.
- In 1962 U Thant of Burma was elected Secretary-General of the U.N.,
succeeding the late Dag Hammarskjold.
- In 1966 the former British colony of Barbados became independent.
- In 1993 President Clinton signed into law the Brady gun control bill.
- Ten years ago President Bush left Washington for his first summit
with Soviet President Mikhail S. Gorbachev that took place aboard
ships off the Mediterranean island of Malta. Alfred Herrhausen,
chairman of West Germany's largest bank, was killed in a bombing
claimed by the Red Army Faction.
- Five years ago two passengers died and nearly 1,000 others and crew
members fled the cruise ship "Achille Lauro" after it caught fire
off the coast of Somalia; the ship sank two days later. The Achille
Lauro had gained notoriety in 1985 when it was hijacked by
- One year ago Quebec's separatist premier, Lucien Bouchard, was
returned to power, but with only 43% of the vote, setting back the
Parti Quebecois' goal of seeking independence from Canada. Deutsche
Bank AG announced it was acquiring Bankers Trust Corp. for more than
- Movie director Gordon Parks is 87.
- Actor Efrem Zimbalist Jr. is 81.
- Actress Virginia Mayo is 79.
- Former Rep. Shirley Chisholm, D-N.Y., is 75.
- Actor Richard Crenna is 72.
- Actor Robert Guillaume is 72.
- TV personality and producer Dick Clark is 70.
- Radio talk show host G. Gordon Liddy is 69.
- Country singer Teddy Wilburn is 68.
- Country singer-recording executive Jimmy Bowen is 62.
- Singer Luther Ingram is 55.
- Singer Rob Grill (The Grassroots) is 55.
- Playwright David Mamet is 52.
- Actress Margaret Whitton is 49.
- Actor Mandy Patinkin is 47.
- Musician Shuggie Otis is 46.
- Singer June Pointer is 45.
- Country singer Jeannie Kendall is 45.
- Singer Billy Idol is 44.
- Rock musician John Ashton (The Psychedelic Furs) is 42.
- Football and baseball player Bo Jackson is 37.
- Rapper Jalil (Whodini) is 36.
- Actor-director Ben Stiller is 34.
- Country singer Mindy McCready is 24.