On June 1, 1813 the U.S. Navy gained its motto as Capt. James
Lawrence, commander of the U.S. frigate "Chesapeake," said, "Don't
give up the ship" during a losing battle with a British frigate.
- In 1792 Kentucky became the 15th state of the union.
- In 1796 Tennessee became the 16th state.
- In 1868 James Buchanan, the 15th president of the U.S., died near
- In 1943 a civilian flight from Lisbon to London was shot down by the
Germans during World War II, killing all aboard, including actor
Leslie Howard.- In 1958 Charles de Gaulle became premier of France.
- In 1968 author-lecturer Helen Keller, who earned a college degree
despite being blind and deaf almost all of her life, died in Westport, Conn.
- In 1980 Cable News Network made its debut.
- In 1997 Betty Shabazz, the widow of Malcolm X, was fatally burned in
a fire set by her 12-year-old grandson in her apartment in Yonkers, N.Y.
- Ten years ago former Sunday school teacher John E. List, sought for
18 years in the slayings of his mother, wife and three children in
Westfield, N. J., was arrested in Richmond, Va. List was later
sentenced to life in prison.
- Five years ago President Clinton embarked on a European trip that
included commemorating the 50th anniversary of D-Day; his first stop
was Italy.- One year ago President Clinton abruptly abandoned his executive
privilege claim in the Monica Lewinsky investigation, reducing the
prospect of a quick Supreme Court review of a dispute over the
testimony of presidential aides. Thousands of refugees from Serbia's
Kosovo province streamed into neighboring Albania to escape deadly fighting.
*Happy Birthday*- Actor Richard Erdman is 74.- Actor Andy Griffith is 73.
- Actor Edward Woodward is 69.- Actor Pat Corley is 69.- Singer Pat Boone is 65.
- Actor-writer-director Peter Masterson is 65.- Actor Morgan Freeman is 62.
- Actor Rene Auberjonois is 59.- Opera singer Frederica von Stade is 54.
- Actor Brian Cox is 53.- Rock musician Ron Wood is 52.
- Actor Jonathan Pryce is 52.- Actor Powers Boothe is 50.
- Actress Gemma Craven is 49.- Singer Graham Russell (Air Supply) is 49.
- Country singer Ronnie Dunn (Brooks and Dunn) is 46.
- Actress Lisa Hartman Black is 43.
- Singer-musician Alan Wilder (formerly with Depeche Mode) is 40.
- Rock musician Simon Gallup (The Cure) is 39.- Singer Alanis Morrissette is 25.
- On June 2, 1924 Congress granted U.S. citizenship to all American Indians.
- In 1851 Maine became the first state to enact a law prohibiting alcohol.
- In 1886 President Cleveland married Frances Folsom in a White House ceremony.
- In 1897, responding to rumors that he was dead, Mark Twain, 61, was
quoted by the New York Journal as saying from London, "The report of
my death was an exaggeration."
- In 1941 baseball's "Iron Horse," Lou Gehrig, died in New York of a
degenerative disease, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis.
- In 1946 the Italian monarchy was abolished in favor of a republic.
- In 1953 Queen Elizabeth II of Britain was crowned in Westminster
Abbey, 16 months after the death of her father, King George VI.
- In 1979 Pope John Paul II arrived in his native Poland on the first
visit by a pope to a Communist country.
- In 1987 President Reagan announced he was nominating economist Alan
Greenspan to succeed Paul Volcker as chairman of the Federal Reserve Board.
- In 1997 Timothy McVeigh was convicted of murder and conspiracy in
the Oklahoma City bombing.
- Ten years ago President Bush returned from a European trip, calling
it "a triumph of hope" for a world moving beyond the Cold War.
- Five years ago the International Atomic Energy Agency, the U.N.
atomic watchdog, reported it could no longer verify the status of
North Korea's nuclear program, prompting the U.S. to seek economic
sanctions. President Clinton met at the Vatican with Pope John Paul II.
- One year ago voters in California passed Proposition 227, which
effectively abolished the state's 30-year-old bilingual education
program by requiring that all children be taught in English. Monica
Lewinsky hired a new defense team, Jacob Stein and Plato Cacheris,
replacing William H. Ginsburg as her lead attorney.*Happy Birthday*
- Actor-composer Max Showalter is 82.- Actor Milo O'Shea is 74.
- Actress Sally Kellerman is 62.- Actor Stacy Keach is 58.
- Rock musician Charlie Watts is 58.
- Singer William Guest (Gladys Knight & The Pips) is 58.
- Actor Charles Haid is 56.- Composer Marvin Hamlisch is 55.
- Actor Jerry Mathers is 51.- Actress Joanna Gleason is 49.
- Comedian Dana Carvey is 44.- Actor Gary Grimes ("Summer of '42") is 44.
- Singer Merril Bainbridge is 31.- Rapper B-Real (Cypress Hill) is 29.
- Actress Nikki Cox ("Unhappily Ever After") is 21.
- Rhythm-and-blues singer Irish Grinstead (702) is 19.
- Ten years ago, on June 3, 1989, Iranian spiritual leader Ayatollah
Ruhollah Khomeini died, the same day Chinese army troops began their
sweep of Beijing to crush student-led pro-democracy demonstrations.
- In 1621 the Dutch West India Company received a charter for New
Netherlands, now known as New York.
- In 1808 Jefferson Davis, the first and only president of the
Confederacy, was born in Kentucky.
- In 1888 the poem "Casey at the Bat" by Ernest Lawrence Thayer was
first published in the San Francisco Daily Examiner.
- In 1937 the Duke of Windsor, who had abdicated the British throne,
married Wallis Warfield Simpson in Monts, France.
- In 1948 the 200-inch reflecting telescope at the Palomar Mountain
Observatory in California was dedicated.
- In 1963 Pope John XXIII died at the age of 81. He was succeeded by
Pope Paul VI.
- In 1968 pop artist Andy Warhol was shot and critically wounded in
his New York film studio, known as "The Factory," by Valerie
Solanas, an actress and self-styled feminist.
- In 1981 Pope John Paul II left a Rome hospital and returned to the
Vatican three weeks after the attempt on his life.
- In 1983 Gordon Kahl, a militant tax protester wanted in the slayings
of two U.S. marshals in North Dakota, was killed in a gun battle
with law-enforcement officials near Smithville, Ark.
- Five years ago President Clinton, continuing his tour of Italy,
visited the graves of American soldiers killed in the Anzio landing
during World War II. The U.S. began consultations with South Korea,
Japan and Russia on how to retaliate for North Korea's removal of
vital evidence about its nuclear weapons capability.
- One year ago President Clinton urged Congress to renew normal trade
benefits for China, saying good relations with Beijing were crucial
amid fears of a nuclear arms race in South Asia. A high-speed train
derailed in Eschede, Germany, killing 101 people.*Happy Birthday*
- Actor Tony Curtis is 74.- Musician Boots Randolph is 72.
- TV producer Chuck Barris is 70.- Musician Curtis Mayfield is 57.
- Rock singer Ian Hunter (Mott The Hoople) is 53.
- Musician Too Slim (Riders in the Sky) is 51.- Singer Suzi Quatro is 49.
- Singer Deneice Williams is 48.
- Rock musician Billy Powell (Lynyrd Skynyrd) is 47.- Singer Dan Hill is 45.
- Actor Scott Valentine ("Family Ties") is 41.
- Singers Ariel and Gabriel Hernandez (No Mercy) are 28.
On June 4, 1939, during what became known as the "Voyage of the
Damned," the SS St. Louis, carrying more than 900 Jewish refugees
from Germany, was turned away from the Florida coast. Also denied
permission to dock in Cuba, the ship eventually returned to Europe;
many of the refugees later died in Nazi concentration camps.
- In 1647 the English army seized King Charles I as a hostage.
- In 1812 the Louisiana Territory was renamed the Missouri Territory.
- In 1878 Turkey turned Cyprus over to the British.
- In 1892 the Sierra Club was incorporated in San Francisco.
- In 1940 the Allied military evacuation from Dunkirk, France, ended.
- In 1942 the Battle of Midway began during World War II.
- In 1947 the House of Representatives overwhelmingly approved the
- In 1954 French Premier Joseph Laniel and Vietnamese Premier Buu Loc
initialed treaties in Paris, according "complete independence" to Vietnam.
- In 1986 Jonathan Jay Pollard, a former Navy intelligence analyst,
pleaded guilty in Washington to spying for Israel. He is serving a
life sentence in prison.
- Ten years ago hundreds and possibly thousands of people died as
Chinese army troops stormed Beijing to crush the pro-democracy
movement. A gas explosion in the Soviet Union engulfed two passing
trains, killing 645. "Jerome Robbins's Broadway" won best musical at
the 43rd annual Tony Awards; "The Heidi Chronicles" by Wendy
Wasserstein won best play.
- Five years ago President Clinton and British Prime Minister John
Major paid tribute to the lost airmen of World War II at the
American Cemetery in Cambridge, England.
- One year ago a federal judge sentenced Terry Nichols to life in
prison for his role in the Oklahoma City bombing. Americans aboard
the shuttle Discovery arrived at the Russian space station Mir to
pick up U.S. astronaut Andrew Thomas, who'd spent four months in orbit.
*Happy Birthday*----------------- Former Sen. Howard Metzenbaum, D-Ohio, is 82.
- Opera singer Robert Merrill is 80.- Actor Dennis Weaver is 75.
- Actor John Drew Barrymore is 67.- Actor Bruce Dern is 63.
- Country singer Freddy Fender is 62.
- Musician Roger Ball (ex-Average White Band) is 55.
- Jazz musician Anthony Braxton is 54.
- Singer Gordon Waller (Peter and Gordon) is 54.
- Rock musician Danny Brown (The Fixx) is 48.- Actor Parker Stevenson is 47.
- Actor Keith David is 43.- Actress Julie Gholson is 41.
- Actor Eddie Velez is 41.
On June 5, 1968, Sen. Robert F. Kennedy was shot and mortally
wounded just after claiming victory in California's Democratic
presidential primary. Gunman Sirhan Bishara Sirhan was immediately arrested.
- In 1723 economist Adam Smith was born in Kirkcaldy, Scotland.
- In 1783 Joseph and Jacques Montgolfier publicly demonstrated their
hot-air balloon in a 10-minute flight over Annonay, France.
- In 1794 Congress passed the Neutrality Act, which prohibited
Americans from enlisting in the service of a foreign power.
- In 1883 economist John Maynard Keynes was born in Cambridge, England.
- In 1917 about 10 million American men began registering for the
draft in World War I.- In 1933 the U.S. went off the gold standard.
- In 1940 the Battle of France began during World War II.
- In 1947 Secretary of State George C. Marshall gave a speech at
Harvard University in which he outlined an aid program for Europe
that came to be known as "The Marshall Plan."
- In 1967 war erupted in the Mideast as Israel raided Egyptian
military targets. Syria, Jordan and Iraq entered the conflict.
- In 1975 Egypt reopened the Suez Canal to international shipping,
eight years after it was closed because of the 1967 war with Israel.
- Ten years ago in one of the most remembered images of China's
crushed pro-democracy movement, a lone man stood defiantly in front
of a line of tanks in Beijing until friends pulled him out of the way.
- Five years ago President Clinton headed across the English Channel
aboard the USS George Washington, en route to the 50th anniversary
commemoration of D-Day in Normandy. At least 264 Indonesian
villagers in East Java were killed by an earthquake.
- One year ago a strike at a General Motors parts factory near Detroit
closed five assembly plants and idled workers nationwide; the
walkout lasted seven weeks. Volkswagen AG won approval to buy
Rolls-Royce Motor Cars for $700 million. However, BMW later
purchased the Rolls-Royce brand name and logo.*Happy Birthday*----------------
- Broadcast journalist Bill Moyers is 65.- Actor Spalding Gray is 58.
- Rhythm-and-blues singer Floyd Butler (Friends of Distinction) is 58.
- Country singer Don Reid (The Statler Brothers) is 54.
- Rock musician Fred Stone (Sly and the Family Stone) is 53.
- Rock singer Laurie Anderson is 52.- Country singer Gail Davies is 51.
- Rock musician Nicko McBrain (Iron Maiden) is 45.- Jazz musician Kenny G is 43.
- Rock singer Richard Butler (Psychedelic Furs) is 43.
- Actress Karen Sillas is 34.- Singer Brian McKnight is 30.
- Actor Mark Wahlberg is 28.- Actor Chad Allen is 25.
- Rock musician P-nut (311) is 25.
On June 6, 1944, Allied forces stormed the beaches of Normandy,
France in the D-Day invasion of Europe in World War II.
- In 1799 American orator Patrick Henry died in Charlotte County, Va.
- In 1844 the Young Men's Christian Association was founded in London.
- In 1925 Walter Percy Chrysler founded Chrysler Corp.
- In 1934, the Securities and Exchange Commission was established.
- In 1942 Japanese forces retreated in the World War II Battle of Midway.
- In 1966 black activist James Meredith was shot and wounded as he
walked along a Mississippi highway to encourage black voter registration.
- In 1968 Sen. Robert F. Kennedy died at Good Samaritan Hospital in
Los Angeles, a day after he was shot by Sirhan Bishara Sirhan.
- In 1978 California voters overwhelmingly approved Proposition 13, a
primary ballot initiative calling for major cuts in property taxes.
- In 1982 Israeli forces invaded Lebanon to drive out Palestine
Liberation Organization fighters. (The Israelis withdrew in June 1985.)
- In 1985 authorities in Brazil exhumed a body later identified as the
remains of Dr. Josef Mengele, the notorious "Angel of Death" of the
- Ten years ago burial services were held for Iran's spiritual leader,
Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini. On Capitol Hill, Thomas Foley was
elected the 49th speaker of the House of Representatives.
- Five years ago a Chinese passenger jet crashed, killing all 160
people on board.
- One year ago the UN Security Council demanded in a unanimous vote
that India and Pakistan refrain from further nuclear tests and sign
nuclear control agreements. "Real Quiet" was denied horse racing's
Triple Crown as "Victory Gallop" won the Belmont Stakes by a nose.
*Happy Birthday*----------------- Actress Billie Whitelaw is 67.
- Civil rights activist Roy Innis is 65.
- Singer Levi Stubbs (The Four Tops) is 63.- Country singer Joe Stampley is 56.
- Actor Robert Englund is 50.- Singer Dwight Twilley is 48.
- Playwright-actor Harvey Fierstein is 45.- Comedian Sandra Bernhard is 44.
- Tennis player Bjorn Borg is 43.- Actress Amanda Pays is 40.
- Record producer Jimmy Jam is 40.- Rock musician Steve Vai is 39.
- Rock musician Sean Yseult (White Zombie) is 33.
- Rock musician David Navarro is 32.- Actor Max Casella is 32.
On June 7, 1776, Richard Henry Lee of Virginia proposed to the
Continental Congress a resolution calling for a Declaration of Independence.
- In 1769 frontiersman Daniel Boone first began to explore the
present-day Bluegrass State.
- In 1848 French post-impressionist painter Paul Gauguin was born in Paris.
- In 1864 Abraham Lincoln was nominated for another term as president
at his party's convention in Baltimore.
- In 1929 the sovereign state of Vatican City came into existence as
copies of the Lateran Treaty were exchanged in Rome.
- In 1939 King George VI and his wife, Queen Elizabeth, arrived at
Niagara Falls, New York from Canada on the first visit to the United
States by a reigning British monarch.
- In 1948 the Communists completed their takeover of Czechoslovakia
with the resignation of President Eduard Benes.
- In 1967 author-critic Dorothy Parker, famed for her caustic wit,
died in New York.
- In 1981 Israeli military planes destroyed a nuclear power plant in
Iraq, a facility the Israelis charged could have been used to make
nuclear weapons.- Ten years ago 169 people were killed when a Suriname Airways
airplane crashed in a tropical forest near the Paramaribo airport.
- Five years ago President Clinton addressed the French National
Assembly, challenging his generation of Allied leaders to strive for
greater European unity or face "the grim alternative" of violence
like that in Bosnia. Twelve-year-old Vicki Van Meter of Meadville,
Pa., completed a trans-Atlantic flight, landing in Glasgow, Scotland.
- One year ago in a crime that shocked the nation, James Byrd Jr.,
a 49-year-old black man, was chained to a pickup truck and dragged
to his death in Jasper, Texas. (Three white men were arrested; so
far, one of them, John William King, has been convicted of murder
and sentenced to death.) At the Tony Awards, "The Lion King" won
best musical and "Art" was named best play.*Happy Birthday*----------------
- Movie director James Ivory is 71.- Actress Virginia McKenna is 68.
- Singer Tom Jones is 59.- Poet Nikki Giovanni is 56.
- Actor Ken Osmond ("Leave It to Beaver") is 56.
- Talk show host Jenny Jones is 53.- Actress Anne Twomey is 48.
- Actor Liam Neeson is 47.- Actor William Forsythe is 44.
- Record producer L.A. Reid is 43.- The artist formerly known as Prince is 41.
- Rock singer-musician Gordon Gano (The Violent Femmes) is 36.
- Rock musician Eric Kretz (Stone Temple Pilots) is 33.
- Actress Helen Baxendale ("Friends") is 29.
On June 8, 1967, 34 U.S. servicemen were killed when Israeli
warplanes attacked the Liberty, a Navy ship stationed in the
Mediterranean. (Israel called the attack a tragic mistake.)
- In A.D. 632 the prophet Mohammed died.
- In 1845 Andrew Jackson, seventh president of the U.S., died in
Nashville, Tenn.- In 1861 Tennessee seceded from the Union.
- In 1915 Secretary of State William Jennings Bryan resigned in a
disagreement over U.S. handling of the sinking of the Lusitania.
- In 1948 the "Texaco Star Theater" made its debut on NBC TV with
Milton Berle guest-hosting the first program. (Berle was later named
the show's permanent host.)
- In 1953 the Supreme Court ruled restaurants in the District of
Columbia could not refuse to serve blacks.
- In 1968 authorities announced the capture in London of James Earl
Ray, the suspected assassin of civil rights leader Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.
- In 1978 a jury in Clark County, Nev., ruled the so-called "Mormon
will," purportedly written by the late billionaire Howard Hughes,
was a forgery.
- In 1982 President Reagan became the first American chief executive
to address a joint session of the British Parliament.
- Ten years ago Chinese Premier Li Peng appeared on TV, praising a
group of army soldiers, apparently for their role in crushing the
student-led pro-democracy movement.
- Five years ago Bosnia's warring factions agreed to a one-month
cease-fire. President Clinton returned to Oxford University, where
he was a Rhodes scholar, to receive an honorary doctorate.
- One year ago the National Rifle Association elected Charlton Heston
its president. The shuttle Discovery pulled away from Mir, ending
America's three-year space partnership with Russia. Nigerian
dictator Sani Abacha died at age 54.*Happy Birthday*----------------
- Retired Supreme Court Justice Byron White is 82.
- Former President Suharto of Indonesia is 78.
- Former First Lady Barbara Bush is 74.- Actress Dana Wynter is 69.
- Comedian Joan Rivers is 66.- Actress Millicent Martin is 65.
- Actor James Darren is 63.- Actor Bernie Casey is 60.
- Singer Nancy Sinatra is 59.- Singer Chuck Negron (Three Dog Night) is 57.
- Musician Boz Scaggs is 55.- Actor Don Grady is 55.
- Rock musician Mick Box (Uriah Heep) is 52.- Actress Sonia Braga is 49.
- Actress Kathy Baker is 49.- Country musician Tony Rice is 48.
- Actress Julianna Margulies is 32.- Actor Dan Futterman is 32.
On June 9, A.D. 68, the Roman Emperor Nero committed suicide.
- In 1870 author Charles Dickens died in England.
- In 1940 Norway surrendered to the Nazis during World War II.
- In 1953 about 100 people died when a tornado struck Worcester, Mass.
- In 1954 Army counsel Joseph N. Welch asked Sen. Joseph R. McCarthy,
"Have you no sense of decency, sir?" during the Senate-Army Hearings.
- In 1973 Secretariat became horse racing's first Triple Crown winner
in 25 years by winning the Belmont Stakes.
- In 1978 leaders of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints
struck down a 148-year-old policy of excluding black men from the
- In 1980 comedian Richard Pryor suffered almost fatal burns at his
San Fernando Valley, Calif., home when a mixture of "free-base"
- In 1985 American educator Thomas Sutherland was kidnapped in
Lebanon; he was released in Nov. 1991 along with fellow hostage Terry Waite.
- In 1993 Japanese Crown Prince Naruhito wed commoner Masako Owada in
an elaborate Shinto religious ceremony.
- Ten years ago China began reporting large-scale arrests in the wake
of the crushed pro-democracy movement. The arrests coincided with
the public reappearance of Chinese leader Deng Xiaoping, who was
rumored to have been seriously ill.
- Five years ago in a bipartisan slap at President Clinton, the House
of Representatives voted 244-178 for the U.S. to defy the
international arms embargo on Bosnia.
- One year ago three white men were charged in Jasper, Texas, with the
brutal dragging death of James Byrd Junior, a black man. President
Clinton unleashed a torrent of public works money, signing a $203
billion transportation bill.*Happy Birthday*----------------
- Guitarist Les Paul is 84.
- Robert S. McNamara, former World Bank president and former defense
secretary, is 83.- Moviemaker George Axelrod ("Lord Love a Duck") is 77.
- Actress Mona Freeman is 73.- Broadcast journalist Marvin Kalb is 69.
- Comedian Jackie Mason is 65.- Actor Joe Santos is 63.
- Author Letty Cottin Pogrebin is 60.
- Rock musician Jon Lord (Whitesnake; Deep Purple) is 58.
- Actor Michael J. Fox is 38.- Actor Johnny Depp is 36.
- Jazz musician Wayman Tisdale is 35.- Actress Gloria Reuben is 34.
- Rock musician Dean Felber (Hootie & the Blowfish) is 32.
- On June 10, 1935, Alcoholics Anonymous was founded in Akron, Ohio,
by William G. Wilson and Dr. Robert Smith.
- In 1801 the North African state of Tripoli declared war on the U.S.
in a dispute over safe passage of merchant vessels through the Mediterranean.
- In 1865 the opera "Tristan und Isolde" by Richard Wagner premiered
in Munich, Germany.
- In 1922 singer-actress Judy Garland was born Frances Ethel Gumm in
Grand Rapids, Minn.
- In 1940 Italy declared war on France and Britain; Canada declared
war on Italy.- In 1946 Italy replaced its abolished monarchy with a republic.
- In 1964 the Senate voted to limit further debate on a proposed
civil rights bill, shutting off a filibuster by Southern states.
- In 1967 the Middle East War ended as Israel and Syria agreed to
observe a United Nations-mediated cease-fire.
- In 1977 James Earl Ray, convicted assassin of civil rights leader
Martin Luther King Jr., escaped from Brushy Mountain State Prison
in Tennessee with six others; he was recaptured June 13.
- In 1978 Affirmed won the Belmont Stakes and with it, horse racing's
- Ten years ago Easy Goer won the Belmont Stakes in New York, denying
the Triple Crown to Kentucky Derby and Preakness winner Sunday Silence.
- Five years ago President Clinton intensified sanctions against
Haiti's military leaders, suspending U.S. commercial air travel and
most financial transactions between the two countries.
- One year ago a jury in Jacksonville, Fla. ordered Brown and
Williamson Tobacco Corp. to pay nearly $1 million to the family of
Roland Maddox, who had died after smoking Lucky Strikes for almost
50 years. (A Florida appeals court later overturned the verdict.)
*Happy Birthday*----------------- Britain's Prince Philip is 78.
- Columnist Nat Hentoff is 74.- Actress June Haver is 73.
- Actor-director Lloyd Jeffries is 73.- Author Maurice Sendak is 71.
- Actor Gardner McKay is 67.- Attorney F. Lee Bailey is 66.
- Actress Alexandra Stewart is 60.- Singer Shirley Alston (The Shirelles) is 58.
- Actor Jurgen Prochnow is 58.- Media commentator Jeff Greenfield is 56.
- Country singer-songwriter Thom Schuyler is 47.- Actor Andrew Stevens is 44.
- Singer Barrington Henderson is 43.- Actress Elisabeth Shue is 36.
- Actress Jeanne Tripplehorn is 36.
- Rock musician Jimmy Chamberlin (Smashing Pumpkins) is 35.
- Model-actress Elizabeth Hurley is 34.- Model Linda Evangelista is 34.
- Country singer-songwriter Ken Mellons is 34.- Actor Doug McKeon is 33.
- Actress Leelee Sobieski ("Joan of Arc" mini-series) is 17.
- Olympic gold medal figure skater Tara Lipinski is 17.
On June 11, 1776, the Continental Congress formed a committee to
draft a Declaration of Independence from Britain.
- In 1509 England's King Henry VIII married Catherine of Aragon.
- In 1919 Sir Barton won the Belmont Stakes, becoming horse racing's
first Triple Crown winner.
- In 1942 the U.S. and the Soviet Union signed a lend-lease agreement
to aid the Soviet war effort in World War II.
- In 1947 the government announced the end of household and
institutional sugar rationing, to take effect the next day.
- In 1963 Buddhist monk Quang Duc set himself ablaze on a Saigon
street to protest the government of South Vietnamese President Ngo Dinh Diem.
- In 1977 Seattle Slew won the Belmont Stakes, capturing the Triple Crown.
- In 1978 Joseph Freeman Jr. became the first black priest ordained
in the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints.
- In 1979 actor John Wayne died at age 72.
- In 1985 Karen Ann Quinlan, the comatose patient whose case prompted
a historic right-to-die court decision, died in Morris Plains, N.J.,
at age 31.
- In 1986 a divided Supreme Court struck down a Pennsylvania abortion
law, while reaffirming its 1973 decision establishing a
constitutional right to abortion.
- Ten years ago the government of China issued a warrant for the
arrest of dissident Fang Lizhi, who had taken refuge inside the U.S.
Embassy in Beijing.
- Five years ago the U.S., South Korea and Japan agreed to seek
punitive steps against North Korea over its nuclear program. A car
bomb blew up outside a luxury hotel in Guadalajara, Mexico, killing
five people in an apparent drug-related attack.
- One year ago Mitsubishi Motors agreed to pay $34 million to settle a
allegations that women on the assembly line at its Illinois factory
were groped and insulted and that managers did nothing to stop it.
*Happy Birthday*----------------- Opera singer Rise Stevens is 86.
- Actor-producer Richard Todd is 80.- Author William Styron is 74.
- Actor Gene Wilder is 64.- Actor Chad Everett is 63.
- Comedian Johnny Brown is 62.- Former auto racer Jackie Stewart is 60.
- Country singer Wilma Burgess is 60.- Singer Joey Dee is 59.
- Actress Adrienne Barbeau is 54.- Rock musician Frank Beard (ZZ Top) is 50.
- Actor Peter Bergman is 46.- Football player Joe Montana is 43.
- Rock musician Dan Lavery (Tonic) is 30.
- Actor Joshua Jackson ("Dawson's Creek") is 21.
Five years ago, on June 12, 1994, Nicole Brown Simpson and Ronald
Goldman were slashed to death outside her Los Angeles home. (O.J.
Simpson was acquitted of the killings in a criminal trial, but was
later held liable in a civil action.)
- In 1838 the Iowa Territory was organized.
- In 1898 Philippine nationalists declared independence from Spain.
- In 1937 the Soviet Union executed eight army leaders as a purge
under Josef Stalin continued.
- In 1939 the National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum was dedicated
in Cooperstown, N.Y.
- In 1963 civil rights leader Medgar Evers was fatally shot in front
of his home in Jackson, Miss.
- In 1967 the Supreme Court struck down state laws prohibiting
- In 1978 David Berkowitz was sentenced to 25 years to life in prison
for each of the six "Son of Sam" killings that had terrified New Yorkers.
- In 1979 26-year-old cyclist Bryan Allen flew the man-powered
Gossamer Albatross across the English Channel.
- In 1987 President Reagan, during a visit to the divided German city
of Berlin, publicly challenged Soviet leader Mikhail S. Gorbachev to
"tear down this wall."
- Ten years ago the Supreme Court expanded the abilities of white
males to challenge court-approved affirmative action plans, even
years after they take effect.
- Five years agoa Rabbi Menachem Schneerson, the charismatic Orthodox
Jewish leader, died in New York at age 92. At the Tony Awards,
"Angels in America: Perestroika" won best play while "Passion" won
- One year ago a jury in Hattiesburg, Miss., convicted 17-year-old
Luke Woodham of killing two students and wounding seven others at
Pearl High School. Space shuttle Discovery returned to Earth,
bringing home the last American to live aboard Mir and closing out
three years of U.S.-Russian cooperation aboard the aging space station.
*Happy Birthday*----------------- Banker David Rockefeller is 84.
- Movie producer Samuel Z. Arkoff is 81.- Former President George Bush is 75.
- Singer Vic Damone is 71.- Actor-singer Jim Nabors is 69.
- Jazz musician Chick Corea is 58.- Sportscaster Marv Albert is 58.
- Rock singer Reg Presley (The Troggs) is 56.
- Rock singer-musician Brad Delp (Boston) is 48.
- Rock musician Bun E. Carlos (Cheap Trick) is 48.
- Country singer-musician Junior Brown is 47.
- Singer-songwriter Rocky Burnette is 46.- Actor Timothy Busfield is 42.
- Actress Jenilee Harrison is 40.
- Rock musician John Linnell (They Might Be Giants) is 40.
On June 13, 1966, the Supreme Court issued its landmark Miranda vs.
Arizona decision, ruling that criminal suspects must be informed of
their constitutional rights prior to questioning by police.
- In 1886 King Ludwig II of Bavaria drowned in Lake Starnberg.
- In 1888 Congress created the U.S. Department of Labor.
- In 1898 the Yukon Territory of Canada was organized.
- In 1900 China's Boxer Rebellion against foreigners and Chinese
Christians erupted into violence.
- In 1927 aviation hero Charles Lindbergh was honored with a
ticker-tape parade in New York City.
- In 1942 President Roosevelt created the Office of War Information,
and appointed radio news commentator Elmer Davis to head it.
- In 1944 Germany began launching flying-bomb attacks against Britain
during World War II.
- In 1967 President Johnson nominated Solicitor General Thurgood
Marshall to become the first black justice on the U.S. Supreme Court.
- In 1971 The New York Times began publishing the Pentagon Papers, a
secret study of America's involvement in Vietnam.
- Ten years ago the Detroit Pistons won their first National
Basketball Association title, sweeping the Los Angeles Lakers in four games.
- Five years ago a jury in Anchorage, Alaska, blamed recklessness by
Exxon Corp. and Capt. Joseph Hazelwood for the Exxon Valdez disaster
allowing victims of the nation's worst oil spill to seek $15 billion
in damages. O.J. Simpson was questioned for several hours by Los
Angeles police following the slashing deaths of his ex-wife, Nicole,
and Ronald Goldman.
- One year ago civil rights leaders and politicians called for an end
to racial violence as hundreds of mourners gathered in Jasper,
Texas, for the funeral of James Byrd Jr., a black man who police
said was brutally killed by white supremacists. President Clinton
visited Thurston High School in Springfield, Ore., where two
students were killed and 22 others wounded the previous month.*Happy Birthday*
----------------- TV host Ralph Edwards is 86.- Singer Bobby Freeman is 59.
- Actor Malcolm McDowell is 56.- Singer Dennis Locorriere (Dr. Hook) is 50.
- Actor Richard Thomas is 48.- Actor Jonathan Hogan is 48.
- Comedian Tim Allen is 46.- Actress Ally Sheedy is 37.
- Actor Jamie Walters is 30.- Actor Ethan Embry is 21.
- Actress Sarah Schaub ("Promised Land") is 16.- Actress Mary-Kate Olsen is 13.
- Actress Ashley Olsen is 13.
Today is Monday, June 14, the 165th day of 1999. There are 200 days
left in the year. This is Flag Day.
- On June 14, 1777, the Continental Congress in Philadelphia adopted
the Stars and Stripes as the national flag.
- In 1775 the U.S. Army was founded.
- In 1841 the first Canadian parliament opened in Kingston.
- In 1846 a group of U.S. settlers in Sonoma proclaimed the Republic
of California.- In 1940 German troops entered Paris during World War II. In
German-occupied Poland, the Nazis opened their concentration camp
- In 1943 the U.S. Supreme Court ruled schoolchildren could not be
compelled to salute the U.S. flag if doing so would conflict with
their religious beliefs.
- In 1954 President Eisenhower signed an order adding the words "under
God" to the Pledge of Allegiance.
- In 1982 Argentine forces surrendered to British troops on the
disputed Falkland Islands.
- In 1993 President Clinton chose Judge Ruth Bader Ginsburg, an
advocate of women's rights, to serve on the Supreme Court.
- Ten years ago House Democrats chose Richard Gephardt to be majority
leader and William H. Gray to be majority whip. Former President
Reagan received an honorary knighthood from Britain's Queen
Elizabeth II. Actress Zsa Zsa Gabor was arrested for slapping a
Beverly Hills motorcycle patrolman.
- Five years ago President Clinton unveiled a $9.3 billion welfare
reform plan. Academy Award-winning composer Henry Mancini died in
Beverly Hills, Calif., at age 70. The New York Rangers won hockey's
Stanley Cup for the first time in 54 years, defeating the Vancouver Canucks.
- One year ago the Chicago Bulls clinched their sixth NBA
championship, defeating the Utah Jazz.*Happy Birthday*----------------
- Actress Dorothy McGuire is 83.- Actor Gene Barry is 76.
- Former White House news secretary Pierre Salinger is 74.
- Actress Marla Gibbs is 68.- Actor Jack Bannon is 59.
- Rock singer Rod Argent (The Zombies; Argent) is 54.
- Real estate developer Donald Trump is 53.
- Rock musician Alan White (Yes) is 50.- Actor Eddie Mekka is 47.
- Actor Will Patton is 45.- Olympic gold-medal speed skater Eric Heiden is 41.
- Singer Boy George is 38.- Rock musician Chris DeGarmo (Queensryche) is 36.
- Actress Yasmine Bleeth is 31.- Tennis player Steffi Graf is 30.
Today's Highlight in History: On June 15, 1215, King John put his
seal to Magna Carta ("the Great Charter") at Runnymede, England,
granting his barons more liberty.
- In 1775, the Second Continental Congress voted unanimously to
appoint George Washington head of the Continental Army.
- In 1836, Arkansas became the 25th state.
- In 1844, Charles Goodyear received a patent for his process to
- In 1846, the United States and Britain signed a treaty settling a
boundary dispute between Canada and the U.S. in the Pacific Northwest.
- In 1849, James Polk, the 11th U.S. president, died in Nashville, Tenn.
- In 1864, Secretary of War Edwin M. Stanton signed an order
establishing a military burial ground, which became Arlington
- In 1904, more than 1,000 died when fire erupted aboard the steamboat
General Slocum in New York's East River.
- In 1944, American forces began their successful invasion of Saipan
during World War II.
- In 1978, King Hussein of Jordan married 26-year-old American Lisa
Halaby, who became Queen Noor.
- In 1993, former Texas Gov. John Connally, who was wounded in the
gunfire that killed President Kennedy, died at age 76.
- Ten years ago: Three Chinese workers in Shanghai were sentenced to
death for helping to set fire to a train during recent pro-democracy
protests.- Five years ago: Israel and the Vatican established full diplomatic
relations. Former President Jimmy Carter arrived in North Korea on
a private mission to try to reduce tensions with the communist nation.
- One year ago: NATO fighter jets staged a show of force meant to
pressure Yugoslav forces to end their attacks on ethnic Albanians in
Kosovo province. The Supreme Court ruled unanimously that state
prison inmates are protected by the Americans with Disabilities Act.
*Happy Birthday*----------------- Former New York Gov. Mario Cuomo is 67.
- Country singer Waylon Jennings is 62.- Actor Aron Kincaid is 56.
- Actor-director Simon Callow ("Shakespeare in Love") is 50.
- Actor Jim Varney (Ernest P. Worrell) is 50.
- Singer Russell Hitchcock (Air Supply) is 50.
- Rock singer Steve Walsh (Kansas) is 48.- Comedian-actor Jim Belushi is 45.
- Actress Helen Hunt is 36.
- Rock musician Scott Rockenfield (Queensryche) is 36.
- Actress Courteney Cox is 35.- Country musician Tony Ardoin is 35.
- Country musician Michael Britt (Lonestar) is 33.- Actor-rapper Ice Cube is 30.
On June 16, 1963, the world's first female space traveler, Valentina
Tereshkova, was launched into orbit by the Soviet Union.
- In 1567 Mary, Queen of Scots, was imprisoned in Lochleven Castle in Scotland.
- In 1858 in a speech in Springfield, Ill., Senate candidate Abraham
Lincoln said the slavery issue had to be resolved, declaring, "A
house divided against itself cannot stand."
- In 1897 the government signed a treaty of annexation with Hawaii.
- In 1903 Ford Motor Co. was incorporated.
- In 1933 the National Industrial Recovery Act became law. (It was
later struck down by the Supreme Court.)
- In 1955 Pope Pius XII excommunicated Argentine President Juan
Domingo Peron - a ban that was lifted eight years later.
- In 1961 Soviet ballet dancer Rudolf Nureyev defected to the West
while his troupe was in Paris.
- In 1970 Kenneth A. Gibson of Newark, N.J., became the first black to
win a mayoral election in a major Northeast city.
- In 1977 Soviet Communist Party General Secretary Leonid Brezhnev was
named president, becoming the first person to hold both posts simultaneously.
- In 1978 President Carter and Panamanian leader Omar Torrijos
exchanged the instruments of ratification for the Panama Canal treaties.
- Ten years ago Hungarians paid homage to former premier Imre Nagy and
four associates executed for leading the anti-Soviet revolt of 1956.
- Five years ago former President Jimmy Carter, on a private visit to
North Korea, reported the Communist nation's leaders were eager to
resume talks with the U.S. on resolving disputes about Pyongyang's
nuclear program and improving relations.
- One year ago Massachusetts' highest court cleared the way for
Louise Woodward to return home to England, upholding a judge's
ruling that freed the au pair convicted of killing a baby.*Happy Birthday*
----------------- Author Erich Segal is 62.- Author Joyce Carol Oates is 61.
- Country singer Billy "Crash" Craddock is 60.
- Rhythm-and-blues singer Eddie Levert is 57.- Actress Joan Van Ark is 56.
- Boxer Roberto Duran is 48.- Pop singer Gino Vannelli is 47.
- Actress Laurie Metcalf is 44.- Model-actress Jenny Shimizu is 32.
On June 18, 1983, astronaut Sally K. Ride became America's first
woman in space as she and four colleagues blasted off aboard the
space shuttle Challenger.
- In 1778 American forces entered Philadelphia as the British withdrew
during the Revolutionary War.
- In 1812 the United States declared war against Britain.
- In 1873 suffragist Susan B. Anthony was fined $100 dollars for
attempting to vote in the 1872 presidential election (the fine was
- In 1928 aviator Amelia Earhart became the first woman to fly across
the Atlantic, completing a flight from Newfoundland to Wales in
about 21 hours.
- In 1940 Charles de Gaulle, future president of France, broadcast to
his nation from London, urging it to rally to him and fight Hitler's
- In 1948 the United Nations Commission on Human Rights adopted its
International Declaration of Human Rights. Columbia Records publicly
unveiled its new long-playing phonograph record in New York.
- In 1984 Alan Berg, a Denver radio talk show host, was shot to death
outside his home. (Two white supremacists were later convicted of
civil rights violations in the slaying.)
- Ten years ago Greek Premier Andreas Papandreou's Panhellenic
Socialist Movement suffered a defeat as the center-right New
Democracy Party finished first in general elections.
- Five years ago the presidents of North Korea and South Korea agreed
to hold a historic summit (Plans were disrupted by the death of
North Korean leader Kim Il Sung July 8).
- One year ago President Clinton appointed UN ambassador Bill
Richardson to replace Energy Secretary Federico Pena and named
Bosnian peace architect and diplomatic troubleshooter Richard
Holbrooke as the new representative to the United Nations. Three
people were killed when a Chicago-bound commuter train rammed a
tractor-trailer in Portage, Ind.*Happy Birthday*- Actor Ian Carmichael is 79.
- Columnist Tom Wicker is 73.
- Rock singer-composer-musician Paul McCartney is 57.
- Movie critic Roger Ebert is 57.- Actress Linda Thorson is 52.
- Actress Isabella Rossellini is 47.- Actress Carol Kane is 47.
- Singer Tom Bailey (The Thompson Twins) is 42.- Rock singer Alison Moyet is 38.
- Rhythm-and-blues singer Nathan Morris (Boyz II Men) is 28.
- Actress Mara Hobel is 28.
On June 19, 1953, Julius and Ethel Rosenberg, convicted of
conspiring to pass U.S. atomic secrets to the Soviet Union, were
executed at Sing Sing Prison.
- In 1586 English colonists sailed from Roanoke Island, N.C., after
failing to establish England's first permanent settlement in America.
- In 1862 slavery was outlawed in U.S. territories.
- In 1910 Father's Day was celebrated for the first time, in Spokane, Wash.
- In 1917 during World War I, King George V ordered the British royal
family to dispense with German titles and surnames. The family took
the name "Windsor."
- In 1934 the Federal Communications Commission was created.
- In 1961 the Supreme Court struck down a provision in Maryland's
constitution requiring state officeholders to profess a belief in God.
- In 1963 Soviet cosmonaut Valentina Tereshkova returned to Earth
after spending nearly three days as the first woman in space.
- In 1977 Pope Paul VI proclaimed a 19th century Philadelphia bishop,
John Neumann, the first male U.S. saint.
- In 1987 the Supreme Court struck down a Louisiana law requiring any
public school teaching the theory of evolution to teach creationism
science as well.
- Ten years ago Cincinnati Reds manager Pete Rose sued baseball,
arguing that Commissioner A. Bartlett Giamatti should be prevented
from hearing allegations that Rose had gambled on baseball games.
- Five years ago former President Jimmy Carter, just returned from
North Korea, said he believed the crisis with Pyongyang was over
following talks with North Korean President Kim Il Sung on how to
resolve the nuclear issue.
- One year ago Switzerland's three biggest banks offered $600 million
to settle claims they'd stolen the assets of Holocaust victims;
outraged Jewish leaders called the offer insultingly low. Pope John
Paul II began his third visit to Austria.*Happy Birthday*----------------
- Former Sen. Alan Cranston (D-Calif.) is 85.- Movie critic Pauline Kael is 80.
- Actress Nancy Marchand is 71.- Actress Gena Rowlands is 63.
- Singer Al Wilson is 60.- Singer Spanky MacFarlane (Spanky and Our Gang) is 57.
- Nobel peace laureate Aung San Suu Kyi is 54.- Actress Phylicia Rashad is 51.
- Rock singer Ann Wilson (Heart) is 49.- Actress Kathleen Turner is 45.
- Country singer Doug Stone is 43.- Singer Mark DeBarge is 40.
- Singer-dancer Paula Abdul is 37.
- Rock singer-musician Brian Vander Ark (Verve Pipe) is 35.
- Actor Bumper Robinson is 25.
Today is Sunday, June 20, the 171st day of 1999. There are 194 days
left in the year. This is Father's Day.
- On June 20, 1756, in India, a group of British soldiers was
imprisoned in a suffocating cell that gained notoriety as the "Black
Hole of Calcutta." Most died.
- In 1782 Congress approved the Great Seal of the United States.
- In 1863 West Virginia became the 35th state.
- In 1893 a jury in New Bedford, Mass., found Lizzie Borden innocent
of the ax murders of her father and stepmother.
- In 1898 during the Spanish-American War, the U.S. cruiser Charleston
captured the Spanish-ruled island of Guam.
- In 1943 race-related rioting erupted in Detroit; federal troops were
sent in two days later to quell the violence that resulted in more
than 30 deaths.
- In 1947 Benjamin "Bugsy" Siegel was shot dead at the Beverly Hills,
Calif., mansion of his girlfriend Virginia Hill, apparently at the
order of mob associates.
- In 1948 the variety series "Toast of the Town," hosted by Ed
Sullivan, debuted on CBS TV.
- In 1963 the United States and Soviet Union signed an agreement to
set up a "hot line" communications link between the two superpowers.
- In 1967 boxer Muhammad Ali was convicted in Houston of violating
Selective Service laws by refusing to be drafted. The conviction was
- In 1979 ABC News correspondent Bill Stewart was shot to death in
Managua, Nicaragua, by a member of President Anastasio Somoza's
- Ten years ago Soviet President Mikhail S. Gorbachev greeted the
speaker of Iran's parliament, Hashemi Rafsanjani, who was visiting Moscow.
- Five years ago O.J. Simpson pleaded innocent in Los Angeles to the
killing of his ex-wife, Nicole, and her friend, Ronald Goldman.
- One year ago on the eve of Father's Day, President Clinton used his
weekly radio address to announce the release of the first wave of
almost $60 million in prostate cancer research grants.*Happy Birthday*
----------------- Country musician Chet Atkins is 75.
- Actress Olympia Dukakis is 68.- Actor Martin Landau is 68.
- Actor James Tolkan is 68.- Actor Danny Aiello is 66.
- Actor John Mahoney is 59.- Movie director Stephen Frears is 58.
- Singer-songwriter Brian Wilson is 57.- Actor John McCook is 54.
- Singer Anne Murray is 54.- TV personality Bob Vila is 53.
- Musician Andre Watts is 53.- Actress Candy Clark is 52.- Tina Sinatra is 51.
- Singer Lionel Richie is 50.- Actor John Goodman is 47.
- Singer Cyndi Lauper is 46.- Actress Nicole Kidman is 32.
Today is Monday, June 21, the 172nd day of 1999. There are 193 days
left in the year. This is the first day of summer.
- On June 21, 1788, the Constitution of the United States went into
effect as New Hampshire became the ninth state to ratify it.
- In 1834 Cyrus Hall McCormick received a patent for his reaping machine.
- In 1932 heavyweight Max Schmeling lost a title fight by decision to
Jack Sharkey, prompting Schmeling's manager, Joe Jacobs, to exclaim.
"We was robbed!"
- In 1945 during World War II, American soldiers on Okinawa found the
body of the Japanese commander, Lt. Gen. Mitsuru Ushijima, who had
- In 1948 the Republican national convention opened in Philadelphia.
- In 1963 Cardinal Giovanni Battista Montini was chosen to succeed the
late Pope John XXIII; the new pope took the name Paul VI.
- In 1964 civil rights workers Michael H. Schwerner, Andrew Goodman
and James E. Chaney disappeared in Philadelphia, Miss. Their bodies
were found buried in an earthen dam six weeks later.
- In 1973 the Supreme Court ruled states may ban materials found to be
obscene according to local standards.
- In 1977 Menachem Begin became Israel's sixth prime minister.
- In 1982 a jury in Washington D.C. found John Hinckley Jr. innocent
by reason of insanity in the shooting of President Reagan and three
- In 1985 scientists announced that skeletal remains exhumed in Brazil
were those of Nazi war criminal Josef Mengele.
- Ten years ago the Supreme Court ruled that burning the American flag
as a political protest is protected by the First Amendment.
- Five years ago President Clinton, addressing members of the Business
Roundtable, made an impassioned call for action on health care reform.
- One year ago in Colombia, former Bogota mayor Andres Pastrana was
elected the country's president, defeating Horacio Serpa, a key
player in the scandal-tainted administration of President Ernesto
Samper. In World Cup soccer, Iran defeated the United States, 2-1.
*Happy Birthday*----------------- Cartoonist Al Hirschfeld is 96.
- Actress Jane Russell is 78.- Actress Maureen Stapleton is 74.
- Actor Bernie Kopell is 66.- Actor Monte Markham is 64.
- Singer O.C. Smith is 63.- Actor Ron Ely is 61.
- Actress Mariette Hartley is 59.- Comedian Joe Flaherty is 59.
- Rock singer-musician Ray Davies (The Kinks) is 55.
- Singer Brenda Holloway is 53.- Actress Meredith Baxter is 52.
- Actor Michael Gross is 52.- Country singer Leon Everette is 51.
- Rock musician Joey Kramer (Aerosmith) is 49.
- Rock musician Nils Lofgren is 48.- Actress Robyn Douglass is 46.
- Actor Robert Pastorelli is 45.- Cartoonist Berke Breathed is 42.
- Country singer Kathy Mattea is 40.- Actor Marc Copage is 37.
- Actress Sammi Davis-Voss is 35.- Actor Doug Savant is 35.
- Country musician Porter Howell is 35.- Actor Michael Dolan is 34.
- Actress Juliette Lewis is 26.- Britain's Prince William of Wales is 17.
On June 22, 1945, the World War II battle for Okinawa officially
ended; 12,520 Americans and 110,000 Japanese were killed in the
81-day campaign.- In 1815 Napoleon Bonaparte abdicated a second time.
- In 1868 Arkansas was re-admitted to the Union.
- In 1870 Congress created the Department of Justice.
- In 1938 heavyweight boxing champion Joe Louis knocked out Max
Schmeling in the first round of their rematch at Yankee Stadium.
- In 1940 during World War II, Adolf Hitler gained a stunning victory
as France was forced to sign an armistice eight days after German
forces overran Paris.
- In 1941 Germany invaded the Soviet Union during World War II.
- In 1944 President Roosevelt signed the "GI Bill of Rights."
- In 1969 singer-actress Judy Garland died in London at age 47.
- In 1970 President Nixon signed a bill lowering the voting age to 18.
- In 1993 former first lady Pat Nixon died in Park Ridge, N.J., at age 81.
- Ten years ago the government of Angola and the anti-Communist rebels
of the UNITA movement agreed to a formal truce in their 14-year-old
- Five years ago President Clinton announced North Korea had confirmed
its willingness to freeze its nuclear program. The Houston Rockets
defeated the New York Knicks 90-84 to win the NBA championship.
- One year ago the Supreme Court made it much harder for students who
are sexually harassed by teachers to hold school districts
financially responsible, ruling 5-4 that a key anti-bias law applies
only if administrators know about the misconduct. Actress Maureen
O'Sullivan died in Scottsdale, Ariz., at age 87.*Happy Birthday*
----------------- Movie director Billy Wilder is 93.
- Author Anne Morrow Lindbergh is 93.- Fashion designer Bill Blass is 77.
- Actor Ralph Waite is 71.- Country singer Roy Drusky is 69.
- Senator Dianne Feinstein, D-Cal., is 66.
- Singer-actor Kris Kristofferson is 63.
- CBS News correspondent Ed Bradley is 58.- Actor Michael Lerner is 58.
- Fox News correspondent Brit Hume is 56.- Actor Klaus Maria Brandauer is 55.
- Singer Peter Asher (Peter and Gordon) is 55.- Actor Andrew Rubin is 53.
- Actor David L. Lander is 52.- Singer Howard "Eddie" Kaylan is 52.
- Singer-musician Todd Rundgren is 51.- Actress Meryl Streep is 50.
- Actress Lindsay Wagner is 50.- Singer Alan Osmond is 50.
- Actor Murphy Cross is 49.- Actor Graham Greene is 47.
- Actor Chris Lemmon is 45.- Rock musician Garry Beers (INXS) is 42.
- Actor-producer-writer Bruce Campbell is 41.
- Rock musician Alan Anton (Cowboy Junkies) is 40.- Actress Tracy Pollan is 39.
- Rock singer-musician Jimmy Somerville is 38.
- Rock singer-musician Mike Edwards (Jesus Jones) is 35.
- Actress Amy Brenneman is 35.- Actress Paula Irvine is 31.
- Rock singer Steven Page (Barenaked Ladies) is 29.
- Rock musician Chris Traynor (Helmet) is 26.- Actress Lindsay Ridgeway is 14.
On June 23, 1868, Christopher Latham Sholes received a patent for an
invention he called a "Type-Writer."
- In 1836 Congress approved the Deposit Act, which contained a
provision for turning over surplus federal revenue to the states.
- In 1931 aviators Wiley Post and Harold Gatty took off from New York
on the first round-the-world flight in a single-engine plane.
- In 1938 the Civil Aeronautics Authority was established.
- In 1947 the Senate joined the House in overriding President Truman's
veto of the Taft-Hartley Act.
- In 1955 Walt Disney's "Lady and the Tramp," the first animated
feature filmed in CinemaScope, opened in theaters.
- In 1967 President Johnson and Soviet Premier Alexei Kosygin held the
first of two meetings in Glassboro, N.J.
- In 1969 Warren E. Burger was sworn in as chief justice of the U.S.
by the man he was succeeding, Earl Warren.
- In 1972 President Nixon and White House chief of staff H.R. Haldeman
discussed a plan to use the CIA to obstruct the FBI's Watergate
investigation. (Revelation of the tape recording of this
conversation sparked Nixon's resignation in 1974.)
- In 1985 all 329 people aboard an Air-India Boeing 747 were killed
when the plane crashed into the Atlantic Ocean near Ireland,
apparently because of a bomb.
- Ten years ago the Supreme Court refused to shut down the
"dial-a-porn" industry, ruling Congress had gone too far in passing
a law banning all sexually oriented phone message services.
- Five years ago French marines and Foreign Legionnaires headed into
Rwanda to try to stem the country's ethnic slaughter.
- One year ago President Clinton said the reported discovery of traces
of deadly nerve gas on an Iraqi missile warhead gave the U.S. new
ammunition to maintain tough U.N. sanctions against the Baghdad government.
*Happy Birthday*----------------- Jazz musician Milt Hinton is 89.
- Advertising executive David Ogilvy is 88.
- Former Secretary of State William P. Rogers is 86.- Actress Irene Worth is 83.
- Singer June Carter Cash is 70.- Singer Diana Trask is 59.
- Musical conductor James Levine is 56.- Actor Ted Shackelford is 53.
- Actor Bryan Brown is 52.- U.S. Supreme Court Justice Clarence Thomas is 51.
- Actor Jim Metzler is 44.- Actress Frances McDormand is 42.
- Actress Karin Gustafson is 40.- Actor Paul La Greca is 37.
- Singer Chico DeBarge is 29.- Actress Selma Blair is 27.
On June 24, 1948, Communist forces cut off all land and water routes
between West Germany and West Berlin, prompting the Western allies
to organize the massive Berlin Airlift.
- In 1314 the forces of Scotland's king, Robert Bruce, defeated the
English in the Battle of Bannockburn.
- In 1497 explorer John Cabot spotted land, probably in present-day
Canada - the first recorded sighting of North America by a European.
- In 1509 Henry VIII was crowned king of England.
- In 1793 the first republican constitution in France was adopted.
- In 1842 author-journalist Ambrose Bierce was born in Meigs County, Ohio.
- In 1908 the 22nd and 24th president of the U.S., Grover Cleveland,
died in Princeton, N.J., at age 71.
- In 1940 France signed an armistice with Italy during World War II.
- In 1948 the Republican National Convention, meeting in Philadelphia,
nominated New York Governor Thomas E. Dewey for president.
- In 1968 "Resurrection City," a shantytown constructed as part of the
Poor People's March on Washington D.C., was closed down by authorities.
- In 1987 comedian-actor Jackie Gleason died at his home in Fort
Lauderdale, Fla., at age 71.
- Ten years ago after the crackdown on China's pro-democracy movement,
Zhao Ziyang was deposed as Communist Party general secretary, and
was replaced by Jiang Zemin.
- Five years ago President Clinton struck out at his conservative
critics and the media, complaining in a speech in St. Louis that
unfair and negative reports about him were feeding a cynical mindset
in America.- One year ago President Clinton left on a nine-day visit to China
amid a swirl of controversy over his policy toward the Beijing
government. AT&T Corp. struck a deal to buy cable TV giant
Tele-Communications Inc. for $31.7 billion dollars.*Happy Birthday*
----------------- Actor Al Molinaro is 80.- Comedian Jack Carter is 76.
- Movie director Claude Chabrol is 69.- Actress Michele Lee is 57.
- Musician Mick Fleetwood is 57.- Actor-director Georg Stanford Brown is 56.
- Rock musician Jeff Beck is 55.- Singer Arthur Brown is 55.
- New York Gov. George Pataki is 54.
- Rock singer Colin Blunstone (The Zombies) is 54.- Actor Peter Weller is 52.
- Rock musician John Illsley (Dire Straits) is 50.- Actress Nancy Allen is 49.
- Reggae singer Derrick Simpson (Black Uhuru) is 49.
- Reggae singer Astro (UB40) is 42.
- Singer-musician Andy McCluskey (Orchestral Manoevres in the Dark) is 40.
- Rock singer-musician Curt Smith is 38.- Actress Danielle Spencer is 34.
- Actress Sherry Stringfield is 32.- Singer Glenn Medeiros is 29.
On June 25, 1950, war broke out in Korea as forces from the
communist North invaded the South.
- In 1788 Virginia ratified the U.S. Constitution.
- In 1868 Florida, Alabama, Louisiana, Georgia, North Carolina and
South Carolina were re-admitted to the Union.
- In 1876 Lt. Col. George A. Custer and his 7th Cavalry were wiped out
by Sioux and Cheyenne Indians in the Battle of the Little Bighorn in Montana.
- In 1942 1,000 British Royal Air Force bombers raided Bremen,
Germany, during World War II.
- In 1948 the Republicans meeting at their national convention in
Philadelphia chose California Gov. Earl Warren to be Thomas E.
Dewey's running mate.
- In 1951 the first commercial color telecast took place as CBS
transmitted a one-hour special from New York to four other cities.
- In 1962 the Supreme Court ruled the use of an unofficial,
nondenominational prayer in New York State public schools was
- In 1967 the Beatles performed their new song, "All You Need Is
Love," during a live international telecast.
- In 1973 former White House Counsel John Dean began testifying before
the Senate Watergate Committee.
- In 1988 American-born Mildred Gillars, better known during World War
II as "Axis Sally" for her Nazi propaganda broadcasts, died in
Columbus, Ohio, at age 87. Gillars had served 12 years in prison for treason.
- Ten years ago a judge in Cincinnati temporarily blocked a hearing by
baseball Commissioner A. Bartlett Giamatti into allegations that
Cincinnati Reds manager Pete Rose had gambled on baseball games.
- Five years ago Japanese Prime Minister Tsutomu Hata, faced with
certain defeat in a no-confidence vote, announced his intention to
resign after just two months in office.
- One year ago the Supreme Court rejected a 1997 line-item veto law as
unconstitutional, and ruled that those infected with HIV are
protected by the Americans With Disabilities Act. President Clinton
began a nine-day trip to China in the city of Xi'an.*Happy Birthday*
----------------- Movie director Sidney Lumet is 75.
- Actress June Lockhart is 74.- Singer Eddie Floyd is 64.
- Basketball Hall-of-Famer Willis Reed is 57.- Singer Carly Simon is 54.
- Rock musician Allen Lanier (Blue Oyster Cult) is 53.
- Rock musician Ian McDonald (Foreigner; King Crimson) is 53.
- Actor-comedian Jimmie Walker is 52.- Actor-director Michael Lembeck is 51.
- TV personality Phyllis George is 50.- Singer George Michael is 36.
On June 26, 1959, President Eisenhower joined Britain's Queen
Elizabeth II in ceremonies officially opening the St. Lawrence Seaway.
- In 1870 the first section of the boardwalk in Atlantic City, N.J.,
was opened to the public.
- In 1900 a commission that included Dr. Walter Reed began the fight
against the deadly yellow fever disease.
- In 1917 the first troops of the American Expeditionary Force arrived
in France during World War I.
- In 1919 the New York Daily News was first published.
- In 1945 the United Nations charter was signed by 50 countries in San
Francisco.- In 1948 the Berlin Airlift began in earnest after the Soviet Union
cut off land and water routes to the isolated western sector of Berlin.
- In 1963 President Kennedy visited West Berlin, where he made his
famous declaration: "Ich bin ein Berliner."
- In 1968 Chief Justice Earl Warren announced his intent to resign
from the Supreme Court.
- In 1975 citing what she called a "deep and widespread conspiracy"
against her government, Indian Prime Minister Indira Gandhi declared
a state of emergency.
- In 1979 heavyweight boxing champion Muhammad Ali confirmed to
reporters that he'd sent a letter to the World Boxing Association
resigning his title, saying his third announced retirement was indeed final.
- Ten years ago the Supreme Court ruled the death penalty may be
imposed for murderers who committed their crimes as young as age 16,
and for mentally retarded killers as well.
- Five years ago hundreds of thousands of homosexuals gathered in New
York City to commemorate the 25th anniversary of the Stonewall Inn
riot, considered the birth of the gay-rights movement. An Israeli
commission found that a Jewish settler had acted alone when he shot
and killed 29 Muslims in a Hebron mosque, rejecting Palestinian
claims of a conspiracy.
- One year ago the Supreme Court issued a landmark sexual harassment
ruling, putting employers on notice that they can be held
responsible for supervisors' misconduct even if they knew nothing about it.
*Happy Birthday*----------------- Actress Eleanor Parker is 77.
- Jazz musician-film composer Dave Grusin is 65.
- Singer Billy Davis Jr. (The Fifth Dimension) is 59.
- Actor Clive Francis is 53.- Actor Robert Davi is 45.
- Singer-musician Mick Jones (The Clash; Big Audio Dynamite) is 44.
- Rock singer Chris Isaak is 43.- Rock singer Patty Smyth is 42.
- Actor Mark McKinney is 37.- Rock singer Harriet Wheeler (The Sundays) is 36.
- Rock musician Colin Greenwood (Radiohead) is 30.- Actor Chris O'Donnell is 29.
- Actress Kaitlin Cullum is 13.
On June 27, 1950, President Truman ordered the Air Force and Navy
into the Korean conflict following a call from the U.N. Security
Council for member states to help South Korea repel an invasion from
the North.- In 1844 Mormon leader Joseph Smith and his brother, Hyrum, were
killed by a mob in Carthage, Ill.
- In 1847 New York and Boston were linked by telegraph wires.
- In 1893 the New York stock market crashed.
- In 1942 the FBI announced the capture of eight Nazi saboteurs who
had been put ashore from a submarine on New York's Long Island.
- In 1944 American forces completed their capture of the French port
of Cherbourg from the Germans.
- In 1957 more than 500 people were killed when Hurricane "Audrey"
slammed through coastal Louisiana and Texas.
- In 1969 patrons at the Stonewall Inn, a gay bar in New York's
Greenwich Village, clashed with police in an incident considered the
birth of the homosexual rights movement.
- In 1973 former White House counsel John W. Dean told the Senate
Watergate Committee about an "enemies list" kept by the Nixon White House.
- In 1977 the Supreme Court struck down state laws and bar association
rules that had prohibited lawyers from advertising their fees for
routine services.- In 1980 President Carter signed legislation reviving draft
- Ten years ago President Bush, criticizing a Supreme Court decision
upholding the right to desecrate the American flag as a form of
political protest, called for a constitutional amendment to protect
the Stars and Stripes.
- Five years ago U.S. Coast Guard cutters intercepted 1,330 Haitian
boat people on the high seas in one of the busiest days since
refugees began leaving Haiti following a 1991 military coup.
President Clinton replaced White House chief of staff Mack McLarty
with budget director Leon Panetta.
- One year ago during a joint news conference beamed live to hundreds
of millions of homes across China, President Clinton and President
Jiang Zemin offered an uncensored airing of differences on human
rights, freedom, trade and Tibet. An earthquake in Ceyhan, Turkey,
killed 144 people.*Happy Birthday*- "Captain Kangaroo," Bob Keeshan, is 72.
- Business executive Ross Perot is 69.- Opera singer Anna Moffo is 65.
- Former chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, Army Gen. John
Shalikashvili, is 63.- Interior Secretary Bruce Babbitt is 61.
- Singer-musician Bruce Johnston (The Beach Boys) is 57.
- Actress Julia Duffy is 48.- Actress Isabelle Adjani is 44.
- Country singer Lorrie Morgan is 40.- Actor Brian Drillinger is 39.
- Actor Tobey Maguire ("Pleasantville") is 24.- Actress Madylin Sweeten is 8.
On June 28, 1914, Austrian Archduke Francis Ferdinand and his wife,
Sofia, were assassinated in Sarajevo by a Serb nationalist - the
event which triggered World War I.
- In 1491 England's King Henry VIII was born at Greenwich.
- In 1778 "Molly Pitcher" (Mary Ludwig Hays) carried water to American
soldiers at the Revolutionary War Battle of Monmouth, N.J.
- In 1836 the fourth president of the U.S., James Madison, died in
- In 1838 Britain's Queen Victoria was crowned in Westminster Abbey.
- In 1919 the Treaty of Versailles was signed in France, ending World
War I. Harry S. Truman married Elizabeth Virginia Wallace in
- In 1928 New York Gov. Alfred E. Smith was nominated for president at
the Democratic national convention in Houston.
- In 1939 Pan American Airways began regular trans-Atlantic air
service as the "Dixie Clipper" left Port Washington, N.Y., for Portugal.
- In 1950 North Korean forces captured Seoul, South Korea.
- In 1996 the Citadel decided to admit women, ending a 153-year-old
men-only policy at the South Carolina military school.
- Ten years ago China's new Communist Party chief, Jiang Zemin, said
his government would show no mercy to leaders of the crushed
pro-democracy movement, which he termed a "counterrevolutionary rebellion."
- Five years ago North and South Korea set July 25-27 as the dates for
a historic summit (derailed by the death of North Korean President
Kim Il Sung the following month). President Clinton became the first
chief executive in U.S. history to set up a personal legal defense
fund and ask Americans to contribute to it.
- One year ago the 12th World AIDS Conference opened in Geneva. The
Cincinnati Enquirer apologized to the Chiquita banana company and
retracted stories questioning the company's business practices; the
paper agreed to pay more than $10 million dollars to settle legal claims.
*Happy Birthday*----------------- Comedian-movie director Mel Brooks is 73.
- Actor Pat Morita is 67.- Sen. Carl Levin (D-Mich.) is 65.
- Former White House chief of staff Leon Panetta is 61.
- Rock musician Dave Knights (Procol Harum) is 54.- Actor Bruce Davison is 53.
- Actress Kathy Bates is 51.- Actress Alice Krige is 45.
- Football player John Elway is 39.
- Record company chief executive Tony Mercedes is 37.
- Actress Jessica Hecht is 34.- Rock musician Saul Davies (James) is 34.
- Actress Mary Stuart Masterson is 33.- Actor John Cusack is 33.
- Actor Gil Bellows is 32.- Actress Danielle Brisebois is 30.
- Jazz musician Jimmy Sommers is 30.
On June 29, 1767, the British Parliament approved the Townshend
Revenue Acts, which imposed import duties on such things as glass,
lead, paint, paper and tea shipped to America. Colonists bitterly
protested the Acts, which were repealed in 1770.
- In 1776 the Virginia state constitution was adopted and Patrick
Henry made governor.
- In 1941 Polish statesman, pianist and composer Ignace Jan Paderewski
died in New York at age 80.
- In 1946 British authorities arrested more than 2,700 Jews in
Palestine in an attempt to stamp out alleged terrorism.
- In 1949 the government of South Africa enacted a ban against
racially mixed marriages.
- In 1954 the Atomic Energy Commission voted against reinstating Dr.
J. Robert Oppenheimer's access to classified information.
- In 1966 the U.S. bombed fuel storage facilities near the North
Vietnamese cities of Hanoi and Haiphong.
- In 1967 Jerusalem was re-unified as Israel removed barricades
separating the Old City from the Israeli sector.
- In 1970 the U.S. ended a two-month military offensive into Cambodia.
- In 1972 the Supreme Court ruled the death penalty, as it was being
meted out, could constitute "cruel and unusual punishment." (The
ruling prompted states to revise their capital punishment laws.)
- In 1988 the Supreme Court, in a 7-1 decision, upheld the power of
independent counsels to prosecute illegal acts by high-ranking
- Ten years ago the U.S. House of Representatives voted unanimously in
favor of new sanctions against China because of its crackdown on the
- Five years ago in a British TV documentary, Prince Charles said he
was faithful in his marriage to Princess Diana "until it became
irretrievably broken down."
- One year ago students at Beijing University peppered President
Clinton with polite but critical questions about America's human
rights record, Taiwan policy and views on China in an exchange
televised live across the vast nation. With negotiations on a new
labor agreement at a standstill, the NBA announced a lockout would
be imposed at midnight.*Happy Birthday*----------------
- Actress Ruth Warrick is 84.- Dancer-choreographer Fred Kelly is 83.
- Actor Ian Bannen is 71.- Movie producer Robert Evans is 69.
- Actor Gary Busey is 55.- Singer Little Eva is 54.
- Comedian Richard Lewis is 52.- Actor Fred Grandy is 51.
- Rock musician Ian Paice (Deep Purple) is 51.
- Rock singer Colin Hay (Men At Work) is 46.
- Actress Maria Conchita Alonso is 42.- Singer Evelyn "Champagne" King is 39.
- Actress Sharon Lawrence is 38.- Actress Amanda Donohoe is 37.
- Rhythm-and-blues singer Stedman Pearson (Five Star) is 35.