1502: Portuguese navigators discovered Rio de Janeiro.
- 1673: The first regular mounted mail service in the United States was inaugurated between New York and Boston.
- 1701: The union between Great Britain and Ireland became effective, creating the United Kingdom.
- 1785: The "Daily Universal Register," which later became the Times of London, published its first issue.
- 1797: Albany became the capital of New York, replacing New York City.
- 1847: Michigan became the first state to abolish capital punishment.
- 1862: The first U.S. income tax (3% of incomes over $600, 5% of incomes over $10,000) went into effect.
- 1863: President Lincoln issued the final Emancipation Proclamation, freeing all slaves in territories held by Confederates and encouraging the enlisting of black soldiers in the Union Army.
- 1874: New York City annexed the Bronx.
- 1886: The first Tournament Of Roses Parade took place in Pasadena, Calif.
- 1896: Wilhelm Rontgen announced his discovery of x-rays.
- 1901: Australia declared its independence from the United Kingdom.
- 1908: The ball announcing the beginning of the New Year was lowered for the first time in Times Square.
- 1934: The Federal Deposit Insurance Corp (FDIC), which guarantees U.S. banks, went into effect; Alcatraz Island officially became a Federal Prison.
- 1948: The first newsreel in color was filmed in Pasadena, Calif.
- 1953: Country music legend Hank Williams Sr. was found dead in the back seat of his car from an overdose of alcohol and pain killers. He was 29 years old.
- 1958: Treaties establishing the European Economic Community, or the Common Market, went into effect.
- 1959: Fidel Castro led Cuban revolutionaries to victory over Fulgenico Batista and took control of Cuba.
- 1960: Johnny Cash played the first of many free concerts behind bars when he entertained the inmates of San Quentin Prison. Among those in the audience was future country star Merle Haggard, serving time for burglary.
- 1966: Effective on this day, all U.S. cigarette packages had to carry the warning "Caution: Cigarette smoking may be hazardous to your health."
- 1975: Former Attorney General John Mitchell and former presidential aides H. R. Haldeman and John Ehrlichman were found guilty of conspiracy to obstruct the Watergate investigation.
- 1976: The Liberty Bell was moved to its new home behind Independence Hall.
- 1984: The break-up of AT&T took place as the telecommunications giant was divested of its 22 Bell System companies under terms of an antitrust agreement.
- 1985: VH-1 made its broadcasting debut.
- 1990: David Dinkins was sworn in as New York City's first black mayor.
- 1993: Czechoslovakia peacefully split into two new countries: the Czech Republic and Slovakia.
- 1994: The North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) went into effect.
- 1995: The last "The Far Side" appeared as cartoonist Gary Larson retired the strip he began in 1980.
- 1996: After 27 years, Betty Rubble made her debut as a Flintstone vitamin.
Born: Marcia Cross, 38, actress, "Melrose Place"; Grandmaster Flash, 41, rapper/disc jockey; Frank Langella, 59, actor, "Dracula"; "Country" Joe McDonald, 57, folk singer/musician, Country Joe and the Fish; Don Novello, 56, comedian, a.k.a. Father Guido Sarducci; DeDee Pfeiffer, 35, actress, "Cybill"; J. D. Salinger, 80, novelist, "The Catcher in the Rye"
On Jan. 1, 1863, President Lincoln signed the Emancipation
Proclamation, declaring that slaves in rebel states were free.
- In 1797, Albany became the capital of New York state, replacing New
- In 1892, the Ellis Island Immigrant Station in New York formally
- In 1898, Manhattan, the Bronx, Brooklyn, Queens and Staten Island
were consolidated into New York City.
- In 1901, the Commonwealth of Australia was proclaimed.
- In 1945, France was admitted to the United Nations.
- In 1953, country singer Hank Williams Sr., 29, died of a drug and
alcohol overdose while en route to a concert date in Canton, Ohio.
- In 1958, treaties establishing the European Economic Community went
- In 1959, Fidel Castro led Cuban revolutionaries to victory over
- In 1979, the United States and China held celebrations in Washington
and Beijing to mark the establishment of diplomatic relations
between the two countries.
- In 1984, the breakup of AT&T took place as the telecommunications
giant was divested of its 22 Bell System companies under terms of an
- In 1990, David Dinkins was sworn in as New York City's first black
mayor; British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher distanced herself
from U.S. vows to punish whoever bombed Pam Am Flight 103, saying in
a TV interview that revenge "can affect innocent people."
- In 1993, Czechoslovakia peacefully split into two new countries, the
Czech Republic and Slovakia.
- In 1995, the North American Free Trade Agreement went into effect;
Actor Cesar Romero died in Santa Monica, Calif., at age 86.
- In 1999, A new anti-smoking law went into effect in California,
prohibiting people from lighting up in bars.
*Happy Birthday* 2000
- Author J.D. Salinger is 80.
- Sen. Ernest Hollings, D-S.C., is 77.
- Jazz musician Milt Jackson is 76.
- Actor Frank Langella is 59.
- Rock singer-musician Country Joe McDonald is 57.
- Writer-comedian Don Novello is 56.
- Country singer Steve Ripley (The Tractors) is 49.
- Rapper Grandmaster Flash is 41.
- Actress Ren Woods is 41.
- Actress Dedee Pfeiffer is 35.
On Jan. 2, 1900, Secretary of State John Hay announced the "Open
Door Policy" to facilitate trade with China.
- In 1492, the leader of the last Arab stronghold in Spain surrendered
to Spanish forces loyal to King Ferdinand II and Queen Isabella I.
- In 1788, Georgia became the fourth state to ratify the Constitution.
- In 1929, the United States and Canada reached agreement on joint
action to preserve Niagara Falls.
- In 1935, Bruno Hauptmann went on trial in Flemington, N.J., on
charges of kidnapping and murdering the infant son of Charles and
Anne Lindbergh. Hauptmann was found guilty and executed.
- In 1942, the Philippine capital of Manila was captured by Japanese
forces during World War II.
- In 1960, Sen. John F. Kennedy of Massachusetts announced his
candidacy for the Democratic presidential nomination.
- In 1965, the New York Jets signed University of Alabama quarterback
Joe Namath for a reported $400,000.
- In 1974, President Nixon signed legislation requiring states to
limit highway speeds to 55 mph.
- In 1983, the musical "Annie," based on the "Little Orphan Annie"
comic strip, closed on Broadway after a run of 2,377 performances.
- In 1990, PTL founders Jim and Tammy Faye Bakker returned to the
television pulpit for the first time in two years, broadcasting from
a borrowed house in Pineville, N.C.
- In 1991, Sharon Pratt Dixon was sworn in as mayor of Washington
D.C., becoming the first black woman to head a city of Washington's
size and prominence.
- In 1995, the new Republican mayor of New York City, Rudolph
Giuliani, delivered his inaugural address in which he called for
unity while promising to crack down on crime and tackle the city's
- In 1999, the defense in the Terry Nichols trial rested its case in
the penalty phase after calling nine witnesses who pleaded for his
life. Nichols had already been convicted of conspiracy, which
carried a potential death sentence, and involuntary manslaughter for
his role in the Oklahoma City bombing.
*Happy Birthday* 2000
- Actress Anna Lee is 86.
- Former television evangelist Jim Bakker is 60.
- Actress Wendy Phillips is 47.
- Actress Gabrielle Carteris is 38.
- Movie director Todd Haynes is 38.
- Actress Tia Carrere is 32.
- Actor Cuba Gooding Jr. is 31.
- Model Christy Turlington is 30.
1521: Martin Luther was excommunicated from the Roman Catholic
- 1777: George Washington defeated the British under Lord Cornwallis
at the Battle of Princeton.
- 1833: Britain seized control of the Falkland Islands in the South
- 1847: The California town of Yerba Buena was renamed San Francisco.
- 1868: The Meiji Restoration re-established the authority of Japan's
emperor and spelled the end of the military rulers known as
- 1888: The first wax drinking straw was patented by Marvin C. Stone
in Washington, D.C.
- 1892: J.R.R. Tolkien, British author of "The Hobbit" and "The Lord
of the Rings," was born.
- 1920: Boston Red Sox owner Harry Frazee sold pitcher-outfielder
Babe Ruth to the New York Yankees for $125,000 plus a $350,000
loan. The loan was used to turn the play "No, No, Nannette" into a
- 1924: British egyptologist Howard Carter found the sarcophagus of
Tutankhamun in the Valley of the Kings near Luxor.
- 1938: The March of Dimes campaign to fight polio was organized.
- 1947: William Dawson became the first black to head a congressional
committee; Congressional proceedings were televised for the first
time as viewers in Washington, Philadelphia and New York got to see
some of the opening ceremonies of the 80th Congress.
- 1952: "Dragnet" premiered on NBC.
- 1957: The first electric watch was introduced in Lancaster, Pa.,
by the Hamilton Watch Company.
- 1959: Alaska became the 49th state to be admitted to the United
- 1961: The United States severed diplomatic relations with Cuba
after Fidel Castro announced he was a communist.
- 1967: Carl Wilson of the Beach Boys refused to be sworn in after
receiving a U.S. Army draft notice, saying he was a conscientious
- 1967: Jack Ruby, who shot Lee Harvey Oswald before he could be
tried for the assassination of President Kennedy, died in a
- 1973: A 12-member group headed by George Steinbrenner bought the
New York Yankees from the Columbia Broadcasting System for a
reported $10-12 million.
- 1977: Apple Computers was incorporated.
- 1980: Joy Adamson, Austrian-born British naturalist and writer
famous for the book "Born Free" about her work with lions, was
found murdered in Kenya.
- 1987: The Rock and Roll Hall of Fame inducted its first female
artist: Aretha Franklin.
- 1989: Russian newspaper Izvestia printed its first commercial
- 1990: In Panama, deposed leader Manuel Antonio Noriega surrendered
to U.S. authorities after spending 10 days under siege in the
- 1997: Bryant Gumbel co-hosted his final "Today" show on NBC.
Born:Victor Borge, 90, comedian/pianist
- Dabney Coleman, 67, actor, "Tootsie"
- Jim Everett, 36, NFL quarterback
- Mel Gibson, 43, actor/director
- Bobby Hull, 60, former NHL forward
- John Paul Jones, 53, musician, Led Zeppelin
- Robert Loggia, 69, actor, "Independence Day"
- Sir George Martin, 73, Beatles' music producer
- Danica McKellar, 24, actress, "The Wonder Years"
- Victoria Principal, 49, actress
- Stephen Stills, 54, singer/musician
- Shannon Sturges, 31, actress, "Savannah"
On Jan. 3, 1959, President Eisenhower signed a proclamation
admitting Alaska to the Union as the 49th state.
- In 1521 Martin Luther was excommunicated from the Roman Catholic
- In 1777 Gen. George Washington's army routed the British in the
Battle of Princeton, N.J.
- In 1868 the Meiji Restoration re-established the authority of
Japan's emperor and heralded the fall of the military rulers known
- In 1892 J.R.R. Tolkein, author of the "Lord of the Rings" trilogy,
was born in Bloemfontein, South Africa.
- In 1938 the March of Dimes campaign to fight polio was organized.
- In 1947 congressional proceedings were televised for the first time
as viewers in Washington, Philadelphia and New York witnessed some
of the opening ceremonies of the 80th Congress.
- In 1961 the U.S. severed diplomatic relations with Cuba.
- In 1967 Jack Ruby, the man who shot accused presidential assassin
Lee Harvey Oswald, died in a Dallas hospital.
- In 1980 conservationist Joy Adamson, author of "Born Free," was
killed by a servant in northern Kenya.
- In 1993 President Bush and Russian President Boris Yeltsin signed a
historic nuclear missile-reduction treaty in Moscow.
- Ten years ago ousted Panamanian leader Manuel Noriega surrendered to
U.S. forces, 10 days after taking refuge in the Vatican's diplomatic
mission following the U.S. invasion of Panama.
- Five years ago Mexican President Ernesto Zedillo announced an
emergency plan for wage and price controls and budget cuts to
stabilize the peso and combat spiraling inflation.
- One year ago Chicagoans dug out from their biggest snowstorm in more
than 30 years. Israeli authorities detained, and later expelled, 14
members of Concerned Christians, a Denver-based cult which Israeli
officials feared was plotting violence in Jerusalem to bring about
the Second Coming of Christ.
*Happy Birthday 2000*
- Comedian Victor Borge is 91.
- Former U.S. ambassador Vernon Walters is 83.
- Sportscaster Hank Stram is 77.
- Record producer Sir George Martin is 74.
- Actor Robert Loggia is 70.
- Actor Dabney Coleman is 68.
- Journalist-author Betty Rollin is 64.
- Hockey Hall of Famer Bobby Hull is 61.
- Singer-songwriter-producer Van Dyke Parks is 57.
- Musician Stephen Stills is 55.
- Actress Victoria Principal is 50.
- Actor-director Mel Gibson is 44.
- Actress Shannon Sturges is 32.
- Jazz musician James Carter is 31.
- Actor Jason Marsden is 25.
- Actress Danica McKellar is 25.
1754: Kings College was founded in New York; it would later be
renamed Columbia University.
- 1790: President Washington delivered the first annual presidential
"State of the Union" speech.
- 1809: Louis Braille, French inventor of the blind reading system,
- 1863: Four-wheeled roller skates were patented by James Plimpton of
- 1885: Dr. William W. Grant of Davenport, Iowa, performed what is
believed to have been the first appendectomy.
- 1887: Thomas Stevens became the first man to bicycle around the
- 1896: Following Mormon abandonment of polygamy, Utah was admitted
to the Union to become the 45th state.
- 1920: The National Negro Baseball League, the first black baseball
league, was organized.
- 1932: British Indian government was granted emergency powers to
deal with campaign of nationalist civil disobedience. The National
Congress party was declared illegal and Mahatma Gandhi was arrested.
- 1936: The first-ever pop music sales chart tracking the hits of the
day was introduced by Billboard, America's leading music industry
- 1951: In the Korean War, the North Koreans and Chinese communists
captured the southern capital of Seoul.
- 1954: Elvis Presley, then a Crown Electric Co. truck driver,
stopped by a Sun Records studio with an acoustic guitar and paid
$4 to record two demos.
- 1960: Albert Camus, Algerian-born French existentialist writer,
died in a car accident.
- 1965: President Lyndon Johnson outlined the goals of his "Great
Society" in his State of the Union Address.
- 1970: The Beatles held their last recording session, at EMI studios.
- 1974: President Nixon refused to hand over tape recordings and
documents subpoenaed by the Senate Watergate Committee.
- 1977: Mary Shane was hired by the Chicago White Sox as the first
female play-by-play announcer on TV.
- 1979: Jazz bassist Charles Mingus collapsed and died of a heart
attack in Cuernavaca, Mexico.
- 1980: President Carter announced the U.S. boycott of the Moscow
- 1984: The Edmonton Oilers defeated the Minnesota North Stars, 12-8,
in the highest-scoring NHL game in NHL history.
- 1995: Rep. Newt Gingrich of Georgia was formally elected speaker of
the U.S. House of Representatives, the first Republican to hold the
post in 40 years.
- Dyan Cannon, 62, actress, "Ally McBeal"
- Deana Carter, 33, country singer
- Dave Foley, 36, actor/comedian, "The Kids In The Hall," "NewsRadio"
- Guy Forget, 34, tennis player
- Matt Frewer, 41, actor/cartoon voice, "Max Headroom," "Hercules"
- Patty Loveless, 42, country singer/musician
- Julia Ormond, 34, actress, "Legends of the Fall"
- Maureen Reagan, 58, political activist, presidential daughter
- Don Shula, 69, former NFL Coach
- Michael Stipe, 39, singer, R.E.M.
- Jane Wyman, 85, actress, "Johnny Belinda," "Falcon Crest"
On Jan. 4, 1965, President Johnson outlined the goals of his "Great
Society" in his State of the Union Address.
- In 1809 Louis Braille, inventor of a reading system for the blind,
was born in Coupvray, France.
- In 1821 Elizabeth Ann Seton, who would be the first native-born
American saint, died in Emmitsburg, Md.
- In 1885 Dr. William W. Grant of Davenport, Iowa, performed what is
believed to have been the first appendectomy; the patient was
22-year-old Mary Gartside.
- In 1896 Utah was admitted as the 45th state.
- In 1948 Britain granted independence to Burma.
- In 1951 during the Korean conflict, North Korean and Communist
Chinese forces captured the city of Seoul.
- In 1960 French author Albert Camus died in an automobile accident at
- In 1965 poet T.S. Eliot died in London at age 76.
- In 1974 President Nixon refused to hand over tape recordings and
documents subpoenaed by the Senate Watergate Committee.
- In 1987 an Amtrak train bound from Washington to Boston collided
with Conrail engines approaching from a side track in Chase, Md.,
killing 16 people.
- Ten years ago Charles Stuart, who had claimed a gunman had killed
his pregnant wife and wounded him, leaped to his death from a Boston
Harbor bridge after he became a suspect. Deposed Panamanian leader
Manuel Noriega was arraigned in federal district court in Miami on
- Five years ago the 104th Congress convened, the first entirely under
Republican control since the Eisenhower era; Newt Gingrich was
elected speaker of the House.
- One year ago Europe's new currency, the euro, got off to a strong
start on its first trading day, rising against the dollar on world
currency markets. Former professional wrestler Jesse Ventura was
sworn in as Minnesota's 37th governor.
*Happy Birthday 2000*
- Actress Jane Wyman is 86.
- Actress Barbara Rush is 73.
- Football Hall of Fame coach Don Shula is 70.
- Former heavyweight boxing champion Floyd Patterson is 65.
- Actress Dyan Cannon is 63.
- Opera singer Grace Bumbry is 63.
- Maureen Reagan is 59.
- Country singer Kathy Forester (The Forester Sisters) is 45.
- Actress Ann Magnuson is 44.
- Rock musician Bernard Sumner (New Order) is 44.
- Country singer Patty Loveless is 43.
- Rock singer Michael Stipe (R.E.M.) is 40.
- Actor Dave Foley is 37.
- Actress Julia Ormond is 35.
- Tennis player Guy Forget is 35.
- Country singer Deana Carter is 34.
- Rock musician Benjamin Darvill (Crash Test Dummies) is 33.
- Actor Jeremy Licht is 29.
1776: The assembly of New Hampshire adopted its first state
- 1781: A British naval expedition led by Benedict Arnold burned
- 1809: The Treaty of Dardanelles was signed between Britain and
- 1919: The German Workers Party, later to be called the Nazi Party,
- 1925: Nellie Taylor Ross became the first female governor of a
state when she assumed her duties as chief executive of Wyoming to
finish out her late husband's term.
- 1927: Fox Studios exhibited Movietone, a medium which synchronized
sound and motion pictures.
- 1933: Calvin Coolidge, the 30th U.S. president, died.
- 1934: Both the National and the American baseball leagues selected
a uniform ball to be used by both leagues.
- 1940: The FCC heard the very first transmission of the breakthrough
FM radio with its clearer, static-free signal.
- 1943: Educator and scientist George Washington Carver died in
Tuskegee, Ala., at age 81.
- 1945: Pepe LePew made his debut in the Warner Bros. cartoon
- 1956: Elvis Presley recorded "Heartbreak Hotel."
- 1957: Jackie Robinson announced his retirement from baseball.
- 1970: The daytime soap opera "All My Children" debuted on ABC.
- 1971: The Harlem Globetrotters had a 2,495-game winning streak
snapped when they lost, 100-99, to the New Jersey Reds.
- 1972: U.S. President Richard Nixon signed a bill instructing NASA
to begin research on a manned space shuttle.
- 1976: The Khmer Rouge promulgated a new constitution in Cambodia,
renaming it Democratic Kampuchea.
- 1976: "The MacNeil-Lehrer Report" premiered on PBS.
- 1981: Police in England arrested Peter Sutcliffe, a truck driver
later convicted of the "Yorkshire Ripper" murders of 13 women.
- 1993: With 94% of the votes, Reggie Jackson was inducted into
Baseball's Hall of Fame.
- 1997: Russia withdrew the last of its defense ministry troops from
Chechnya, marking a formal end to Moscow's ill-fated military
campaign in the region.
- 1998: Sonny Bono, U.S. pop star-turned-politician and half of the
Sonny and Cher singing duo, died.
- Suzy Amis, 40, actress, "Titanic"
- Robert Duvall, 67, actor
- Umberto Eco, 66, author, "The Name of the Rose"
- Diane Keaton, 52, actress/director
- King Juan Carlos I of Spain, 60
- Ted Lange, 51, actor, "The Love Boat"
- Marilyn Manson, 30, singer/musician
- Pamela Sue Martin, 45, actress, "Dynasty"
- Walter F. Mondale, 70, former vice president
- Charlie Rose, 56, newscaster, TV host
- Kate Schellenbach, 33, musician, Luscious Jackson
- Sam Wyche, 53, NFL coach/commentator
Today is Wednesday, Jan. 5, the fifth day of 2000. There are 361
days left in the year.
- On Jan. 5, 1925, Nellie T. Ross succeeded her late husband as
governor of Wyoming, becoming the first woman governor in U.S.
- In 1589 Catherine de Medici of France died at age 69.
- In 1895 French Capt. Alfred Dreyfus, convicted of treason, was
publicly stripped of his rank. He was ultimately vindicated.
- In 1933 the 30th president of the U.S., Calvin Coolidge, died in
Northampton, Mass., at age 60.
- In 1943 educator and scientist George Washington Carver died in
Tuskegee, Ala., at age 81.
- In 1949 in his State of the Union address, President Truman labeled
his administration the "Fair Deal."
- In 1970 Joseph A. Yablonski, an unsuccessful candidate for the
United Mine Workers presidency, was found murdered with his wife
and daughter at their Clarksville, Pa., home.
- In 1972 President Nixon ordered development of the space shuttle.
- In 1975 "The Wiz," a musical version of L. Frank Baum's "The
Wonderful Wizard of Oz," opened on Broadway with an all-black cast.
- In 1994 Thomas P. "Tip" O'Neill, former speaker of the House, died
in Boston at age 81.
- In 1998 Sonny Bono, the 1960's pop star turned politician, died in a
skiing accident in South Lake Tahoe, Calif.; he was 62.
- Ten years ago President Bush told a news conference the U.S. had a
strong case against deposed Panamanian leader Manuel Noriega and
said he was convinced Noriega would receive a fair trial on
- Five years ago President Clinton received Republican congressional
leaders at the White House, declaring, "We can do a lot of business
together" on reforming the way government works.
- One year ago four U.S. Air Force and Navy jets fired at four Iraqi
MiGs testing the "no-fly" zone over southern Iraq in the first such
confrontation in more than six years.
- Sun Records founder Sam Phillips is 77.
- Former Vice President Walter F. Mondale is 72.
- Actor Robert Duvall is 69.
- Football Hall of Fame coach Chuck Noll is 68.
- King Juan Carlos of Spain is 62.
- Talk show host Charlie Rose is 58.
- Actress-director Diane Keaton is 54.
- Actor Ted Lange is 53.
- Musician George "Funky" Brown (Kool and the Gang) is 51.
- Rock musician Chris Stein (Blondie) is 50.
- Actress Pamela Sue Martin is 47.
- Actor Clancy Brown is 41.
- Actress Suzy Amis is 39.
- Singer Iris Dement is 39.
- Rock musician Kate Schellenbach (Luscious Jackson) is 34.
- Rock singer Marilyn Manson is 31.
1412: According to tradition, Joan of Arc was born in Domremy.
- 1540: King Henry VIII of England married his fourth wife, Anne of
- 1681: The first recorded boxing match took place in England,
between the Duke of Albemarle's butler and his butcher.
- 1759: George Washington and Martha Dandridge Custis married.
- 1838: Samuel Morse publicly demonstrated his telegraph for the
first time in Morristown, N.J.
- 1912: New Mexico was admitted to the United States as the 47th
- 1919: Theodore Roosevelt, the 26th president of the United States,
died in Oyster Bay, N.Y., at age 60.
- 1936: Barbara Hanley of Webbwood, Ont., became Canada's first
- 1941: President Franklin D. Roosevelt delivered his "Four Freedoms"
speech outlining four goals: freedom of speech and expression; the
freedom of every person to worship God in his own way; freedom from
want; and freedom from fear.
- 1942: The Pan American Airways "Pacific Clipper" arrived in New
York after making the first round-the-world trip by a commercial
- 1950: Britain recognized the Communist government of China.
- 1957: Elvis Presley made his seventh and final appearance on the Ed
Sullivan Show on CBS.
- 1964: The Rolling Stones hit the road for the first time as the
headline band of their tour.
- 1967: "The Milton Berle Show" last aired on ABC.
- 1968: Dr. N. E. Shumway performed the first U.S. adult cardiac
transplant operation in California.
- 1971: Berkeley chemists announce the first synthetic production of
- 1973: The five-minute animated lesson series "Schoolhouse Rock"
premiered on ABC with the Multiplication Rock series.
- 1975: "A.M. America," a forerunner of "Good Morning America,"
premiered on ABC; "Wheel Of Fortune" debuted on NBC.
- 1976: Ted Turner purchased the Atlanta Braves for a reported $12
- 1987: Astronomers at the University of California saw the first
sight of the birth of a galaxy containing a billion stars.
- 1994: In Detroit, figure skater Nancy Kerrigan was attacked and
wounded in the knee by competitor Tonya Harding's bodyguard.
- 1995: Lenny Wilkins became the winningest coach in NBA history with
his 939th win: Atlanta Hawks 112, Washington Bullets 90.
- Rowan Atkinson, 42, actor/comedian, "Bean"
- Paul Azinger, 38, golfer
- Syd Barrett, 52, singer/musician, Pink Floyd
- John Z. DeLorean, 73, auto manufacturer
- E. L. Doctorow, 67, novelist
- Bonnie Franklin, 54, actress, "One Day At A Time"
- Lou Holtz, 61, college football coach
- Howie Long, 38, former NFL tackle/actor/broadcaster
- Nancy Lopez-Knight, 41, golfer
- Anthony Minghella, 45, film director, "The English Patient"
- Gabrielle Reece, 28, model/volleyball player
- John Singleton, 31, film director, screenwriter, "Boyz in the Hood"
- Loretta Young, 85, actress
Today is Thursday, Jan. 6, the sixth day of 2000. There are 360 days
left in the year.
- On Jan. 6, 1912, New Mexico became the 47th state.
- In 1412 according to tradition, Joan of Arc was born in Domremy.
- In 1540 England's King Henry VIII took his fourth wife, Anne of
Cleves. The marriage lasted about six months.
- In 1759 George Washington and Martha Dandridge Custis were married.
- In 1838 Samuel Morse first publicly demonstrated his telegraph, in
- In 1919 Theodore Roosevelt, the 26th U.S. president, died in Oyster
Bay, N.Y., at age 60.
- In 1942 the Pan American Airways "Pacific Clipper" arrived in New
York after completing the first round-the-world trip by a commercial
- In 1945 George Herbert Walker Bush married Barbara Pierce in Rye,
- In 1950 Britain recognized the Communist government of China.
- In 1967 U.S. Marines and South Vietnamese troops launched Operation
"Deckhouse V," an offensive in the Mekong River delta.
- In 1993 ballet dancer Rudolf Nureyev died in Paris at age 54; jazz
trumpeter Dizzy Gillespie died in Englewood, N.J., at age 75.
- Ten years ago Defense Secretary Dick Cheney told CNN the U.S.
invasion of Panama should not be viewed as a new "Bush doctrine"
inclined toward military intervention in countries where democratic
elections had been subverted.
- Five years ago Haitians housed at Guantanamo Bay Naval Base in Cuba
were sent home by the U.S. military against the refugees' will and
over protests of refugee advocates.
- One year ago the 106th Congress convened with Dennis Hastert as the
new House speaker. Buckingham Palace announced that Prince Edward,
youngest son of Queen Elizabeth II, would marry his longtime friend,
public relations executive Sophie Rhys-Jones, later in the year.
- Actress Loretta Young is 87.
- Pollster Louis Harris is 79.
- Bluegrass performer Earl Scruggs is 76.
- Former automaker John Z. DeLorean is 75.
- Author E.L. Doctorow is 69.
- Singer Doris Troy is 63.
- Actress Bonnie Franklin is 56.
- Rock singer-musician Kim Wilson (The Fabulous Thunderbirds) is 49.
- Singer Jett Williams is 47.
- Rock musician Malcolm Young (AC-DC) is 47.
- Movie director Anthony Minghella is 46.
- Actor-comedian Rowan Atkinson is 45.
- Golfer Nancy Lopez is 43.
- Rhythm-and-blues singer Eric Williams (BLACKstreet) is 40.
- Rock musician Michael Houser (Widespread Panic) is 38.
- Movie director John Singleton is 32.
- Actor Danny Pintauro ("Who's the Boss?") is 24.
7 1610: Galileo Galilei discovered the first three Jupiter satellites,
Io, Europa and Ganymede.
- 1714: The typewriter was patented by Englishman Henry Mill.
- 1782: The first commercial bank in the United States, the Bank of
North America, opened in Philadelphia.
- 1785: Dr. John Jeffers and Jean-Pierre Blanchard made the first
balloon flight across the English Channel, crossing from Dover,
England to Calais, France.
- 1789: The first U.S. presidential election was held. Americans
voted for electors who, one month later, chose George Washington to
be the nation's first president.
- 1830: The world's first railway station was opened at Mount Clare
- 1894: One of the earliest motion picture experiments took place at
the Thomas Edison studio in West Orange, N.J., as comedian Fred Ott
was filmed sneezing.
- 1913: William M. Burton patented a process to "crack" petroleum,
converting oil to produce gasoline.
- 1927: Commercial transatlantic telephone service was inaugurated
between New York and London.
- 1927: The Harlem Globetrotters played their first game in Hinckley,
- 1929: "Buck Rogers," the first science fiction comic strip,
premiered, as did "Tarzan," one of the first adventure comic strips.
- 1942: The World War II siege of Bataan began.
- 1944: The Air Force announced the production of the first U.S. jet
fighter, the Bell P-59 Airacomet.
- 1949: The first photograph of genes was taken at the University of
Southern California by Dr. Daniel Chapin Pease and Dr. Richard
- 1953: President Truman announced in his State of the Union address
that the United States had developed a hydrogen bomb.
- 1959: The United States recognized Fidel Castro's new government in
- 1970: Neighboring farmers sued Max Yasgur for $35,000 in damages
caused by Woodstock.
- 1975: Led Zeppelin fans rioted before a Boston concert, causing
$30,000 worth of damage and the cancellation of the concert.
- 1979: Vietnamese forces captured the capital of Phnom Penh,
overthrowing the Khmer Rouge government.
- 1990: The Leaning Tower of Pisa, officially listed a public danger,
was closed to tourists for the first time in its 800-year history
for restoration work.
- 1998: Spanish police foiled a suspected mass suicide planned by 32
members of a sect who believed their souls would be carried away by
a spaceship from the summit of Tenerife's Teide volcano.
- William Peter Blatty, 70, novelist, "The Exorcist"
- Nicolas Cage, 34, actor
- Katie Couric, 41, co-anchor, "Today"
- Doug E. Doug, 29, actor, "Cosby"
- Erin Gray, 46, actress, "Buck Rogers," "Silver Spoons"
- Kenny Loggins, 50, singer
- Paul Revere, 60, singer/musician, Paul Revere & the Raiders
- Jann S. Wenner, 52, publisher/journalist, "Rolling Stone"
Today is Friday, Jan. 7, the seventh day of 2000. There are 359 days
left in the year.
- One year ago, on Jan. 7, 1999, for the second time in history, an
impeached American president went on trial before the Senate. Bill
Clinton was ultimately acquitted of charges of perjury and
obstruction of justice.
- In 1610 the astronomer Galileo Galilei sighted four of Jupiter's
- In 1800 Millard Fillmore, the 13th U.S. president, was born in
- In 1894 one of the earliest motion picture experiments took place at
the Thomas Edison studio in West Orange, N.J., as comedian Fred Ott
was filmed sneezing.
- In 1927 commercial transatlantic telephone service was inaugurated
between New York and London.
- In 1942 the World War II siege of Bataan began.
- In 1953 President Truman announced in his State of the Union address
that the U.S. had developed a hydrogen bomb.
- In 1959 the U.S. recognized Fidel Castro's new government in Cuba.
- In 1972 Lewis F. Powell Jr. and William H. Rehnquist were sworn in
as justices of the U.S. Supreme Court, the 99th and 100th in history.
- In 1979 Vietnamese forces captured the Cambodian capital of Phnom
Penh, overthrowing the Khmer Rouge government.
- In 1989 Emperor Hirohito of Japan died in Tokyo at age 87; he was
succeeded by his son, Crown Prince Akihito.
- Ten years ago the president of El Salvador, Alfredo Cristiani, said
in a nationally broadcast address that military men two months
earlier had massacred six Jesuit priests, their housekeeper and her
- Five years ago Maj. Gen. Viktor Vorobyov, a senior commander leading
Russian troops in their advance on the secessionist capital of
Chechnya, was killed by a mortar shell.
- Author William Peter Blatty is 72.
- Country singer Jack Greene is 70.
- Pop musician Paul Revere is 58.
- Magazine publisher Jann Wenner is 54.
- Singer Kenny Loggins is 52.
- Singer-songwriter Marshall Chapman is 51.
- Actor Sammo Hung ("Martial Law") is 48.
- "Today" show co-host Katie Couric is 43.
- Country singer David Lee Murphy is 41.
- Rock musician Kathy Valentine (The Go-Go's) is 41.
- Actor David Marciano is 40.
- Actor Nicolas Cage is 36.
- Actor Doug E. Doug ("Cosby") is 30.
- Country singer-musician John Rich (Lonestar) is 26.
- Actor Dustin Diamond ("Saved by the Bell: The New Class") is 23.
8 1642: Astronomer Galileo Galilei died in Arcetri, Italy.
- 1815: U.S. forces led by Gen. Andrew Jackson defeated the British
in the Battle of New Orleans.
- 1838: The first telegraph message was sent using dots and dashes.
- 1867: African American males were given the right to vote in the
- 1889: Dr. Herman Hollerith received the first U.S. patent for a
- 1918: Mississippi became the first state to ratify a proposed
amendment to the U.S. Constitution prohibiting the sale, manufacture
or transportation of liquor. President Woodrow Wilson presented
fourteen specific war aims for World War I, which later became the
basis of the Treaty of Versailles which would end the war.
- 1935: Elvis Presley was born in Tupelo, Miss.
- 1962: Jack Nicklaus, 21, placed 50th in the Los Angeles Open, his
first pro appearance, winning $33.33.
- 1963: The "Mona Lisa," on loan from France, was first unveiled in
America at the National Gallery of Art in Washington.
- 1966: The Who and the Kinks performed on the last "Shindig" TV show
- 1968: Jacques Cousteau's first undersea special aired on U.S.
- 1975: Judge John J. Sirica ordered the prison release of Watergate
figures John W. Dean III, Herbert W. Kalmbach and Jeb Stuart
- 1982: AT&T settled the Justice Department's antitrust lawsuit
against it by agreeing to divest itself of the 22 Bell System
- 1985: The U.S. Post Office issued a set of stamps to mark the 50th
Anniversary of the birth of Elvis Presley.
- 1992: President Bush got ill, collapsed during a state dinner in
Tokyo, and threw up on the Japanese Prime Minister's lap.
- 1993: NBC decided to offer "The Tonight Show" to David Letterman
after repeatedly assuring Jay Leno he had the job. Michael Jordan
scored his 20,000th career point.
- Shirley Bassey, 62, singer, "Goldfinger"
- David Bowie, 52, singer
- Bob Eubanks, 61, game show host
- Stephen Hawking, 57, scientist/author, "A Brief History of Time"
- Gaby Hoffman, 17, actress, "Sleepless in Seattle," "Now and Then"
- R. Kelly, 30, Grammy Award nominated singer
- Robby Kreiger, 53, musician/songwriter, The Doors
- John McTiernan, 48, film director, "Die Hard," "Hunt for Red
- Yvette Mimieux, 60, actress
- Kathleen Noone, 53, actress, "Party of Five," "Sunset Beach"
- Charles Osgood, 66, newscaster/journalist, CBS News
- Sarah Polley, 20, actress, "The Sweet Hereafter"
- Soupy Sales, 73, comedian
- Sander Vanocur, 71, broadcast journalist
Today is Saturday, Jan. 8, the eighth day of 2000. There are 358
days left in the year.
- On Jan. 8, 1935, rock-and-roll legend Elvis Presley was born in
- In 1642 astronomer Galileo Galilei died in Arcetri, Italy.
- In 1815 U.S. forces led by Gen. Andrew Jackson defeated the British
in the Battle of New Orleans, the closing engagement of the War of
- In 1894 fire caused serious damage at the World's Columbian
Exposition in Chicago.
- In 1918 President Wilson outlined his 14 points for peace after
World War I. Mississippi became the first state to ratify a proposed
amendment to the U.S. Constitution prohibiting the sale, manufacture
or transportation of liquor.
- In 1964 President Johnson declared a War on Poverty.
- In 1973 secret peace talks between the U.S. and North Vietnam
resumed near Paris.
- In 1976 Chinese premier Chou En-lai died in Beijing at age 78.
- In 1982 American Telephone and Telegraph settled the Justice
Department's antitrust lawsuit by agreeing to divest itself of the
22 Bell System companies.
- In 1987 for the first time, the Dow Jones industrial average closed
above 2,000, ending the day at 2,002.25.
- Ten years ago military tribunals in Romania began trials of the
country's dreaded security forces who stood accused of resisting
the revolution that toppled Nicolae Ceausescu.
- Five years ago Russian forces in Chechnya pounded the capital of
Grozny with rocket and mortar fire in an attempt to scatter Chechen
fighters defending the presidential palace.
- One year ago by a unanimous vote, the U.S. Senate formally ratified
the rules for President Clinton's impeachment trial. The top two
executives of Salt Lake City's Olympic Organizing Committee resigned
amid disclosures that civic boosters had given cash to members of
the International Olympic Committee.
- Actor-comedian Larry Storch is 77.
- Actor Ron Moody is 76.
- Comedian Soupy Sales is 74.
- Broadcast journalist Sander Vanocur is 72.
- CBS newsman Charles Osgood is 67.
- Singer Shirley Bassey is 63.
- Country-gospel singer Cristy Lane is 60.
- Physicist Stephen Hawking is 58.
- Rock musician Robby Krieger (The Doors) is 54.
- Rock singer David Bowie is 53.
- Movie director John McTiernan is 49.
- Actress Maria Pitillo is 35.
- Singer R. Kelly is 31.
- Actress Jenny Lewis is 24.
- Actress Gaby Hoffman ("Now and Then") is 18.
9 1718: France declared war on Spain.
- 1788: Connecticut became the fifth state by ratifying the
Constitution of the United States.
- 1793: The first hot-air balloon flight in the U.S. lifted off in
Philadelphia with Jean-Pierre Blanchard of France as the balloonist.
- 1799: The first income tax was imposed in England.
- 1848: The first commercial bank in San Francisco was established.
- 1861: The Star of the West, a merchant vessel bringing
reinforcements to Federal troops at Fort Sumter, S.C., retreated
after being fired on by a battery in the harbor. It was the first
hostile act of the Civil War. Mississippi became the second state
to secede from the Union.
- 1894: The film "Edison Kinetoscopic Record of a Sneeze" was
released to theaters.
- 1903: Two N.Y. businessmen bought the struggling American League
Baltimore baseball franchise for $18,000 and moved it to New York,
where it became the Yankees.
- 1913: Richard Milhous Nixon, the 37th president of the United
States, was born in Yorba Linda, Calif.
- 1942: The U.S. Joint Chiefs of Staff was created.
- 1945: American soldiers led by Gen. Douglas MacArthur invaded Luzon
in the Philippines.
- 1951: The Washington Capitals NBA club folded.
- 1956: "Dear Abby," an advice column written by Abigail Van Buren,
made its debut.
- 1967: The NFL's New Orleans franchise took the name the Saints.
- 1968: The "Surveyor Seven" space probe made a soft landing on the
moon, marking the end of the American series of unmanned
explorations of the lunar surface.
- 1969: The Concorde jetliner made its first test flight, in Bristol,
- 1990: The Supreme Court struck down Dallas' ordinance imposing
strict zoning on sexually oriented businesses.
- 1991: A special committee of the Major League Baseball authorities
officially banned all-time hit leader Pete Rose from being elected
into the Hall of Fame.
- 1992: Serbs in Bosnia-Herzegovina declared their own republic and
said it would remain part of federal Yugoslavia.
- 1996: International donors pledged a total of $1.37 billion dollars
in aid to the new Palestinian Authority.
- 1998: Northern Ireland Secretary Mo Mowlam met convicted loyalist
killers in Belfast's Maze prison. Later the prisoners voted to send
their political allies back into multi-party peace talks.
- Joan Baez, 58, folk singer
- Frank J. Biondi Jr., 54, HBO president
- Muggsy Bogues, 34, NBA guard
- K Callan, 57, actress, "Lois & Clark"
- Bob Denver, 64, actor, "Gilligan's Island"
- Dick Enberg, 64, sportscaster
- Crystal Gayle, 48, country singer
- David Johansen (a.k.a. Buster Poindexter), 49, singer/musician
- Judith Krantz, 71, novelist
- Dave Matthews, 32, singer/musician
- Jimmy Page, 55, guitarist, Led Zeppelin
- Joely Richardson, 34, actress, "101 Dalmatians"
Today is Sunday, Jan. 9, the ninth day of 2000. There are 357 days
left in the year.
- On Jan. 9, 1788, Connecticut became the fifth state to ratify the
- In 1861 Mississippi seceded from the Union.
- In 1913 Richard Milhous Nixon, the 37th president of the U.S., was
born in Yorba Linda, Calif.
- In 1945 during World War II, American forces began landing at
Lingayen Gulf in the Philippines.
- In 1957 Anthony Eden resigned as British prime minister.
- In 1964 anti-U.S. rioting broke out in the Panama Canal Zone,
leaving 21 Panamanians and three U.S. soldiers dead.
- In 1968 the Surveyor Seven space probe made a soft landing on the
moon, marking the end of the American series of unmanned
explorations of the lunar surface.
- In 1972 reclusive billionaire Howard Hughes, speaking by telephone
from the Bahamas to reporters in Hollywood, said a purported
biography of him by Clifford Irving was a fake.
- In 1980 Saudi Arabia beheaded 63 people for their roles in the
November 1979 raid on the Grand Mosque in Mecca.
- Ten years ago the space shuttle Columbia was launched on a 10-day
mission that included retrieving a drifting scientific satellite.
- Five years ago in New York, trials began for Sheik Omar Abdel-Rahman
and 11 other defendants accused of conspiring to wage a holy war
against the U.S. Nine were convicted of seditious conspiracy, and
two reached plea agreements with the government. Severe flooding
forced people to flee resort communities in the hills north of San
- One year ago presidential advisers prepared a public and legal
defense in President Clinton's impeachment trial on charges of
perjury and obstruction of justice; Senate Majority Leader Trent
Lott, meanwhile, pledged "above all, fairness" to the president.
- Actor Herbert Lom is 83.
- Author Judith Krantz is 72.
- Football Hall of Famer Bart Starr is 66.
- Sportscaster Dick Enberg is 65.
- Actor Bob Denver is 65.
- Country singer Big Al Downing is 60.
- Actor-singer Jimmy Boyd ("I Saw Mommy Kissing Santa Claus") is 60.
- Folk singer Joan Baez is 59.
- Actress Susannah York is 59.
- Rock musician Jimmy Page (Led Zeppelin) is 56.
- Pop singer Bill Cowsill is 52.
- Singer David Johanson (aka Buster Poindexter) is 50.
- Singer Crystal Gayle is 49.
- Rock musician Eric Erlandson (Hole) is 37.
- Actress Joely Richardson is 35.
- Rock singer-musician Dave Matthews is 33.
- Singer A.J. McLean (Backstreet Boys) is 22.
10 1645: William Laud, Archbishop of Canterbury, was beheaded
- 1778: Carolus Linnaeus, Swedish botanist, born. He founded
the modern scientific system for naming plants and animals.
- 1861: Florida became the third American state to secede
from the Union and join the Confederacy.
- 1863: The world's first underground train service, London's
Metropolitan line between Paddington and Farringdon, was opened.
- 1912: The first flying boat, designed by Glenn Curtiss,
made its maiden flight at Hammondsport, N.Y.
- 1917: William Frederick Cody, army scout and Indian fighter
known as Buffalo Bill, died.
- 1920: The League of Nations came into being.
- 1934: Marinus van der Lubbe was guillotined in Germany for
allegedly burning down the Reichstag.
- 1946: The League of Nations was officially superseded by
the United Nations when the first meeting of the General
Assembly began in London.
- 1961: Samuel Dashiell Hammett, U.S. crime writer, died. He
wrote the "The Maltese Falcon" and influenced a generation of
- 1964: Panama severed diplomatic relations with the United
States after what it termed "unjustifiable aggression" by U.S.
troops the previous day.
- 1969: Sweden announced it had established diplomatic
relations with North Vietnam, the first Western country to do so.
- 1971: French fashion designer Coco Chanel died.
- 1984: In Bulgaria, 50 people were killed when a Bulgarian
Tupolev 134 crashed as it was about to land at Sofia airport.
- 1990: China lifted martial law, imposed after the June 1989
Tiananmen Square massacre.
- 1994: Uzbekistan and Kazakhstan agreed to abolish trade
tariffs and form a common market.
- 1994: U.S. President Bill Clinton, visiting Kiev, announced
a deal under which Ukraine would give up the world's third
largest nuclear arsenal.
- 1996: Israel freed hundreds of Palestinian prisoners to
jubilant relatives in the West Bank and Gaza, days before the
first Palestinian national elections.
- 1997: Italian tenor Alvinio Misciano, a singing teacher of
superstar Luciano Pavarotti, was killed in a fall from a window
of his home in Milan. Right-winger Arnoldo Aleman was sworn in as
president of Nicaragua in what was billed as the first democratic,
peaceful transfer of power in the country's modern history.
- 1998: Former Zambian president Kenneth Kaunda was formally charged
with backing an attempted coup in October 1997.
- Trini Alvarado, 32, actor, "The Frighteners"
- Pat Benatar, 46, musician
- Shawn Colvin, 41, singer/guitarist
- Donald Fagen, 51, musician Steely Dan
- George Foreman, 50, boxer, actor
- Harry Gant, 59, ex-NASCAR driver
- Frank Mahovlich, 61, NHL Hall of Famer
- Willie McCovey, 61 MLB Hall of Famer
- Julie Moran, 37, "Entertainment Tonight"
- Bobby Rahal, 46, auto racer
- Glenn Robinson, 26, NBA forward
- Frank Sinatra Jr., 55, singer, actor, famous son
- Rod Stewart, 54, singer, musician
Today is Monday, Jan. 10, the 10th day of 2000. There are 356 days
left in the year.
- On Jan. 10, 1776, Thomas Paine published his influential pamphlet,
- In 1861 Florida seceded from the Union.
- In 1870 John D. Rockefeller incorporated Standard Oil.
- In 1920 the League of Nations was established as the Treaty of
Versailles went into effect.
- In 1928 the Soviet Union ordered the exile of Leon Trotsky.
- In 1946 the first General Assembly of the U.N. convened in London.
- In 1957 Harold Macmillan became prime minister of Britain, following
the resignation of Anthony Eden.
- In 1967 Massachusetts Republican Edward W. Brooke, the first black
elected to the U.S. Senate by popular vote, took his seat.
- In 1980 former AFL-CIO president George Meany died in Washington,
D.C., at age 85.
- In 1984 the U.S. and the Vatican established full diplomatic
relations for the first time in more than a century.
- Ten years ago Chinese Premier Li Peng lifted Beijing's 7-month-old
martial law and said that by crushing pro-democracy protests the
army had saved China from "the abyss of misery."
- Five years ago Russia announced a 48-hour truce in breakaway
Chechnya, but the cease-fire fell apart after a few hours. President
Clinton declared flood-stricken areas of California major disaster
- One year ago Republicans and Democrats disagreed over whether to
call witnesses in President Clinton's impeachment trial, with
Republicans pressing to hear testimony from Monica Lewinsky and
others, and Democrats saying such testimony could unnecessarily
prolong the proceedings.
- Singer Gisele MacKenzie is 73.
- Opera singer Sherrill Milnes is 65.
- Rock singer-musician Ronnie Hawkins is 65.
- Baseball Hall of Famer Willie McCovey is 62.
- Singer Scott McKenzie is 61.
- Movie director Walter Hill is 58.
- Singer Frank Sinatra Jr. is 56.
- Singer Rod Stewart is 55.
- Rock singer-musician Donald Fagen (Steely Dan) is 52.
- Boxer George Foreman is 51.
- Singer Pat Benatar is 47.
- Rock musician Michel Schenker (The Scorpions) is 45.
- Singer Shawn Colvin is 42.
- Rock singer-musician Curt Kirkwood (Meat Puppets) is 41.
- Actor Evan Handler is 39.
- Rock singer Brad Roberts (Crash Test Dummies) is 36.
- Actress Trini Alvarado is 33.
- Rapper Chris Smith (Kris Kross) is 21.
11 1503: Parmigianino, Italian painter and one of the first to
rebel against High Renaissance art, born as Girolamo Francesco
- 1815: Sir John A. Macdonald, Canada's first prime minister
from 1867-73, born.
- 1843: Francis Scott Key, U.S. lawyer and poet who wrote the
words to the national anthem "The Star Spangled Banner," died.
- 1861: Alabama seceded from the Union and joined the
- 1866: The steamship London sank in a storm off Land's End,
England, killing more than 220.
- 1891: Georges-Eugene Haussmann, French civil servant, died;
he was responsible for the modernization and rebuilding of Paris
during the Second Empire.
- 1904: The Herero people of South West Africa, now Namibia,
began an uprising against the German colonizers.
- 1922: A 14-year-old Canadian boy, Leonard Thompson, became
the first person to have his diabetes successfully treated with
- 1928: Thomas Hardy, English novelist and poet, died. Noted for
his books "The Mayor of Casterbridge" and "Tess of the
- 1943: The United States and Britain signed treaties with China,
renouncing their extra-territorial rights.
- 1946: Albania became a people's republic after King Zog was
- 1962: More than 3,000 people were killed in a landslide in
- 1963: The first discotheque, the Whisky-A-Go-Go, opened in
- 1966: Lal Bahadur Shastri, Indian statesman, died. He became
prime minister after the death of Jawaharlal Nehru in 1964.
- 1974: The first sextuplets to survive were born to Sue
Rosenkowitz in Cape Town, South Africa.
- 1976: A three-man military junta seized power from President
Guillermo Rodriguez Lara in Ecuador.
- 1981: Three-man British team led by Sir Ranulph Fiennes completed
the longest and fastest crossing of Antarctica, reaching Scott Base
after 75 days and 2,500 miles.
- 1990: Some 200,000 people demanded a return of Lithuania's
independence, ended by the Red Army in 1940, after visiting Soviet
leader Mikhail Gorbachev warned that separatism could lead to
- 1991: Soviet troops stormed strategic buildings in the
Lithuanian capital Vilnius to block a bid for independence.
- 1992: Algeria's President Chadli announced his resignation
amid a political crisis following gains by the Islamic Salvation
Front in the first round of general elections.
- 1994: The Irish government announced the end of a 20-year
broadcasting ban on the IRA and its political arm, Sinn Fein.
- 1995: A 9-year-old girl escaped from a plane crash when she was
thrown clear of the jet as it plunged into a lake before it was due
to land in the Colombian Caribbean resort of Cartagena. All 51 other
- 1998: Gunmen massacred at least 22 Shiite Muslims and wounded 51
at a religious service in the Pakistani city of Lahore.
- Mary J. Blige, 28, singer
- Brett Bodine, 40, auto racer
- Tracy Caulkins, 36, Olymipic gold medal swimmer
- Jean Chretien, 65, Canadian Prime Minister
- Clarence Clemmons, 57, saxophonist with the E-Street Band
- Ben Crenshaw, 47, golfer
- Naomi Judd, 53, country singer
- Lee Ritenour, 47, guitarist
Today is Tuesday, Jan. 11, the 11th day of 2000. There are 355 days
left in the year.
- On Jan. 11, 1935, aviator Amelia Earhart began a trip from Honolulu
to Oakland, Calif., that made her the first woman to fly solo across
- In 1757 Alexander Hamilton, the first secretary of the U.S. Treasury,
was born in the West Indies.
- In 1805 the Michigan Territory was created.
- In 1815 Sir John A. Macdonald, the first prime minister of Canada,
was born in Glasgow, Scotland.
- In 1861 Alabama seceded from the Union.
- In 1913 the first sedan-type automobile, a Hudson, went on display
at the 13th Automobile Show in New York.
- In 1942 Japan declared war against the Netherlands, the same day
that Japanese forces invaded the Dutch East Indies.
- In 1943 the U.S. and Britain signed treaties relinquishing
extraterritorial rights in China.
- In 1964 Surgeon General Luther Terry issued the first government
report saying smoking may be hazardous to one's health.
- In 1973 owners of American League baseball teams voted to adopt the
designated-hitter rule on a trial basis.
- In 1978 two Soviet cosmonauts aboard the Soyuz 27 capsule linked up
with the Salyut Six orbiting space station, where the Soyuz 26
capsule was already docked.
- Ten years ago Soviet President Mikhail S. Gorbachev visited
Lithuania, where he sought to assure supporters of independence that
they would have a say in their republic's future.
- Five years ago President Clinton and Japanese Prime Minister
Tomiichi Murayama held a low-key summit in Washington, playing down
differences over trade. A 9-year-old girl survived a Colombian
airliner crash that killed the other 52 people aboard near the
Caribbean resort of Cartagena.
- One year ago President Clinton and House Republicans clashed in
impeachment trial papers, with the White House claiming the perjury
and obstruction allegations fell short of high crimes and
misdemeanors and GOP lawmakers rebutting: "If this is not enough,
- Producer Grant Tinker is 74.
- Producer David L. Wolper is 72.
- Actor Rod Taylor is 70.
- Canadian Prime Minister Jean Chretien is 66.
- Actor Mitchell Ryan ("Dharma and Greg") is 66.
- Musician Clarence Clemons (Bruce Springsteen & E Street Band) is 58.
- Country singer Naomi Judd is 54.
- Golfer Ben Crenshaw is 48.
- Singer Robert Earl Keen is 44.
- Actress Kim Coles is 38.
- Actor Jason Connery is 37.
- Rhythm-and-blues singer Maxee Maxwell (Brownstone) is 31.
- Singer Mary J. Blige is 29.
- Musician Tom Rowlands (The Chemical Brothers) is 29.
- Actress Amanda Peet is 28.
12 1519: Maximilian I, German king and Holy Roman Emperor,
died. He was responsible for making the Habsburg family dominant
in 16th century Europe.
- 1580: Jean Baptiste van Helmont, Belgian chemist, born. He
invented the word gas and was the first chemist to take the
melting point of ice and the boiling point of water as standards
- 1729: Edmund Burke, British politician, political thinker
and author of "Reflections on the Revolution in France," was born.
- 1737: John Hancock, American Revolutionary leader and first
signer of the Declaration of Independence, was born.
- 1773: The first public museum in America was organized in
- 1816: France decreed that the Bonaparte family should be
excluded from the country forever.
- 1879: The Zulu War began between the British of the Cape
Colony and the natives of Zululand.
- 1893: Nazi leader Hermann Goering born; a World War I fighter ace,
Goering was Hitler's chief lieutenant until the Battle of Britain.
He committed suicide after being sentenced to death at Nuremberg in
- 1932: Hattie W. Caraway, a Democrat from Arkansas, became the first
woman to be elected to the U.S. Senate.
- 1950: The Soviet Union re-introduced the death penalty for treason,
espionage and sabotage.
- 1950: A Swedish tanker struck the British submarine Truculent during
the submarine's trials in the River Thames. Only 15 of 70 men on the
- 1954: Queen Elizabeth opened a special session of the New Zealand
parliament - the first time the Queen opened a Commonwealth
parliament outside the United Kingdom.
- 1960: Nevil Shute, British novelist and author of "On the Beach" and
"A Town Like Alice," died.
- 1964: One month after Zanzibar became independent, the ruling
Zanzibar National Party government was overthrown in a coup.
- 1970: A Boeing 747 Jumbo jet arrived at London's Heathrow airport
after its first proving flight from New York.
- 1974: Libya and Tunisia announced they were to merge under the
combined name of the "Islamic Arab Republic."
- 1976: Dame Agatha Christie, queen of the detective story and creator
of detectives Hercule Poirot and Miss Marple, died.
- 1977: Anti-French demonstrations took place in Israel after Paris
released Abu Daoud, responsible for leading the 1972 Munich massacre
of Israeli athletes.
- 1990: Romania outlawed the Communist Party, the first Eastern
European state and Warsaw Pact member to do so.
- 1991: Both houses of Congress voted to authorize President Bush to
use force to compel Iraq to withdraw from Kuwait.
- 1992: The second round of Algeria's general elections was canceled
after strong gains by the Islamic Salvation Front in the first
- 1996: Russian troops arrived in Bosnia at the start of the first
joint operation with U.S. forces in a potential combat zone since
World War II.
- Kirstie Alley, 44, actress
- The Amazing Kreskin, 64, illusionist
- P. W. Botha, 83, former pro-apartheid South African president
- Tom Dempsey, 52, NFL record-holder (tied for longest field goal at
- Joe Frazier, 55, boxer
- Rush Limbaugh, 48, commentator
- Bill Madlock, 48, MLB four-time NL batting champ
- Drew Pearson, 48, former NFL all-pro receiver
- Howard Stern, 45, radio shock jock
- Ricky Van Shelton, 47, country musician
- Vendela, 32, model, actress
- Wayne Wang, 50, movie director/producer
- Dominique Wilkins, 39, NBA forward
Today is Wednesday, Jan. 12, the 12th day of 2000. There are 354
days left in the year.
- On Jan. 12, 1948, the Supreme Court ruled that states could not
discriminate against law-school applicants because of race.
- In 1519 Holy Roman Emperor Maximilian I died.
- In 1773 the first public museum in America was established, in
- In 1915 the House of Representatives rejected a proposal to give
women the right to vote.
- In 1932 Hattie W. Caraway became the first woman elected to the U.S.
- In 1942 President Roosevelt created the National War Labor Board.
- In 1945 during World War II, Soviet forces began a huge offensive
against the Germans in Eastern Europe.
- In 1964 leftist rebels in Zanzibar began their successful revolt
against the government.
- In 1966 President Johnson said in his State of the Union address
that the U.S. should stay in South Vietnam until Communist
aggression there was ended.
- In 1969 the New York Jets defeated the Baltimore Colts 16-7 in Super
Bowl III, played at the Orange Bowl in Miami.
- In 1971 the situation comedy "All in the Family" premiered on CBS-TV.
- Ten years ago astronauts aboard the space shuttle Columbia retrieved
an 11-ton floating science laboratory in a rescue mission that kept
the satellite from plunging to Earth.
- Five years ago in Port-au-Prince, Haiti, an American soldier was
killed and another wounded during a shootout with a former Haitian
army officer who also was killed. Qubilah Shabazz, the daughter of
Malcolm X, was arrested in Minneapolis on charges that she had tried
to hire a hitman to kill Nation of Islam leader Louis Farrakhan; the
charges were later dropped.
- One year ago the Supreme Court limited state regulation of voter
initiatives, striking down several methods used by Colorado to
police such measures. Mark McGwire's 70th home run ball was sold at
auction in New York for $3 million to an anonymous bidder.
- Actress Luise Rainer is 90.
- Former South African President P.W. Botha is 84.
- Country singer Ray Price is 74.
- Singer Ruth Brown is 72.
- Singer Glenn Yarborough is 70.
- The "Amazing Kreskin" is 65.
- Country singer William Lee Golden (The Oak Ridge Boys) is 61.
- Former heavyweight boxing champion Joe Frazier is 56.
- Singer-musician George Duke is 54.
- Rock musician Cynthia Robinson (Sly and the Family Stone) is 54.
- Actor Anthony Andrews is 52.
- Political commentator Rush Limbaugh is 49.
- Country singer Ricky Van Shelton is 48.
- Radio personality Howard Stern is 46.
- Actress Kirstie Alley is 45.
- Rock musician Tom Ardolino (NRBQ) is 43.
- Rock musician Charlie Gillingham (Counting Crows) is 40.
- Rock singer Rob Zombie is 34.
- Rapper TBird (B-Rock and the Bizz) is 33.
- Model-actress Vendela is 33.
- Rock musician Matt Wong (Reel Big Fish) is 27.
13 1559: Elizabeth I was crowned queen of England in Westminster Abbey.
- 1610: Galileo Galilei discovered Callisto, the fourth satellite of
- 1733: James Oglethorpe and 130 English colonists arrived at
Charleston, S.C., to settle the area that is present-day Georgia.
- 1794: President Washington approved a measure adding two stars and
two stripes to the American flag, following the admission of Vermont
and Kentucky to the union.
- 1863: Thomas Crapper pioneered the one-piece pedestal flushing
- 1893: The British Independent Labor Party was founded with Keir
Hardie as its leader.
- 1898: French author Emile Zola published his "J'Accuse" letter,
accusing the French government of a cover-up in the Alfred Dreyfus
- 1941: Irish author James Joyce, whose works included "Ulysses,"
died in Zurich, Switzerland.
- 1942: Henry Ford patented a method of constructing plastic auto
- 1957: The Wham-O Company developed the first Frisbee.
- 1966: Robert C. Weaver became the first black Cabinet member as he
was appointed Secretary of Housing and Urban Development by
President Lyndon B. Johnson; Tabitha Stevens was born on
- 1967: The Rolling Stones appeared on "The Ed Sullivan Show," but
were forced to change the lyrics of "Let's Spend The Night
Together" to "Let's Spend Some Time Together."
- 1968: Minnesota North Stars center Bill Masterton was fatally
injured when he was checked into the boards and fell heavily to the
- 1976: Sarah Caldwell became the first woman to conduct at New
York's Metropolitan Opera House as she led the orchestra in a
performance of "La Traviata."
- 1982: An Air Florida 737 taking off in a snowstorm crashed into
Washington, D.C.'s 14th Street Bridge and sunk into the Potomac
River, killing 78 people.
- 1982: Hank Aaron and Frank Robinson were elected to the Hall of
Fame in their first year of eligibility.
- 1983: Citing Muhammad Ali's deteriorating physical condition, the
AMA called for the banning of prizefighting because new evidence
suggested that chronic brain damage is prevalent in boxers.
- 1989: "Ryan's Hope" ended its 13-1/2-year run on ABC.
- 1989: Computers across Britain were hit by the "Friday the 13th"
- 1990: L. Douglas Wilder of Virginia became the nation's first
elected black governor as he took the oath of office in Richmond.
- 1992: U.S. serial killer Jeffrey Dahmer pleaded guilty but insane
to the murders of 15 young men and boys.
- 1994: Tonya Harding's bodyguard, Shawn Eric Eckardt, and Derrick
Brian Smith were arrested and charged with conspiracy in the attack
of skater Nancy Kerrigan.
- 1995: The America3 became the first all-female crew to win an
America's Cup race by defeating four-time champion Dennis Connor
and the Stars & Stripes on the first day of the defenders trials.
- Kevin Anderson, 39, actor, "Nothing Sacred"
- Army Archerd, 80, entertainment columnist
- Keith Coogan, 29, actor, "Toy Soldiers"
- Patrick Dempsey, 33, actor, "Outbreak"
- Nicole Eggert, 27, actress, "Baywatch"
- Julia Louis-Dreyfus, 38, actress, "Seinfield"
- Penelope Ann Miller, 35, actress, "The Relic"
- Richard Moll, 56, actor, "Night Court"
- Charles Nelson Reilly, 68, actor, "The X-Files"
- Robert Stack, 80, actor/TV host, "Unsolved Mysteries"
- Frances Sternhagen, 69, actress, "Misery"
- Rip Taylor, 64, comedian
Today is Thursday, Jan. 13, the 13th day of 2000. There are 353 days
left in the year.
- On Jan. 13, 1794, President Washington approved a measure adding two
stars and two stripes to the American flag, following the admission
of Vermont and Kentucky to the union. The number of stripes was
later reduced to 13.
- In 1864 composer Stephen Foster died in New York.
- In 1893 Britain's Independent Labor Party, a precursor to the
current Labor Party, first met.
- In 1898 Emile Zola's famous defense of Capt. Alfred Dreyfus,
"J'accuse," was published in Paris.
- In 1941 novelist James Joyce died in Zurich, Switzerland.
- In 1962 comedian Ernie Kovacs died in a car crash in west Los
- In 1966 Robert C. Weaver, President Johnson's secretary of Housing
and Urban Development, became the first black Cabinet member.
- In 1978 former Vice President Hubert H. Humphrey died in Waverly,
Minn., at age 66.
- In 1992 Japan apologized for forcing tens of thousands of Korean
women to serve as sex slaves for Japanese soldiers during World War
- In 1993 former East German leader Erich Honecker was freed from
prison and allowed to leave for Chile.
- Ten years ago L. Douglas Wilder of Virginia, the nation's first
elected black governor, took the oath of office in Richmond.
- Five years ago Italy named Treasury Minister Lamberto Dini its prime
minister. Authorities in the Philippines said they had unearthed a
conspiracy by militant Muslims to assassinate Pope John Paul II
during his visit.
- One year ago President Clinton's legal team dispatched a formal
trial brief to the Senate, arguing that neither "fact or law"
warranted his removal from office; House officials sent the Senate
all public evidence in the case. Michael Jordan announced his
retirement from the Chicago Bulls.
- Actor Robert Stack is 81.
- Hollywood columnist Army Archerd is 78.
- Actress-singer-dancer Gwen Verdon is 75.
- Actress Frances Sternhagen is 70.
- Actor-director Charles Nelson Reilly is 69.
- Comedian Rip Taylor is 66.
- Actor Billy Gray is 62.
- Actor Richard Moll is 57.
- Rock musician Trevor Rabin (Yes) is 46.
- Rhythm-and-blues musician Fred White is 45.
- Actor Kevin Anderson is 40.
- Actress Julia Louis-Dreyfus is 39.
- Rock singer Graham "Suggs" McPherson (Madness) is 39.
- Country singer Trace Adkins is 38.
- Actress Penelope Ann Miller is 36.
- Actor Patrick Dempsey is 34.
14 1741: Benedict Arnold, the American officer who betrayed his
country to the British in the American Revolution in 1779, was born.
- 1742: English astronomer Edmond Halley, who observed the comet that
now bears his name, died at age 85.
- 1784: the United States ratified the peace treaty of Paris with
England that formally ended the Revolutionary War.
- 1794: Dr. Jessee Bennet of Edom, Va., performed the first successful
caesarean section operation on his wife.
- 1858: French Emperor Napoleon III escaped an attempt on his life by
Felice Orsini, an Italian patriot who was later executed.
- 1878: U.S. Supreme Court ruled race separation on trains
- 1898: Lewis Carroll, author of "Alice in Wonderland," died.
- 1900: The Puccini opera "Tosca" received a mixed reception at its
world premiere in Rome.
- 1932: Horse racing legend Eddie Arcaro won his first race.
- 1951: The Pro Bowl game, dormant since 1942, was revived under a
new format matching the all-stars of each conference.
- 1952: NBC's "Today" show premiered.
- 1954: N.Y. Yankee Joe DiMaggio married actress Marilyn Monroe at
San Francisco's City Hall. The union lasted nine months.
- 1957: Humphrey Bogart, whose films included "The Maltese Falcon"
and "Casablanca," died.
- 1963: George C. Wallace was sworn in as governor of Alabama with a
pledge in his inaugural address of "segregation now; segregation
tomorrow; segregation forever!"
- 1972: "Sanford & Son" debuted on NBC.
- 1976: Ted Turner became CEO of the Atlanta Braves.
- 1981: The FCC freed stations to air as many commercials an hour as
they wish, and removed any obligation to allocate time for news or
public affairs programming.
- 1985: Martina Navratilova joined Jimmy Connors and Chris Evert
Lloyd as the only professional tennis players to win 100
- 1989: A thousand Muslims burn Salman Rushdie's novel "The Satanic
- 1990: "The Simpsons" premiered on Fox.
- 1993: Talk show host David Letterman announced he was moving his
late-night show after 11 years on NBC to sign a $16 million deal
- Jason Bateman, 30, actor, "George and Leo"
- T-Bone Burnett, 51, musician/producer
- Faye Dunaway, 58, actress, "Chinatown"
- Dave Grohl, 30, musician, Nirvana, Foo Fighters
- Lawrence Kasdan, 50, screenwriter/director, "The Bodyguard"
- L.L. Cool J., 31, singer/actor, "In The House"
- Andy Rooney, 79, columnist/commentator, "60 Minutes"
- Steven Soderbergh, 36, writer/director, "sex, lies and videotape"
- Holland Taylor, 56, actress, "The Naked Truth"
- Emily Watson, 32, actress, "Breaking the Waves"
- Carl Weathers, 51, actor, "Rocky"
Today is Friday, Jan. 14, the 14th day of 2000. There are 352 days
left in the year.
- On Jan. 14, 1900, Puccini's opera "Tosca" got a mixed reception at
its world premiere in Rome.
- In 1639 Connecticut's first constitution, the "Fundamental Orders,"
- In 1742 English astronomer Edmond Halley, who observed the comet
that now bears his name, died at age 85.
- In 1784 the U.S. ratified a peace treaty with England ending the
- In 1858 French emperor Napoleon III escaped an attempt on his life.
- In 1943 President Roosevelt and British Prime Minister Winston
Churchill opened a wartime conference in Casablanca.
- In 1952 NBC's "Today" show premiered.
- In 1953 Josip Broz Tito was elected president of Yugoslavia by the
- In 1963 George C. Wallace was sworn in as governor of Alabama with
a pledge of "segregation forever."
- In 1969 25 crew members of the U.S. aircraft carrier Enterprise were
killed in an explosion that ripped through the ship off Hawaii.
- In 1970 Diana Ross and the Supremes performed their last concert
together, at the Frontier Hotel in Las Vegas.
- Ten years ago the Denver Broncos and the San Francisco 49ers earned
a trip to the Super Bowl by winning the American and National
Football Conference championships.
- Five years ago Russian troops in the breakaway republic of Chechnya
captured the Council of Ministers building, a key rebel position in
the capital Grozny. Pope John Paul II addressed a huge rally in
Manila, urging young people to reject cynicism.
- One year ago before a jury of 100 silent senators, House prosecutors
demanded President Clinton's removal from office, charging he had
"piled perjury upon perjury" and obstructed justice.
- CBS commentator Andy Rooney is 81.
- Former CBS newsman George Herman is 80.
- Country singer Billy Walker is 71.
- Blues singer Clarence Carter is 64.
- Country singer Billie Jo Spears is 63.
- Singer Jack Jones is 62.
- Singer-songwriter Allen Toussaint is 62.
- NAACP Chairman Julian Bond is 60.
- Actress Faye Dunaway is 59.
- Actress Holland Taylor is 57.
- Actor Carl Weathers is 52.
- Singer-producer T-Bone Burnett is 52.
- Movie writer-director Lawrence Kasdan is 51.
- Rock singer Geoff Tate (Queensryche) is 41.
- Movie writer-director Steven Soderbergh is 37.
- Rapper Slick Rick is 35.
- Actor Dan Schneider is 34.
- Actress Emily Watson is 33.
- Actor-comedian Tom Rhodes is 33.
- Rapper-actor LL Cool J is 32.
- Actor Jason Bateman is 31.
- Rock singer-musician Dave Grohl (Foo Fighters) is 31.
1582: Russia ceded Livonia and Estonia to Poland.
- 1777: Vermont declared its independence from Britain and established
a republic which lasted until the state joined the Union in 1791.
- 1780: The Continental Congress established the court of appeals.
- 1797: The top hat was first worn, by John Etherington of London.
- 1844: The University of Notre Dame received its charter from the
state of Indiana.
- 1870: A donkey first appeared in a cartoon to symbolize the U.S.
Democratic Party. Published in Harper's Weekly, it criticized
ex-secretary of war Edwin Stanton and was captioned "A Live
Jackass Kicking a Dead Lion."
- 1895: Tchaikovsky's ballet "Swan Lake" premiered.
- 1896: U.S. photographer Mathew Brady, famed for his political
portraits and his photographs of the American Civil War, died.
- 1919: Pianist and statesman Ignace Jan Paderewski became the first
premier of Poland.
- 1922: The Irish Free State was formed; Michael Collins became its
- 1929: U.S. civil rights leader Martin Luther King was born in
- 1943: Work was completed on the Pentagon, headquarters of the
United States Department of Defense.
- 1944: The European Advisory Commission decided to divide Germany
into several occupational zones after the war.
- 1951: The Supreme Court curbed the freedom of speech, ruling "clear
and present danger" of incitement to riot was cause for arrest.
- 1967: The first Super Bowl was played as the Green Bay Packers of
the National Football League defeated the Kansas City Chiefs of the
American Football League, 35-10.
- 1968: Bill Masterson became the first casualty in the National
Hockey League when he died of a brain injury sustained in a game
two days before.
- 1974: "Happy Days" began an 11-year run on ABC.
- 1975: Space Mountain opened in Disneyland.
- 1976: Sara Jane Moore was sentenced to life in prison for her
attempt on the life of President Ford.
- 1978: Lisa Levy and Margaret Bowman, two students at Florida State
University, were murdered in their sorority house by Ted Bundy.
- 1981: "Hill Street Blues" debuted on NBC.
- 1984: Hana Mandlikova ended Martina Navratilova's 54-match winning
- 1988: Jimmy "The Greek" Snyder made racist remarks about black
athletes, resulting in his termination from CBS.
- 1990: The Bulgarian parliament formally scrapped the Communist
Party's monopoly on power, clearing the way for multi-party
- 1998: Former Indian prime minister Gulzari Lal Nanda died.
- Charo, 48, singer/actress
- Martha Davis, 48, singer/musician, The Motels
- Iris DeMent, 38, country singer
- Chad Lowe, 31, actor, "Life Goes On"
- Mike Marshall, 56, former MLB pitcher, appeared in record-number of
games in one season (106 in 1974, won Cy Young Award)
- Andrea Martin, 52, comedienne/actress, "Wag the Dog"
- Mary Pierce, 24, tennis player
- Julian Sands, 41, actor, "One Night Stand"
- Edward Teller, 91, physicist, father of the hydrogen bomb
- Mario Van Peebles, 42, actor/director, "Posse"
- Randy White, 46, fomer NFL tackle
Today is Saturday, Jan. 15, the 15th day of 2000. There are 351 days
left in the year.
- On Jan. 15, 1929, civil rights leader Martin Luther King Jr. was
born in Atlanta.
- In 1559 England's Queen Elizabeth I was crowned in Westminster Abbey.
- In 1844 the University of Notre Dame received its charter from the
state of Indiana.
- In 1870 the Democratic party was represented as a donkey for the
first time, in a cartoon by Thomas Nast in Harper's Weekly magazine.
- In 1892 the rules of basketball were published for the first time,
in Springfield, Mass., where the game originated.
- In 1919 pianist and statesman Ignace Jan Paderewski became the first
premier of the newly created republic of Poland.
- In 1943 work was completed on the Pentagon, now the headquarters of
the Defense Department.
- In 1967 the first Super Bowl was played as the Green Bay Packers of
the National Football League defeated the Kansas City Chiefs of the
American Football League, 35-10.
- In 1973, President Nixon announced the suspension of all U.S.
offensive action in North Vietnam, citing progress in peace talks.
- In 1989 NATO, the Warsaw Pact and 12 other European countries
adopted a human rights and security agreement in Vienna, Austria.
- In 1992 the Yugoslav federation, founded in 1918, effectively
collapsed as the European Community recognized the republics of
Croatia and Slovenia.
- Ten years ago Soviet leader Gorbachev and the Soviet Presidium
declared a state of emergency in parts of Azerbaijan and Armenia in
the wake of escalating ethnic violence. A computer problem disrupted
AT&T long-distance service for about nine hours.
- Five years ago Pope John Paul II celebrated a final Mass during his
visit to the Philippines, drawing millions of people.
- One year ago House prosecutors prodded senators at President
Clinton's impeachment trial to summon Monica Lewinsky, Vernon Jordan
and others for testimony and "invite the president" to appear as
- Nuclear physicist Edward Teller is 92.
- Cardinal John J. O'Connor, Catholic archbishop of New York, is 80.
- Singer Don Van Vliet (aka "Captain Beefheart") is 59.
- Actress Andrea Martin is 53.
- Actress-singer Charo is 49.
- Rock singer Martha Davis is 49.
- Actor-director Mario Van Peebles is 43.
- Actor Julian Sands is 42.
- Singer Lisa Lisa (Lisa Lisa and Cult Jam) is 33.
- Actor Chad Lowe is 32.
- Actress Regina King is 29.
1547: Ivan the Terrible was crowned first Czar of Russia.
- 1868: A patent for a refrigerator car was granted to William Davis,
a fish dealer in Detroit.
- 1870: Virginia became the eighth state re-admitted to the United
States after the Civil War.
- 1883: The United States Civil Service Commission was established as
the Pendleton Act went into effect.
- 1909: British explorer Ernest Shackleton found the magnetic south
- 1920: The 18th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution took effect,
prohibiting the sale of alcoholic beverages.
- 1925: Leon Trotsky was dismissed as the chairman of Russian
Revolution Military Council.
- 1936: The Screen Actors Guild was incorporated, with King Vidor as
- 1936: The first photo finish camera was installed at Hialeah Race
track in Hialeah, Fla.
- 1938: Benny Goodman refused to play at Carnegie Hall when black
members of his band were barred from performing.
- 1939: The comic strip "Superman" debuted.
- 1942: While returning from a war-bond promotion tour in
Indianapolis, actress Carole Lombard was killed when her plane
crashed near Las Vegas.
- 1944: Gen. Dwight Eisenhower assumed the post of Supreme Commander,
Allied Expeditionary Force in London.
- 1945: This date is generally regarded as marking the end of the
failed German Ardennes offensive, better known as the Battle of the
- 1957: The Cavern Club, the bar which launched the Beatles' career,
opened in Liverpool, England.
- 1964: The musical "Hello, Dolly!" starring Carol Channing, began a
run of 2,844 performances.
- 1965: "The Outer Limits" last aired on ABC.
- 1967: The first black southern sheriff since Reconstruction, former
paratrooper Lucius Amerson, was sworn in at Tuskegee, Ala.
- 1970: National Football League owners voted to split the football
league into three divisions and add two new teams: the Seattle
Seahawks and the Tampa Bay Buccaneers.
- 1973: NBC aired the 440th and final episode of "Bonanza."
- 1974: Whitey Ford and Mickey Mantle were elected to the Baseball
Hall of Fame.
- 1976: Peter Frampton released his now-platinum live album "Frampton
Comes Alive," which became the biggest-selling live album of all
- 1985: "Playboy" magazine announced its 30-year tradition of stapling
centerfold models in the bellybutton and elsewhere would end.
- 1994: South Africa's Pan Africanist Congress suspended its armed
struggle against the government of President F.W. de Klerk.
- 1996: Russian First Deputy Prime Minister Anatoly Chubais,
longest-surviving reformer in the government and architect of the
world's biggest privatization program, resigned from his post.
- Debbie Allen, 49, actress/choreographer, "Fame"
- Sergei Bruguera, 28, tennis player
- John Carpenter, 51, film director, "Halloween"
- David Chokachi, 31, actor, "Baywatch"
- A.J. Foyt, 64, 7-time USAC/CART national champion and 4-time Indy
- Marilyn Horne, 65, opera singer
- Katy Jurado, 72, actress, "High Noon"
- William Kennedy, 71, author
- Jack McDowell, 33, MLB pitcher
- Ronnie Milsap, 53, country singer/musician
- Kate Moss, 25, model
- Sade, 40, singer
- Richard Thompson, 48, singer/guitarist
Today is Sunday, Jan. 16, the 16th day of 2000. There are 350 days
left in the year.
- On Jan. 16, 1920, Prohibition began in the U.S. under the 18th
Amendment to the Constitution. Prohibition was later repealed by the
- In 1547 Ivan the Terrible was crowned Czar of Russia.
- In 1883 the U.S. Civil Service Commission was established.
- In 1942 actress Carole Lombard and her mother were among some 20
people killed when their plane crashed near Las Vegas while
returning from a tour to promote war bonds.
- In 1944 Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower took command of the Allied
Invasion Force in London.
- In 1964 the musical "Hello, Dolly!" opened on Broadway, beginning a
run of 2,844 performances.
- In 1967 Alan S. Boyd was sworn in as the first U.S. transportation
- In 1989 rioting erupted in Miami when a police officer fatally shot
a black motorcyclist, causing a crash that killed a passenger.
- In 1991 the White House announced the start of Operation Desert
Storm to drive Iraqi forces out of Kuwait.
- In 1992 officials of the government of El Salvador and rebel leaders
signed a pact ending 12 years of civil war.
- Ten years ago the Soviet Union sent more than 11,000 reinforcements
to the Caucasus to halt a civil war between Armenians and
- Five years ago in Union, S.C., a prosecutor announced he would seek
the death penalty for Susan Smith, the woman accused of drowning her
sons, 3-year-old Michael and 14-month-old Alex. Smith was later
convicted of murder and sentenced to life in prison.
- One year ago after closing three days of opening arguments, House
prosecutors demanded President Clinton's removal from office,
telling a hushed Senate that otherwise the presidency itself may be
"deeply and perhaps permanently damaged." Forty-five Albanians were
found slain near the southern Kosovo village of Racak.
- Actress Katy Jurado is 73.
- Author William Kennedy is 72.
- Author-editor Norman Podhoretz is 70.
- Opera singer Marilyn Horne is 66.
- Auto racer A.J. Foyt is 65.
- Singer Barbara Lynn is 58.
- Country singer Jim Stafford is 56.
- Movie director John Carpenter is 52.
- Actress-dancer-choreographer Debbie Allen is 50.
- Singer Sade is 41.
- Rock musician Paul Webb (Talk Talk) is 38.
- Rhythm-and-blues singer Maxine Jones (En Vogue) is 34.
- Actor David Chokachi is 32.
- Model Kate Moss is 26.
- Singer Aaliyah is 21.
- Actress Yvonne Zima is 11.
1706: Benjamin Franklin, U.S. statesman and scientist, was born.
- 1773: Captain James Cook became the first to cross the Antarctic
- 1871: The first cable car was patented by Andrew S. Hallidie.
- 1893: Hawaii's monarchy was overthrown as a group of white
businessmen and sugar planters forced Queen Liliuokalani to
abdicate. The Kingdom of Hawaii became a republic.
- 1899: Notorious gangster Al Capone was born in Italy; The United
States took possession of Wake Island in Pacific.
- 1916: The PGA had its beginning at a luncheon in New York City
attended by many top golfers. An organizing committee established
the association and drew up bylaws.
- 1917: The U.S. purchase of the West Indies from Denmark for $25
million, making it a U.S. territory, was ratified.
- 1926: George Burns married Gracie Allen.
- 1928: The first fully automatic photographic film developing
machine was patented.
- 1929: E.C. Segar introduced Popeye The Sailor Man in his "Thimble
Theater" comic strip.
- 1945: Soviet and Polish forces liberated Warsaw from Nazi forces
during World War II. The same day, Swedish diplomat Raoul
Wallenberg, credited with saving tens of thousands of Jews,
disappeared in Hungary while in Soviet custody.
- 1946: The United Nations Security Council held its first meeting.
- 1969: Led Zeppelin's debut album was released in the U.S.
- 1972: A section of Memphis' Highway 51 South was renamed Elvis
- 1977: Gary Gilmore, a convicted murderer in Utah, became the first
person in to be executed in the U.S. since the re-introduction of
the death penalty when he was shot by a firing squad.
- 1983: Alabama Gov. George C. Wallace, capping a political comeback,
took the oath of office for a record fourth term as he succeeded
Governor Fob James.
- 1990: The Who, Simon and Garfunkel, The Four Seasons, The Four Tops,
Hank Ballard, The Platters and The Kinks were inducted into
Cleveland's Rock and Roll Hall of Fame.
- 1991: In the Gulf War, U.S.-led allied forces launched "Operation
Desert Storm," an air and missile offensive against Iraqi positions.
- 1995: More than 6,400 people were killed after an earthquake
measuring 7.2 on the Richter scale ripped through Kobe, Japan.
- 1998: U.S. President Bill Clinton faced Paula Jones and gave sworn
testimony about her sexual harassment lawsuit, the first time in
U.S. history a sitting president has given testimony as a defendant.
- Muhammad Ali, 57, boxer
- Jim Carrey, 37, actor, "Liar Liar"
- David Caruso, 43, actor, "NYPD Blue," "Michael Hayes"
- Chili Davis, 39, MLB outfielder
- Steve Earle, 44, country/rock musician
- Larry Fortensky, 47, ex-husband of Elizabeth Taylor
- Susanna Hoffs, 42, singer, the Bangles
- James Earl Jones, 68, actor
- Maury Povich, 60, TV talk show host
- Shabba Ranks, 33, reggae singer
- Ray J, 18, singer
- Betty White, 77, actress, "The Golden Girls"
- Paul Young, 43, singer/musician
Today is Monday, Jan. 17, the 17th day of 2000. There are 349 days
left in the year. This is the Martin Luther King Jr. holiday.
- On Jan. 17, 1893, a group of Hawaiian businessmen and sugar planters
forced Queen Liliuokalani to abdicate.
- In 1706 Benjamin Franklin was born in Boston.
- In 1893 Rutherford B. Hayes, the 19th president of the U.S., died in
Fremont, Ohio, at age 70.
- In 1899 notorious gangster Al Capone was born in Brooklyn, N.Y.
- In 1945 Soviet and Polish forces liberated Warsaw during World War
II. Swedish diplomat Raoul Wallenberg, credited with saving tens of
thousands of Jews, disappeared in Hungary while in Soviet custody.
- In 1946 the U.N. Security Council held its first meeting.
- In 1961 in his farewell address, President Eisenhower warned against
the rise of "the military-industrial complex."
- In 1977 convicted murderer Gary Gilmore, 36, was shot by a firing
squad at Utah State Prison in the first U.S. execution in a decade.
- In 1989 five children were shot to death at the Cleveland Elementary
School in Stockton, Calif., by a drifter who then killed himself.
- In 1994 a 6.7 magnitude earthquake struck Southern California,
killing at least 61 people and causing $20 billion in damage.
- Ten years ago a federal judge in Miami set March 1990 for the trial
of ex-Panamanian leader Manuel Noriega on drug trafficking charges.
After initial delays, Noriega was tried and convicted of
racketeering and conspiracy to distribute cocaine, and was sentenced
to 40 years in prison, later cut to 30 years.
- Five years ago more than 6,000 people were killed when an earthquake
with a magnitude of 7.2 devastated the city of Kobe, Japan.
- One year ago as White House lawyers met to work on President
Clinton's impeachment defense, their client spent the day preparing
for his State of the Union address.
- Actress Betty White is 78.
- Ballerina-actress Moira Shearer is 74.
- Singer-actress Eartha Kitt is 73.
- Actor James Earl Jones is 69.
- Actress Sheree North is 67.
- Talk show host Maury Povich is 61.
- Former heavyweight boxing champion Muhammad Ali is 58.
- Rhythm-and-blues singer William Hart (The Delfonics) is 55.
- Rock musician Mick Taylor is 52.
- Singer Steve Earle is 45.
- Actor David Caruso is 44.
- Singer Paul Young is 44.
- Singer Susanna Hoffs (The Bangles) is 43.
- Actor-comedian Jim Carrey is 38.
- Singer Shabba Ranks is 34.
- Singer Ray J is 19.
- Country singer Amanda Wilkinson is 18.
1535: Francisco Pizarro founds Lima, Peru.
- 1778: English navigator Captain James Cook discovered the Hawaiian
Islands, which he dubbed the Sandwich Islands.
- 1779: Peter Mark Roget, the creator of the thesaurus of English
words and phrases that bears his name, was born.
- 1788: The first English settlers arrived in Australia's Botany Bay
to establish a penal colony.
- 1882: Alan Alexander (A.A.) Milne, English writer and creator of
"Winnie the Pooh," was born.
- 1904: Actor Cary Grant was born in England as Archibald Alexander
- 1912: English explorer Robert F. Scott and his expedition reached
the South Pole, only to discover that Roald Amundsen had gotten
- 1929: "New York Daily Mirror" columnist Walter Winchell made his
debut on radio.
- 1943: A wartime ban on the sale of pre-sliced bread in the United
States - aimed at reducing bakeries' demand for metal replacement
parts - went into effect.
- 1958: William O'Ree, the first black person played in the NHL with
the Boston Bruins.
- 1962: The U.S. began spraying the foliage in Vietnam with pesticide
to reveal Viet Cong guerrillas.
- 1964: Plans for the World Trade Center in New York City were
announced in New York; The Beatles entered the Billboard U.S.
singles chart for the first time with "I Want To Hold Your Hand" at
No. 35, just ten days after its release, making it the
fastest-breaking and the fastest-selling single in Capitol Records
- 1966: Robert Clifton Weaver, the Secretary of Housing & Urban
Development, became the first black cabinet member.
- 1967: Albert DeSalvo, who claimed to be the "Boston Strangler," was
convicted in Cambridge, Mass., of armed robbery, assault and sex
- 1973: John Cleese filmed his final episode of "Monty Python's
- 1980: Studio 54 owners Steve Rubell and Ian Schrager were sentenced
to 3-1/2 years in prison for tax evasion and fined $20,000.
- 1990: Washington, D.C., Mayor Marion Barry was arrested in a drug
enforcement sting operation after he was videotaped smoking crack.
- 1993: The Martin Luther King Jr. holiday was observed in all 50
states for the first time.
- 1996: Baseball owners broke with more than a century of tradition,
unanimously approving interleague play in 1997.
- 1997: Austrian Chancellor Franz Vranitzky resigned after nearly 11
years in power.
- John Boorman, 66, film director, "Deliverance"
- Kevin Costner, 44, actor
- Ray Dolby, 66, inventor, Dolby Noise Reduction Systems
- John Hughes, 49, film producer/director, "Home Alone"
- Mark Messier, 38, NHL Center
- DJ Quik, 29, rapper
Today is Tuesday, Jan. 18, the 18th day of 2000. There are 348 days
left in the year.
- On Jan. 18, 1912, English explorer Robert F. Scott and his
expedition reached the South Pole, only to discover that Roald
Amundsen had already been there. Scott and his party perished during
the return trip.
- In 1788 the first English settlers arrived in Australia's Botany Bay
to establish a penal colony.
- In 1862 John Tyler, the 10th U.S. president, died in Richmond, Va.,
at age 71.
- In 1919 the World War I Peace Congress opened in Versailles, France.
- In 1936 author Rudyard Kipling died in Burwash, England.
- In 1943 during World War II, the Soviets announced they'd broken the
long Nazi siege of Leningrad.
- In 1967 Albert DeSalvo, who claimed to be the "Boston Strangler,"
was convicted in Cambridge, Mass., of armed robbery, assault and sex
offenses. He was sentenced to life and killed by an inmate in 1973.
- In 1970 Mormon president David McKay died at age 96.
- In 1975 the situation comedy "The Jeffersons," a spin-off from "All
in the Family," premiered on CBS-TV.
- In 1991 financially strapped Eastern Airlines shut down after 62
years in business.
- Ten years ago a jury in Los Angeles acquitted former preschool
operators Raymond Buckey and his mother, Peggy McMartin Buckey, of
52 child molestation charges. In an FBI sting, Washington, D.C.,
Mayor Marion Barry was arrested for drug possession. He was later
convicted of a misdemeanor.
- Five years ago the death toll climbed past 6,000 in the earthquake
in Kobe, Japan. South African President Nelson Mandela's cabinet
denied amnesty sought by 3,500 police officers in apartheid's waning
- One year ago defying global outrage over the massacre of 45 ethnic
Albanian civilians in Kosovo, Serb forces pounded villages with
artillery. The Yugoslav government also ordered the American leader
of the Kosovo peace mission to leave and barred a U.N. investigator.
- Movie director John Boorman is 67.
- Singer-songwriter Bobby Goldsboro is 59.
- Comedian-singer-musician Brett Hudson is 47.
- Actor-director Kevin Costner is 45.
- Country singer Mark Collie is 44.
- Actress Jane Horrocks ("Little Voice") is 36.
- Actor Jesse L. Martin ("Law & Order") is 31.
- Rapper DJ Quik is 30.
1419: The French city of Rouen surrendered to Henry V in the Hundred Years War between England and France, completing Henry's conquest of Normandy.
- 1807: Robert E. Lee, commander of Confederate forces during the Civil War, was born.
- 1809: Writer Edgar Allan Poe was born.
- 1825: Ezra Daggett and nephew Thomas Kensett patented food storage in tin cans.
- 1839: French painter Paul Cezanne was born.
- 1840: Antarctica was discovered by Charles Wilkes expedition.
- 1861: Georgia became the fifth state to secede from the Union.
- 1903: The first regular transatlantic radio broadcast between the U.S. and England occurred.
- 1910: The National Institute of Arts and Letters was incorporated by an Act of Congress.
- 1915: A patent was issued to George Claude for a neon tube advertising sign.
- 1937: Millionaire Howard Hughes set a transcontinental air record by flying his monoplane from Los Angeles to Newark, N.J., in 7 hours, 28 minutes, 25 seconds.
- 1937: Nap Lajoie, Tris Speaker and Cy Young were elected to the Baseball Hall Of Fame in the second year of voting.
- 1938: GM began mass production of diesel engines.
- 1943: 1960s singer Janis Joplin was born.
- 1952: The PGA Tournament Committee voted to allow black golfers to compete in golf tournaments.
- 1955: "Scrabble" made its debut on the board game market.
- 1955: A presidential news conference was filmed for television for the first time, with the permission of President Dwight D. Eisenhower.
- 1966: Indira Gandhi, the daughter of Nehru, was elected India's third prime minister.
- 1972: Sandy Koufax, Yogi Berra, and Early Wynn elected to the Baseball Hall of Fame; at age 37, Koufax was the youngest player ever elected.
- 1977: In one of his last acts of office, President Ford pardoned Iva Toguri D'Aquino, an American who had made wartime broadcasts for Japan as "Tokyo Rose."
- 1979: Former Attorney General John N. Mitchell was released on parole after serving 19 months at a federal prison in Alabama.
- 1983: Klaus Barbie, notorious SS chief of Lyon in Nazi-occupied France, was arrested in Bolivia.
- 1985: "Born In The U.S.A." by Bruce Springsteen peaked at No. 9 on the pop singles chart.
- 1991: Eastern Airlines shut down operation.
- 1993: Israel recognized the PLO as no longer criminal.
- 1996: The NHL approved the move of the Winnipeg Jets to Phoenix.
- 1997: Poet and novelist James Dickey died at age 73. He was best known for his first novel, "Deliverance," which was made into a motion picture. He was 73.
- 1998: Rock 'n' roll pioneer Carl Perkins, whose hit song "Blue Suede Shoes" helped lift Elvis Presley to stardom, died aged 65.
- Ottis "O.J." Anderson, 42, NFL running back
- Desi Arnaz Jr., 46, actor, "The Mambo Kings"
- Michael Crawford, 57, actor, "Phantom of the Opera"
- Stefan Edberg, 33, tennis player
- Phil Everly, 60, singer/musician, the Everly Brothers
- Shelley Fabares, 55, actress, "Coach"
- Tippi Hedren, 64, actress, "The Birds"
- Richard Lester, 66, film director, "A Hard Day's Night"
- Robert MacNeil, 68, newscaster/journalist
- Robert Palmer, 50, singer
- Dolly Parton, 53, country singer
- John Raitt, 82, actor/singer
- Dan Reeves, 55, NFL coach
- Jean Stapleton, 76, actress, "All in the Family"
Today is Wednesday, Jan. 19, the 19th day of 2000. There are 347
days left in the year.
- On Jan. 19, 1807, Robert E. Lee, commander in chief of the
Confederate armies, was born in Stratford, Va.
- In 1736 James Watt, inventor of the steam engine, was born in
- In 1809 author Edgar Allan Poe was born in Boston.
- In 1853 Verdi's opera "Il Trovatore" premiered in Rome.
- In 1861 the state of Georgia seceded from the Union.
- In 1944 the federal government relinquished control of the nation's
railroads following settlement of a wage dispute.
- In 1955 a presidential news conference was filmed for television
for the first time, with permission from President Eisenhower.
- In 1966 Indira Gandhi was elected prime minister of India.
- In 1970 President Nixon nominated G. Harrold Carswell to the Supreme
Court; Carswell was never approved because of controversy over his
past racial views.
- In 1977 in one of his last acts of office, President Ford pardoned
Iva Toguri D'Aquino, an American who had made wartime broadcasts for
- In 1981 the U.S. and Iran signed an agreement paving the way for the
release of 52 Americans held hostage for more than 14 months.
- Ten years ago Arthur J. Goldberg, former Supreme Court justice,
labor secretary and U.S. ambassador to the United Nations, was found
dead in his Washington apartment at age 81.
- Five years ago Russian troops regained control of the presidential
palace in Grozny, the capital of the breakaway republic of Chechnya.
- One year ago President Clinton delivered his State of the Union
address, in which he proposed to protect Social Security with huge
budget surpluses and announced the government would sue the tobacco
industry for smokers' health-care costs. Hours earlier, at the
president's impeachment trial in the Senate, White House Counsel
Charles Ruff opened the defense with ringing statements of Clinton's
- Actor-singer John Raitt is 83.
- Actress Jean Stapleton is 77.
- Actor Fritz Weaver is 74.
- Former PBS newsman Robert MacNeil is 69.
- Movie director Richard Lester is 68.
- Singer Phil Everly is 61.
- Actor-singer Michael Crawford is 58.
- Actress Shelley Fabares is 56.
- Country singer Dolly Parton is 54.
- ABC newswoman Ann Compton is 53.
- Singer Robert Palmer is 51.
- Singer Harry McGilberry (Temptations) is 49.
- Actor Desi Arnaz Jr. is 47.
- Actress Katey Sagal is 44.
- Reggae musician Mickey Virtue (UB40) is 43.
- Actor Paul McCrane is 39.
- Actor William Ragsdale is 39.
- Tennis player Stefan Edberg is 34.
- Singer Trey Lorenz is 31.
- Actor Shawn Wayans is 29.
- Rock singer-musician John Wozniak (Marcy Playground) is 29.
- Actress Jodie Sweetin is 18.
1265: The first English Parliament, the Commons and the House of Lords, was called into session by the Earl of Leicester.
- 1778: The first American military court martial trial began, in Cambridge, Mass.
- 1841: China ceded the island of Hong Kong to Great Britain.
- 1869: Elizabeth Cady Stanton became the first woman to testify before Congress.
- 1885: The patent for the roller coaster was awarded to L.A. Thompson of Coney Island, N.Y.
- 1892: The first organized basketball game was played in Springfield, Mass., at the YMCA.
- 1896: Comedian George Burns was born as Nathan Birnbaum.
- 1920: The American Civil Liberties Union was organized. Also: Film director Federico Fellini ("La Dolce Vita") was born.
- 1937: President Franklin D. Roosevelt became the first chief executive to be inaugurated on Jan. 20 instead of March 4, because of the 20th Amendment to the Constitution. He was inaugurated for his second term as U.S. President.
- 1942: Nazi officials held the notorious Wannsee conference in Berlin, during which they agreed on a "final solution" calling for the extermination of European Jews.
- 1945: President Franklin D. Roosevelt was sworn into office for his fourth term, an unprecedented feat.
- 1946: The Central Intelligence Group, later to become the Central Intelligence Agency, was established by President Truman.
- 1961: John F. Kennedy was sworn in as the 35th U.S. president. He said as part of his brief address, "Ask not what your country can do for you, ask what you can do for your country."
- 1980: President Jimmy Carter announced the U.S. boycott of the Moscow Olympics.
- 1981: Iran released 52 Americans it had held hostage for 444 days, minutes after the presidency had passed from Jimmy Carter to Ronald Reagan. Also: Reagan became president of the U.S. at the age of 69 and 349 days, the oldest president to take office.
- 1986: Britain and France announced plans to build rail tunnels underneath the English Channel. Also: The United States observed the first federal holiday in honor of slain civil rights leader Martin
Luther King Jr.
- 1987: Anglican Church envoy Terry Waite was kidnapped while on a mission to Beirut negotiating the release of Westerners being held hostage in Lebanon. He would not be released until December 1991.
- 1994: Shannon Faulkner became the first woman to attend classes at The Citadel, South Carolina's all-male military school, in its 151-year history.
- Edwin "Buzz" Aldrin Jr., 69, astronaut, second man on the moon
- Daniel Benzali, 49, actor, "Murder One"
- Ian Hill, 47, bassist, Judas Priest
- Arte Johnson, 65, actor/comedian
- DeForest Kelley, 79, actor, "Star Trek's" Dr. McCoy
- Lorenzo Lamas, 41, actor, "Renegade"
- David Lynch, 53, film director, "Blue Velvet," "Twin Peaks"
- Bill Maher, 43, comedian/host, "Politically Incorrect"
- Malcolm McLaren, 52, music producer, founded the Sex Pistols
- John Michael Montgomery, 34, country singer/musician
- Patricia Neal, 73, actress
- Melissa Rivers, 30, TV show host
- Paul Stanley, 47, singer/musician, Kiss
- Skeet Ulrich, 29, actor, "Scream"
- Slim Whitman, 75, country singer
Today is Thursday, Jan. 20, the 20th day of 2000. There are 346 days
left in the year.
- On Jan. 20, 1981, minutes after the presidency had passed from Jimmy
Carter to Ronald Reagan, Iran released 52 Americans it had held
hostage for 444 days.
- In 1801 John Marshall was appointed chief justice of the U.S.
- In 1841 the island of Hong Kong was ceded to Great Britain. It
returned to Chinese control in July 1997.
- In 1887 the U.S. Senate approved an agreement to lease Pearl Harbor
as a naval base.
- In 1896 comedian George Burns was born Nathan Birnbaum in New York
- In 1920 movie director Federico Fellini was born in Rimini, Italy.
- In 1936 Britain's King George V died; he was succeeded by Edward
- In 1942 Nazi officials held the notorious Wannsee conference, during
which they arrived at their "final solution" that called for
- In 1986 the U.S. observed the first federal holiday in honor of
slain civil rights leader Martin Luther King Jr. Britain and France
announced plans to build the Channel Tunnel.
- In 1994 Shannon Faulkner became the first woman to attend classes at
The Citadel in South Carolina. Faulkner joined the cadet corps in
August 1995 under court order but soon dropped out.
- Ten years ago Soviet troops stormed the capital of the republic of
Azerbaijan, the scene of ethnic unrest, leaving dozens dead and
wounded. The space shuttle Columbia returned from an 11-day mission.
Actress Barbara Stanwyck died in Santa Monica, Calif., at age 82.
- Five years ago the Japanese government, criticized for being slow to
respond to Kobe's devastating earthquake, admitted its initial
reaction might have been "confused." The U.S. State Department
announced a partial lifting of economic sanctions against North
- One year ago for a second day, President Clinton's legal team argued
its case before the Senate, saying that House-passed articles of
impeachment were "flawed and unfair."
- Actor Lawrence Dobkin is 81.
- Country singer Slim Whitman is 76.
- Actress Patricia Neal is 74.
- Former astronaut Edwin "Buzz" Aldrin is 70.
- Pop singer Ron Townson (The Fifth Dimension) is 67.
- Comedian Arte Johnson is 66.
- Actress Dorothy Provine is 63.
- Sen. Paul Coverdell, R-Ga., is 61.
- Singer Eric Stewart is 55.
- Movie director David Lynch is 54.
- Rock musician Paul Stanley (KISS) is 50.
- Rock musician Ian Hill (Judas Priest) is 48.
- Comedian Bill Maher is 44.
- Actor Lorenzo Lamas is 42.
- Country singer John Michael Montgomery is 35.
- Actress Stacey Dash is 33.
- TV personality Melissa Rivers is 32.
- Singer Xavier is 32.
- Actor Skeet Ulrich is 31.
1903: Harry Houdini escaped from a police station in Amsterdam.
- 1915: The first Kiwanis International Club was founded in Detroit.
- 1942: Pinball machines were banned in New York City. The law wasn't changed until in 1976.
- 1966: George Harrison wed model/actress Patti "Layla" Boyd whom he met on the set of the Beatles movie "HELP!"
- 1977: President Carter pardoned almost all Vietnam War draft dodgers, numbering over 10,000.
- 1977: President Carter urged families to leave their thermostats set at 65 degrees in an effort to ease the energy crisis.
- 1986: 100 brave souls participated in the Nude Olympics running race in Purdue, Indiana. Thermometers read 38 degrees.
- 1990: Tennis great John McEnroe was disqualified and expelled for throwing a tantrum and using abusive language at an official at the Australian Open.
- 1991: During the Gulf War, CBS newsman Bob Simon, CBS London bureau chief Peter Bluff, a cameraman and soundman were captured by Iraqi forces. They were released March 2.
- 1993: The largest doughnut ever made weighed 3,739 pounds and was measured at 16 feet across and 16 inches tall in Utica, New York.
- 1994: Lorena Bobbitt was found temporarily insane and not guilty of malicious wounding for severing her husband's penis.
* HAPPY BIRTHDAY *
- Robby Benson, 43, actor/director
- Geena Davis, 42, actress, "Thelma and Louise"
- Mac Davis, 57, musician/singer
- Placido Domingo, 58, famous tenor, opera singer
- Jill Eikenberry, 52, actress
- Richie Havens, 58, folk singer
- Jack Nicklaus, 59, golfer
- Billy Ocean, 49, R&B singer
- Hakeem Olajuwon, 36, NBA player
Today is Friday, Jan. 21, the 21st day of 2000. There are 345 days
left in the year.
- On Jan. 21, 1950, former State Department official Alger Hiss,
accused of being part of a Communist spy ring, was found guilty in
New York of lying to a grand jury. Hiss, who always maintained his
innocence, was sentenced to five years in prison; he served less
- In 1793 during the French Revolution, King Louis XVI was sent to the
guillotine for treason.
- In 1861 Jefferson Davis of Mississippi and four other Southerners
resigned from the U.S. Senate.
- In 1915 the first Kiwanis Club was founded in Detroit.
- In 1924 Russian revolutionary Vladimir Ilyich Lenin died at age 54.
- In 1950 George Orwell, author of "1984" died in London.
- In 1954 the first atomic submarine, the USS Nautilus, was launched
at Groton, Conn.
- In 1976 the supersonic Concorde jet was put into service by Britain
- In 1977 President Carter pardoned almost all Vietnam War draft
- In 1997 Speaker Newt Gingrich was reprimanded and fined as the House
voted for the first time in history to discipline its leader for
- In 1998 President Clinton angrily denied reports of an affair with
former White House intern Monica Lewinsky and that he had tried to
get her to lie about it.
- Ten years ago in the Soviet republic of Azerbaijan, mutinous
military cadets fired on troops patrolling the capital during a
crackdown on a nationalist uprising.
- Five years ago President Clinton, addressing the Democratic National
Committee, implored members to "bear down and go forward" despite
results of the 1994 elections.
- One year ago former Sen. Dale Bumpers, an Arkansas Democrat, told
the Senate impeachment trial of Bill Clinton the president was
guilty of a "terrible moral lapse" but not of conduct warranting or
even permitting his removal from office. Raul Salinas de Gortari,
brother of a former Mexican president, was convicted of
masterminding the murder of rival Jose Francisco Ruiz Massieu and
sentenced to 50 years.
- Actor Paul Scofield is 78.
- Actor Steve Reeves is 74.
- Actress Ann Wedgeworth is 65.
- Blues singer-musician Snooks Eaglin is 64.
- Golfer Jack Nicklaus is 60.
- Opera singer Placido Domingo is 59.
- Singer Richie Havens is 59.
- Singer Mac Davis is 58.
- Singer Edwin Starr is 58.
- Actress Jill Eikenberry is 53.
- Singer-songwriter Billy Ocean is 50.
- Actor Robby Benson is 44.
- Actress Geena Davis is 43.
- Basketball player Hakeem Olajuwon is 37.
- Rap DJ Jam Master Jay (Run-DMC) is 35.
- Actress Charlotte Ross is 32.
- Actress Karina Lombard is 31.
- Rapper Levirt (B-Rock and the Bizz) is 30.
- Singer Emma "Baby Spice" Bunton (The Spice Girls) is 22.
- Rhythm-and-blues singer Nokio (Dru Hill) is 21.
1901: Britain's Queen Victoria died at age 82.
- 1905: Thousands of demonstrating Russian workers were fired on by Imperial army troops in St. Petersburg on what became known as "Bloody Sunday."
- 1929: The Yankees announced they would put numbers on the backs of their uniforms, becoming the first team to permanently do so.
- 1938: "Our Town," Thornton Wilder's Pulitzer Prize-winning play, was performed publicly for the first time.
- 1953: "The Crucible," Arthur Miller's drama about the Salem witch trials of the 17th century, opened on Broadway.
- 1957: "Truth or Consequences" became the first national show to be videotaped.
- 1961: Olympic gold medalist/track star Wilma Rudolph set a world indoor mark in the women's 60-yard dash. She ran the race in 6.9 seconds.
- 1962: Baseball Writers elected Bob Feller and Jackie Robinson into the Baseball Hall of Fame. Also: Elizabeth Taylor and Richard Burton began filming "Cleopatra."
- 1968: "Rowan & Martin's Laugh-In" premiered on NBC. Also: the NBA announced it would grant expansion teams to Milwaukee and Phoenix.
- 1970: The first regularly scheduled commercial flight of the Boeing 747 began in New York and ended in London some 6 1/2 hours later.
- 1973: The Supreme Court handed down its "Roe v. Wade" decision, which legalized abortion, using a trimester approach.
- 1980: PGA began a senior golf tour.
- 1986: A judge in New Delhi, India, found a Sikh defendant guilty of murder and conspiracy and two other Sikhs guilty of conspiracy in the 1984 assassination of Prime Minister Indira Gandhi.
- 1987: Pennsylvania treasurer R. Budd Dwyer, convicted of defrauding the state, proclaimed his innocence at a news conference before shooting himself to death in front of spectators. Also: Phil Donahue became the first talk show host to tape a show from inside the Soviet Union.
- 1995: At the age of 104, Rose Fitzgerald Kennedy, mother of President John F. Kennedy and U.S. Sens. Robert F., and Edward M. Kennedy, died in Hyannis Port, Mass.
- 1997: The Senate confirmed Madeleine Albright as the nation's first female secretary of state.
- Linda Blair, 40, actress, "The Exorcist"
- Mike Bossy, 42, NHL forward, led NY Islanders to four Stanley Cups
- D.J. Jazzy Jeff, 34, rapper
- Olivia D'Abo, 32, actress, "The Wonder Years," "The Single Guy"
- Balthazar Getty, 24, actor, "Lost Highway"
- John Hurt, 59, actor, "Alien," "Contact"
- Diane Lane, 36, actress, "Jack"
- Piper Laurie, 67, actress, 'The Hustler," "Carrie"
- Steve Perry, 50, singer, Journey
- Ann Sothern, 90, actress
- Joseph Wambaugh, 62, novelist/screenwriter, "The Onion Field"
- Jeff Smith, 60, chef, "The Frugal Gourmet"
Today is Saturday, Jan. 22, the 22nd day of 2000. There are 344 days
left in the year.
- On Jan. 22, 1917, President Wilson pleaded for an end to war in
Europe, calling for "peace without victory." By April, however,
America also was at war.
- In 1901 Britain's Queen Victoria died at age 82.
- In 1922 Pope Benedict XV died; he was succeeded by Pius XI.
- In 1938 Thornton Wilder's play "Our Town" was performed publicly for
the first time, in Princeton, N.J.
- In 1944 during World War II, Allied forces began landing at Anzio,
- In 1953 the Arthur Miller drama "The Crucible" opened on Broadway.
- In 1968 the comedy show "Rowan & Martin's Laugh-In" premiered on
- In 1970 the first regularly scheduled commercial flight of the
Boeing 747 began in New York and ended some six hours later in
- In 1973 the Supreme Court handed down its "Roe v. Wade" decision,
which legalized abortion using a trimester approach. Former
President Johnson died at age 64.
- In 1997 the Senate confirmed Madeleine Albright as the nation's
first woman secretary of state.
- Ten years ago up to 2 million Azerbaijanis marched through the
republic's capital to mourn those killed when Soviet troops put down
a nationalist revolt. A jury in Syracuse, N.Y., convicted graduate
student Robert T. Morris of federal computer tampering charges for
unleashing a "worm" that crippled a computer network.
- Five years ago Rose Fitzgerald Kennedy died at the Kennedy compound
at Hyannis Port, Mass., at age 104. Twenty-one Israelis were killed
and dozens others injured in a suicide bombing in central Israel.
- One year ago Sen. Robert C. Byrd, D-W.Va., abruptly called for
dismissal of charges against President Clinton to "end this sad and
sorry time for our country." President Clinton called for spending
$2.8 billion to protect the nation from cyber terrorism and chemical
and germ warfare. Pope John Paul II arrived in Mexico on his first
visit in 20 years.
- Actress Ann Sothern is 91.
- Former Sen. Birch Bayh, D-Ind, is 72.
- Actress Piper Laurie is 68.
- Actor Seymour Cassel is 65.
- Author Joseph Wambaugh is 63.
- Chef Jeff Smith ("The Frugal Gourmet") is 61.
- Actor John Hurt is 60.
- Country singer-musician Teddy Gentry (Alabama) is 48.
- Rock singer Steve Perry is 47.
- Hockey Hall of Famer Mike Bossy is 43.
- Actress Linda Blair is 41.
- Actress Diane Lane is 35.
- Actor-rap DJ Jazzy Jeff is 35.
- Country singer Regina Nicks (Regina Regina) is 35.
- Actress Olivia d'Abo is 33.
- Rhythm-and-blues singer Marc Gay (Shai) is 31.
- Actor Balthazar Getty is 25.
- Actor Christopher Kennedy Masterson ("Malcolm in the Middle") is 20.
- Rhythm-and-blues singer Kelton Kessee (IMX) is 19.
- Actress Beverley Mitchell is 19.
1668: Holland, Britain and Sweden signed the Alliance of the Hague,
known as the Triple Alliance, under which they agreed to aid one
another if attacked.
- 1719: The Principality of Liechtenstein was formed by the
amalgamation of Vaduz and Schellenberg.
- 1789: Georgetown University was established at the future site of
the nation's capital, Washington, D.C.
- 1845: A uniform election day for presidential elections was
established by an act of Congress, which decided all national
elections would be held on the first Tuesday after the first Monday
- 1849: English-born Elizabeth Blackwell became the first woman in
America to receive a Doctor of Medicine degree, from the Medical
Institution of Geneva, N.Y.
- 1898: Russian film director Sergei Eisenstein ("The Battleship
Potemkin") was born.
- 1907: The first American Indian senator, Charles Curtis of Kansas,
began his term of office.
- 1933: The 20th Amendment was ratified to change the date of
presidential inaugurations to Jan. 20.
- 1948: John Huston's "The Treasure of the Sierra Madre" starring
Humphrey Bogart and Walter Huston, opened at the Strand.
- 1950: The Israeli Knesset approved a resolution proclaiming
Jerusalem the capital of Israel.
- 1960: Crew in the bathyscaphe Trieste reached the bottom of the
Mariana Trench, 35,802-ft. under water.
- 1961: The Supreme Court ruled that cities and states had a right to
censor films before they were released to the public.
- 1964: The 24th Amendment to the Constitution, eliminating the poll
tax in federal elections, was ratified.
- 1968: North Korea seized the U.S. Navy ship "Pueblo," charging it
had intruded into the communist nation's territorial waters on a
spying mission. The crew was released 11 months later.
- 1973: President Richard Nixon announced an agreement with Hanoi
intended to bring an end to the Vietnam War.
- 1977: The TV mini-series "Roots," based on the Alex Haley novel,
began airing on ABC and became the most watched TV program in
- 1983: Bjorn Borg announced his retirement from tennis.
- 1986: The first annual induction ceremony for the Rock 'n' Roll Hall
of Fame was held in New York. Among those inducted were Chuck Berry,
James Brown, Ray Charles, Fats Domino, the Everly Brothers, Buddy
Holly, Jerry Lee Lewis and Elvis Presley.
- 1988: The experimental airplane Voyager, piloted by Dick Rutan and
Jeana Yeager, completed the first nonstop, round-the-world flight
without refueling as it landed safely at Edwards Air Force Base in
- 1991: The world's largest oil spill, caused by embattled Iraqi
forces in Kuwait, began flowing into the Persian Gulf. Also:
"Seinfeld" made its series debut on NBC.
- Richard Dean Anderson, 49, actor, "MacGyver"
- Gil Gerard, 56, actor, "Buck Rogers in the 25th Century"
- Rutger Hauer, 55 actor, "Blade Runner"
- Eric Metcalf, 31, NFL running back/kick returner
- Jeanne Moreau, 71, actress
- Gail O'Grady, 36, actress, "NYPD Blue"
- Princess Caroline Grimaldi of Monaco, 42
- Chita Rivera, 66, actress/dancer, "West Side Story"
- Tiffani-Amber Thiessen, 25, actress, "Beverly Hills 90210"
Today is Sunday, Jan. 23, the 23rd day of 2000. There are 343 days
left in the year.
- On Jan. 23, 1968, North Korea seized the U.S. Navy ship Pueblo,
charging its crew with being on a spying mission. The crew was
released 11 months later.
- In 1789 Georgetown University was established in present-day
- In 1845 Congress decided all national elections would be held on the
first Tuesday after the first Monday in November.
- In 1849 English-born Elizabeth Blackwell became the first woman in
America to receive a Doctor of Medicine degree, from the Medical
Institution of Geneva, N.Y.
- In 1920 the Dutch government refused demands from the victorious
Allies to hand over Kaiser Wilhelm II, the dethroned German monarch
who had fled to the Netherlands.
- In 1932 New York Gov. Franklin D. Roosevelt announced his candidacy
for the Democratic presidential nomination.
- In 1950 the Israeli Knesset approved a resolution proclaiming
Jerusalem the capital of Israel.
- In 1964 the 24th amendment to the Constitution, eliminating the
poll tax in federal elections, was ratified.
- In 1973 President Nixon announced an accord to end the Vietnam War.
- In 1985 debate in Britain's House of Lords was carried live on
television for the first time.
- In 1989 surrealist artist Salvador Dali died in his native Spain at
- Ten years ago the 101st Congress convened its second session, facing
an agenda that included clean air legislation and deficit reduction.
- Five years ago the Supreme Court ruled that companies accused of
firing employees illegally could not escape liability by later
finding a lawful reason to justify the dismissal.
- One year ago in his visit to Mexico, Pope John Paul II urged his
flock in the Americas to make the region a "continent of life."
- Historian Joseph Nathan Kane is 101.
- Actress Jeanne Moreau is 72.
- Actress Chita Rivera is 67.
- Actor-director Lou Antonio is 66.
- Country singer Johnny Russell is 60.
- Actor Gil Gerard is 57.
- Actor Rutger Hauer is 56.
- Rhythm-and-blues singer Jerry Lawson (The Persuasions) is 56.
- Delaware Gov. Thomas R. Carper is 53.
- Singer Anita Pointer is 52.
- Actor Richard Dean Anderson is 50.
- Rock musician Bill Cunningham is 50.
- Rock singer-musician Patrick Simmons (The Doobie Brothers) is 50.
- Musician Danny Federici (Bruce Springsteen & E Street Band) is 50.
- Rock singer Robin Zander (Cheap Trick) is 47.
- Princess Caroline of Monaco is 43.
- Singer Anita Baker is 42.
- Actress Mariska Hargitay ("Law & Order: Special Victims Unit") is 36.
- Rhythm-and-blues singer Marc Nelson is 29.
- Actress Tiffani-Amber Thiessen is 26.
1639: The Connecticut colony was organized under Fundamental Orders.
- 1742: Charles VII, king of Germany, was elected emperor of the Holy
Roman Empire during the War of the Austrian Succession.
- 1848: James W. Marshall discovered a gold nugget at Sutter's Mill
in northern California, a discovery that led to the gold rush of
- 1899: Humphrey O'Sullivan patented the rubber heel.
- 1908: The first Boy Scout troop was organized in England by Sir
Robert Baden-Powell, a general in the British Army.
- 1922: Christian K. Nelson of Onawa, Iowa, patented the Eskimo Pie.
- 1924: The Russian city of St. Petersburg was renamed Leningrad in
honor of the late revolutionary leader.
- 1935: The first canned beer, "Krueger Cream Ale," was sold by the
Kruger Brewing Company in Richmond, Va.
- 1936: Benny Goodman and his orchestra recorded "Stompin' at the
Savoy" on Victor Records.
- 1947: The NFL revised its rules, adding a fifth official (back
judge) and allowing sudden death in playoffs.
- 1958: After warming to 100 million degrees, two light atoms were
bashed together to create a heavier atom, resulting in the first
man-made nuclear fusion.
- 1962: Jackie Robinson became the first black player elected to the
Baseball Hall of Fame. Also: The Beatles signed a management
contract with Brian Epstein.
- 1964: The 24th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution went into effect
and states voting rights could not be denied due to failure to pay
- 1965: Winston Churchill died in London at age 90.
- 1984: Apple Computer Inc. unveiled its Macintosh personal computer.
- 1989: Confessed serial killer Theodore Bundy was put to death in
Florida's electric chair for the 1978 kidnap-murder of 12-year-old
- Tatyana M. Ali, 20, actress, "Fresh Prince of Bel Air"
- Ernest Borgnine, 82, actor, "McHale's Navy," "Marty"
- Neil Diamond, 58, singer/musician
- Nastassia Kinski, 39, actress, "Cat People," "Father's Day"
- Matthew Lillard, 29, actor, "Scream"
- Aaron Neville, 58, singer/musician, the Neville Brothers
- Michael Ontkean, 53, actor, "Twin Peaks"
- Mary Lou Retton, 31, Olympic gymnast
- Oral Roberts, 81, evangelist
- Yakov Smirnoff, 48, Russian comedian
- Warren Zevon, 52, singer/musician
Today is Monday, Jan. 24, the 24th day of 2000. There are 342 days
left in the year.
- On Jan. 24, 1908, the first Boy Scout troop was organized, by Robert
Baden-Powell in England.
- In 1848, James Marshall discovered a gold nugget at Sutter's Mill in
California, a discovery that led to the gold rush of '49.
- In 1924, the Russian city of St. Petersburg was renamed Leningrad in
honor of the late revolutionary leader. It has since been renamed
- In 1942, a special court of inquiry into America's lack of
preparedness for the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor placed much of
the blame on Rear Adm. Husband Kimmel and Lt. Gen. Walter Short, the
Navy and Army commanders.
- In 1943, President Roosevelt and British Prime Minister Churchill
concluded a wartime conference in Casablanca, Morocco.
- In 1965, Winston Churchill died in London at age 90.
- In 1972, the Supreme Court struck down laws that denied welfare
benefits to people who had lived in a state for less than a year.
- In 1978, a nuclear-powered Soviet satellite plunged through Earth's
atmosphere and disintegrated, scattering radioactive debris over
parts of northern Canada.
- In 1989, confessed serial killer Ted Bundy was put to death in
Florida's electric chair.
- In 1993, retired Supreme Court Justice Thurgood Marshall died in
Bethesda, Md., at age 84.
- Ten years ago: The House voted 390-25 to override President Bush's
veto of legislation protecting Chinese students from deportation.
Bush prevailed in a Senate vote the next day.
- Five years ago: President Clinton appealed for common ground as he
delivered his second State of the Union address, this time before a
Republican-led Congress. The prosecution gave its opening statement
at the O.J. Simpson murder trial.
- One year ago: House prosecutors interviewed Monica Lewinsky, a move
that triggered fresh partisan convulsions in President Clinton's
impeachment trial. Olympic leaders recommended the expulsion of six
International Olympic Committee members in response to allegations
of payoffs by host cities in their successful bids for the 2000
Summer Games in Sydney and 2002 Winter Games in Salt Lake City.
- Actor Ernest Borgnine is 83.
- Evangelist Oral Roberts is 82.
- Actor Marvin Kaplan is 73.
- Cajun musician Doug Kershaw is 64.
- Singer-songwriter Ray Stevens is 61.
- Singer-songwriter Neil Diamond is 59.
- Singer Aaron Neville is 59.
- Actor Michael Ontkean is 54.
- Singer Warren Zevon is 53.
- Country singer-songwriter Becky Hobbs is 50.
- Comedian Yakov Smirnoff is 49.
- Actress Nastassja Kinski is 40.
- Country musician Keech Rainwater (Lonestar) is 37.
- Olympic gold-medal gymnast Mary Lou Retton is 32.
- R&B singer Pat "Sleepy" Brown (Society of Soul) is 30.
- Actress Tatyana Ali is 21.
1533: England's King Henry VIII secretly married his second wife,
- 1787: Shays' Rebellion suffered a setback when debt-ridden farmers,
led by Capt. Daniel Shays, failed to capture an arsenal at
- 1858: The wedding of Princess Victoria, eldest daughter of Queen
Victoria, was the first to incorporate Wagner's "Bridal Chorus" and
Mendelssohn's "Wedding March" into the ceremony.
- 1870: The soda fountain was patented by Gustavus Dows.
- 1890: The United Mine Workers of America was founded; reporter
Nellie Bly (Elizabeth Cochrane) of the New York World completed a
round-the-world journey in 72 days, 6 hours and 11 minutes.
- 1915: Alexander Graham Bell, inaugurated U.S. transcontinental phone
service with a call made between New York and San Francisco.
- 1924: The first Winter Olympics were held in Chamonix, France.
- 1937: NBC Radio presented the first broadcast of "The Guiding
Light." The program became the longest-running story line in daytime
- 1940: Nazis decreed the establishment of Jewish ghetto in Lodz,
- 1945: Grand Rapids, Mich., became the first U.S. community to
- 1947: American gangster Al Capone died in Miami Beach at age 48.
- 1955: Columbia University scientists developed an atomic clock
accurate to within one second in 300 years.
- 1961: President Kennedy held the first presidential news conference
carried live on radio and television.
- 1970: Robert Altman's "MASH," starring Donald Sutherland and Elliott
- 1971: Charles Manson and three female members of his "family" were
found guilty of one count of conspiracy to commit murder and seven
counts of murder in the first degree and were sentenced to life
- 1974: Dr. Christian Barnard transplanted the first human heart
without the removal of the old one.
- 1981: The 52 Americans held hostage by Iran for 444 days arrived in
the United States.
- 1989: In his fifth season, Michael Jordan scored his 10,000th point,
the second fastest NBA climb to that position behind Wilt
- 1993: Sears announced it would close its catalog sales department
after taking orders for 97 years.
- 1994: Accused of molesting a 13-year-old boy, Michael Jackson
settled a civil lawsuit out of court.
- Corazon "Cory" Aquino, 66, head of state, ex-Philippines leader
- Etta James, 61, singer
- Dean Jones, 68, actor, "The Love Bug"
- Dinah Manoff, 41, actress, "Empty Nest," "Soap"
- Edwin Newman, 80, newscaster/journalist
- Eduard Shevardnadze, 71, Georgian president
- Leigh Taylor-Young, 55, actress, "Peyton Place"
Today is Tuesday, Jan. 25, the 25th day of 2000. There are 341 days
left in the year.
- On Jan. 25, 1890, reporter Nellie Bly (Elizabeth Cochrane) of the
New York World received a tumultuous welcome home after she
completed a round-the-world journey in 72 days, 6 hours, 11 minutes.
- In 1533 England's King Henry VIII secretly married Anne Boleyn, who
later gave birth to Elizabeth I.
- In 1787 Shays' Rebellion suffered a setback when debt-ridden farmers
led by Capt. Daniel Shays failed to capture an arsenal at
- In 1890 the United Mine Workers of America was founded.
- In 1915 Alexander Graham Bell inaugurated U.S. transcontinental
- In 1946 the United Mine Workers rejoined the American Federation of
- In 1947 American gangster Al Capone died in Miami Beach, Fla., at
- In 1959 American Airlines opened the jet age in the U.S. with the
first scheduled transcontinental flight of a Boeing 707.
- In 1961 President Kennedy held the first presidential news
conference carried live on radio and television.
- In 1980 Finance Minister Abolhassan Bani-Sadr was elected president
- In 1981 the 52 Americans held hostage by Iran for 444 days arrived
in the U.S.
- Ten years ago an Avianca Boeing 707 ran out of fuel and crashed in
Cove Neck, N.Y.; 73 of the 161 people aboard were killed. Actress
Ava Gardner died in London at age 67.
- Five years ago the defense gave its opening statement in the O.J.
Simpson trial in Los Angeles, saying Simpson was the victim of a
"rush to judgment" by authorities who had mishandled evidence and
- One year ago the Supreme Court ruled, 5-4, that the 2000 census
could not use statistical sampling to enhance its accuracy. A
Louisville, Ky., man received the first hand transplant in the U.S.
Jury selection began in Jasper, Texas, in the trial of John William
King, charged in the dragging death of James Byrd Jr. A powerful
earthquake rocked Colombia, killing more than 1,000 people.
- Journalist-author Edwin Newman is 81.
- Georgian President Eduard Shevardnadze is 72.
- Actor Dean Jones is 69.
- Corazon Aquino, former Philippines president, is 67.
- Blues singer Etta James is 62.
- Movie director Tobe Hooper is 57.
- Actress Leigh Taylor-Young is 56.
- Actress Dinah Manoff is 42.
- Country musician Mike Burch (River Road) is 34.
- Rhythm-and-blues singer Kina Cosper (Brownstone) is 31.
- Actress China Kantner is 29.
1788: The first European settlers in Australia, led by Captain
Arthur Phillip, landed in present-day Sydney.
- 1802: Congress passed an act calling for a library to be established
within the U.S. Capitol.
- 1837: Michigan became the 26th state when President Jackson signed a
- 1838: The nation's first prohibition law against alcohol passed in
- 1841: Great Britain formally occupied Hong Kong, which was
proclaimed a sovereign territory of Britain.
- 1861: Louisiana became the sixth state to secede from the Union.
- 1863: The Secretary of War authorized the governor of Massachusetts
to recruit African American troops.
- 1870: The state of Virginia rejoined the Union.
- 1871: The first American income tax was repealed.
- 1875: The electric dental drill was patented by George F. Green.
- 1905: The world's largest diamond, the 3,106-carat Cullinan, was
- 1913: Jim Thorpe relinquished his 1912 Olympic medals when he
confessed in a letter to James E. Sullivan, chairman of the Amateur
Athletic Union, that he had played pro baseball in 1909 and 1910,
thereby disqualifying him from amateur competition.
- 1939: Principal photography began on "Gone With the Wind."
- 1950: India officially proclaimed itself a republic when Rajendra
Prasad took the oath of office as president.
- 1956: Buddy Holly's first formal recording session took place at
the Nashville studios of Decca.
- 1961: "Are You Lonesome Tonight?" by Elvis Presley peaked at No. 1
on the U.K. pop singles chart.
- 1986: Between the Super Bowl XX pregame show and the game, ABC
inserted 60 seconds of blank air time as an "intermission" for the
- 1988: The Andrew Lloyd Webber musical "Phantom of the Opera" opened
- 1992: The Americans with Disabilities Act went into effect.
- Anita Baker, 40, singer
- Ellen DeGeneres, 40, actress/comedienne
- Jules Feiffer, 69, editorial cartoonist, Village Voice
- Scott Glenn, 57, actor, "Silence of the Lambs"
- Wayne Gretzky, 38, NHL center, St. Louis Blues
- Eartha Kitt, 70, actress/songstress, Batman's Catwoman
- Paul Newman, 74, actor/racing enthusiast
- Gene Siskel, 53, film critic
- David Strathairn, 49, actor, "L.A. Confidential"
- Bob Uecker, 64, actor/baseball announcer
- Roger Vadim, 70, film director
- Eddie Van Halen, 44, guitarist
- Lucinda Williams, 46, singer
Today is Wednesday, Jan. 26, the 26th day of 2000. There are 340
days left in the year.
- On Jan. 26, 1950, India officially proclaimed itself a republic as
Rajendra Prasad took office as president.
- In 1788 the first European settlers in Australia, led by Capt.
Arthur Phillip, landed in present-day Sydney.
- In 1802 Congress passed an act calling for a library to be
established within the U.S. Capitol.
- In 1837 Michigan became the 26th state.
- In 1861 Louisiana seceded from the Union.
- In 1870 Virginia rejoined the Union.
- In 1911 the Richard Strauss opera "Der Rosenkavalier" premiered in
- In 1942 the first American expeditionary force in Europe during
World War II went ashore in Northern Ireland.
- In 1962 the U.S. launched Ranger III to land scientific instruments
on the moon; the probe missed its target by some 22,000 miles.
- In 1979 former Vice President Nelson A. Rockefeller died in New York
at age 70.
- In 1998 President Clinton forcefully denied having an affair with a
White House intern, telling reporters, "I did not have sexual
relations with that woman, Miss Lewinsky."
- Ten years ago attorneys for Manuel Noriega challenged the
jurisdiction of U.S. courts to try the deposed Panamanian leader on
drug-trafficking charges, and said Noriega should be declared a
prisoner of war.
- Five years ago a little more than three weeks after Republicans took
control of Congress, the House endorsed a balanced-budget amendment
to the Constitution designed to eliminate chronic federal deficits.
- One year ago President Clinton welcomed a frail Pope John Paul II in
St. Louis as the pontiff began his seventh pilgrimage to the U.S.
King Hussein turned over temporary operation of Jordan to his eldest
son and returned to the U.S. for urgent medical care.
- Actress Anne Jeffreys is 77.
- Actor Paul Newman is 75.
- Movie director Roger Vadim is 72.
- Cartoonist Jules Feiffer is 71.
- Sportscaster-actor Bob Uecker is 65.
- Actor Scott Glenn is 58.
- Singer Jean Knight is 57.
- Activist Angela Davis is 56.
- Actor David Strathairn is 51.
- Singer Lucinda Williams is 47.
- Rock singer-musician Eddie Van Halen is 43.
- Actress-comedian Ellen DeGeneres is 42.
- Hockey star Wayne Gretzky is 39.
- Musician Andrew Ridgeley is 37.
- Rhythm-and-blues singer Jazzie B. (Soul II Soul) is 37.
- Gospel singer Kirk Franklin is 30.
1756: Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart was born in Salzburg, Austria.
- 1785: The oldest state university in America, the University of
Georgia, was chartered in Athens.
- 1832: Charles Lutwidge Dodgson, who wrote "Alice's Adventures in
Wonderland" under the pen name Lewis Carroll, was born in Cheshire,
- 1870: Kappa Alpha Theta, the first American Greek letter sorority,
was founded at DePauw University.
- 1880: Thomas Edison received a patent for his electric incandescent
- 1888: The National Geographic Society was founded in Washington,
- 1918: "Tarzan of the Apes," the first Tarzan film, premiered at the
- 1926: John Logie Baird of Scotland demonstrated the first television
set, the iconoscope, a mechanical scanning system.
- 1943: The first all-American air raid against Germany during World
War II took place as some 50 bombers struck Wilhelmshaven.
- 1944: The Soviet Union announced the end of the German siege of
- 1945: Soviet troops liberated the Nazi concentration camps Auschwitz
and Birkenau in Poland.
- 1951: Atomic testing in the Nevada desert began when an Air Force
plane dropped a 1-kiloton bomb on Frenchman Flats.
- 1967: A flash fire during an evening practice session claimed the
lives of Apollo I astronauts Virgil "Gus" Grissom, Edward White, and
- 1970: The movie rating system was modified. The "M" rating was
replaced by "PG," calling for parental guidance and the "R" and "X"
ratings were added.
- 1973: The Vietnam peace accords were signed in Paris, formally
bringing to an end the longest foreign war in U.S. history.
- 1984: Wayne Gretzky set a National Hockey League record for
consecutive game scoring when his streak ended at 51 games. Gretzky
collected 153 points - 61 goals and 92 assists - during the run.
- 1986: L. Ron Hubbard, novelist and founder of the Church of
Scientology, died at age 74.
- 1988: The Senate Judiciary Committee unanimously approved the
nomination of Judge Anthony M. Kennedy to the U.S. Supreme Court.
- 1991: Nadine Strossen became the first female president of the ACLU.
- 1992: Democratic presidential candidate Bill Clinton and Arkansas
resident Gennifer Flowers accused each other of lying in a renewed
dispute over her assertion that they had a 12-year affair.
- Mikhail Baryshnikov, 51, ballet star
- Chris Collinsworth, 40, NFL wide receiver, TV sportscaster
- James Cromwell, 57, actor, "Babe," "Star Trek: Generations"
- Troy Donahue, 63, actor
- Bridget Fonda, 35, actress, "Jackie Brown"
- Jonny Lang, 18, blues musician
- Tracy Lawrence, 31, country singer/musician
- Nick Mason, 55, drummer for Pink Floyd
- Keith Olbermann, 40, TV commentator
- Mimi Rogers, 44, actress, "Austin Powers"
- Margo Timmins, 38, singer, Cowboy Junkies
Today is Thursday, Jan. 27, the 27th day of 2000. There are 339 days
left in the year.
- On Jan. 27, 1756, composer Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart was born in
- In 1832 Charles Lutwidge Dodgson, who wrote "Alice's Adventures in
Wonderland" under the pen name Lewis Carroll, was born in Cheshire,
- In 1880 Thomas Edison received a patent for his electric
- In 1944 the Soviet Union announced the end of the deadly German
siege of Leningrad, which had lasted for more than two years.
- In 1945 Soviet troops liberated the Nazi concentration camps
Auschwitz and Birkenau in Poland.
- In 1951 an era of atomic testing in the Nevada desert began as an
Air Force plane dropped a one-kiloton bomb on Frenchman Flats.
- In 1967 astronauts Virgil I. "Gus" Grissom, Edward H. White and Roger
B. Chaffee died in a flash fire during a test aboard their Apollo I
spacecraft at Cape Kennedy, Fla. More than 60 nations signed a
treaty banning the orbiting of nuclear weapons.
- In 1973 the Vietnam peace accords were signed in Paris.
- In 1977 the Vatican reaffirmed the Roman Catholic Church ban on
- In 1981 President Reagan greeted the 52 former American hostages
released by Iran.
- Ten years ago in Romania, four top associates of executed dictator
Nicolae Ceausescu went on trial, charged with abetting genocide.
- Five years ago about 5,000 mourners gathered at the site of the Nazi
death camp Auschwitz to commemorate the 50th anniversary of its
- One year ago the Republican-controlled Senate blocked dismissal of
the impeachment case against President Clinton and voted for new
testimony from Monica Lewinsky and two other witnesses.
- Musical conductor Skitch Henderson is 82.
- Singer Bobby "Blue" Bland is 70.
- Actor Troy Donahue is 64.
- Actor James Cromwell is 60.
- Rock musician Nick Mason (Pink Floyd) is 55.
- Rhythm-and-blues singer Nedra Talley (The Ronettes) is 54.
- Ballet star Mikhail Baryshnikov is 52.
- Country singer Cheryl White is 45.
- Singer-musician Richard Young (The Kentucky Headhunters) is 45.
- Actress Mimi Rogers is 44.
- Rock singer Margo Timmons (Cowboy Junkies) is 39.
- Rock musician Gillian Gilbert (New Order) is 39.
- Actress Bridget Fonda is 36.
- Country singer Tracy Lawrence is 32.
- Rock singer Mike Patton is 32.
- Rock musician Mark Trojanowski (Sister Hazel) is 30.
1547: King Henry VIII of England died at 55 and was succeeded by
his 9-year-old son, Edward VI.
- 1807: London's Pall Mall became the first street lit by gaslight.
- 1851: Northwestern University was chartered in Evanston, Ill., as
North Western University.
- 1858: John Brown organized the raid on the arsenal at Harper's
- 1878: The first daily college newspaper, the "Yale News," began
publication in New Haven, Conn.
- 1902: The Carnegie Institute was established in Washington, D.C.
- 1904: The first college sports letters were given out. Seniors who
played on the University of Chicago's football team were awarded
blankets with the letter "C" on them.
- 1914: The town of Beverly Hills, Calif., was incorporated.
- 1915: The Coast Guard was created by an act of Congress.
- 1916: Louis D. Brandeis was appointed by President Woodrow Wilson
to the U.S. Supreme Court, becoming its first Jewish member.
- 1922: The American Pro Football Association was renamed the
National Football League.
- 1932: The first U.S. state unemployment insurance act was enacted
- 1934: The first rope ski tow went into operation in Woodstock, Vt.
- 1935: Iceland became the first country to legalize abortion.
- 1951: "La Vie Commence Demain," which depicted artificial
insemination and was the first X-rated movie, opened in London.
- 1958: Brooklyn Dodger catcher Roy Campanella's career ended when he
lost control of his car on a slick highway. He became a parapalegic
and was confined to a wheelchair the remainder of his life.
- 1965: The Who made their first appearance on British TV's celebrated
"Ready Steady Go" show.
- 1978: "Fantasy Island," starring Ricardo Montalban and Herve
Villechaize, debuted on ABC.
- 1985: A host of pop and rock stars assembled in a Los Angeles
studio to record the song "We Are The World" following the American
- 1986: The space shuttle Challenger exploded 73 seconds after
liftoff from Cape Canaveral, killing all seven crew members. The
cause was later found to be failure of a booster rocket O-rings
because of the cold weather.
- Alan Alda, 63, actor, "M*A*S*H"
- Barbi Benton, 49, actress/singer, "Hee Haw"
- Nick Carter, 19, singer, Backstreet Boys
- Harley Jane Kozak, 42, actress, "Parenthood"
- Sarah McLachlan, 31, folk singer
- Sam Phillips, 37, singer/actress, "Die Hard with a Vengeance"
- Nick Price, 42, golfer
- Susan Sontag, 66, novelist
- Elijah Wood, 18, actor, "The Ice Storm"
Today is Friday, Jan. 28, the 28th day of 2000. There are 338
days left in the year.
- On Jan. 28, 1986, the space shuttle Challenger exploded 73
seconds after liftoff from Cape Canaveral, killing all seven
crew members aboard.
- In 1547, England's King Henry VIII died; he was succeeded by
his 9-year-old son, Edward VI.
- In 1596, English navigator Sir Francis Drake died off the coast
of Panama and was buried at sea.
- In 1853, Cuban revolutionary Jose Marti was born in Havana.
- In 1902, the Carnegie Institute was established in Washington,
- In 1909, the United States ended direct control over Cuba.
- In 1915, the Coast Guard was created by an act of Congress.
- In 1916, Louis D. Brandeis was appointed by President Wilson to
the Supreme Court, becoming its first Jewish member.
- In 1945, during World War II, Allied supplies began reaching
China over the newly reopened Burma Road.
- In 1980, six U.S. diplomats who had avoided being taken hostage
at their embassy in Tehran flew out of Iran with the help of
- In 1982, Italian anti-terrorism forces rescued Army Brig. Gen.
James L. Dozier, 42 days after he had been kidnapped by the Red
- Ten years ago: The San Francisco 49ers routed the Denver
Broncos, 55-10, in the 24th Super Bowl.
- Five years ago: President Clinton was host to a 5 1/2-hour
"work session" of governors, legislators and local officials,
both Democrats and Republicans, to discuss welfare reform.
- One year ago: Ford Motor Co. announced it was buying the Volvo
car division in a $6.45 billion deal. Missouri Gov. Mel
Carnahan honored a personal request for mercy from Pope John
Paul II, sparing triple murderer Darrell Mease from execution.
- Musician-composer Acker Bilk is 71.
- Author Susan Sontag is 67.
- Actor Nicholas Pryor is 65.
- Actor Alan Alda is 64.
- Actress Marthe Keller is 55.
- Actress-singer Barbi Benton is 50.
- Rock musician Dave Sharp is 41.
- Rock singer Sam Phillips is 38.
- Country musician Greg Cook (Ricochet) is 35.
- Singer Sarah McLachlan is 32.
- Rapper Rakim is 32.
- DJ Muggs (Cypress Hill) is 32.
- Singer Joey Fatone Jr. ('N Sync) is 23.
- Singer Nick Carter (Backstreet Boys) is 20.
- Actor Elijah Wood is 19.
1776: George Washington designed the first U.S. flag with thirteen
red and white stripes and a Union Jack in the corner.
- 1788: Georgia became the fourth U.S. state to be admitted to the
- 1811: U.S. Sen. Thomas Pickering became the first senator to be
censured when he revealed confidential documents communicated by
the president of the United States.
- 1839: French pioneering photographer Louis Daguerre took the first
photograph of the moon.
- 1870: Construction of the Brooklyn Bridge began.
- 1890: Alice Sanger became the first female White House staffer.
- 1900: A company set up by Emile Verlinger, the inventor of the
Gramophone, began manufacturing 7-inch, single-sided records in
- 1903: President Theodore Roosevelt shut down the post office in
Indianola, Miss., for refusing to accept its appointed postmistress
because she was black.
- 1910: The first junior high school in the U.S. opened in Berkeley,
- 1913: The National Woman's Party was formed to take direct action
in earning women the right to vote.
- 1921: Religious services were broadcast on radio for the first time
as KDKA in Pittsburgh aired the regular Sunday service of the
city's Calvary Episcopal Church.
- 1929: The United States and Canada reached agreement on joint
action to preserve Niagara Falls.
- 1935: Bruno Richard Hauptmann went on trial in Flemington, N.J., on
charges of kidnapping and murdering the infant son of aviator
Charles A. Lindbergh and his wife, Anne.
- 1938: Book publisher Simon and Schuster was founded.
- 1942: The Japanese captured the Philippines capital of Manila and
the nearby air base at Cavite.
- 1959: The first lunar space shot to escape the Earth's gravitational
pull, the unmanned Luna I, was launched by the Soviet Union. It
passed to within 4,600 miles of the moon before moving on to a
- 1960: Sen. John F. Kennedy of Massachusetts announced his
candidacy for the Democratic presidential nomination.
- 1965: Martin Luther King Jr. began a drive to register black voters.
- 1971: A barrier collapsed at Ibrox Park football ground at the end
of a soccer match in Glasgow, Scotland, killing 66 people.
- 1979: The Sid Vicious murder trial opened in New York. Vicious was
formally accused of the murder of his girlfriend, Nancy Spungen, in
their Greenwich Village apartment.
- 1983: The musical play "Annie," based on the "Little Orphan Annie"
comic strip, closed on Broadway after 2,377 performances. Gary
Trudeau took a 20-month break from writing his comic strip
- 1984: W. Wilson Goode, the son of a sharecropper, was sworn in as
Philadelphia's first black mayor.
- 1995: The most distant galaxy yet discovered was found by
scientists using the Keck telescope in Hawaii. It was estimated to
be 15 billion light years away.
- Jim Bakker, 60, evangelist
- Tia Carrere, 32, actress, "Wayne's World"
- Gabrielle Carteris, 38, actress, "Beverly Hills 90210"
- David Cone, 36, MLB Pitcher
- Cuba Gooding Jr., 31, actor, "Jerry Maguire"
- Wendy Phillips, 47, actress, "Promised Land"
- Christy Turlington, 30, model
- Pernell Whitaker, 35, boxer, Olympic gold medalist
Today is Saturday, Jan. 29, the 29th day of 2000. There are 337 days
left in the year.
- On Jan. 29, 1900, the American League, consisting of eight baseball
teams, was organized in Philadelphia.
- In 1820 Britain's King George III died, insane, at Windsor Castle,
ending a reign that had seen both the American and French
- In 1843 William McKinley, the 25th president, was born in Niles,
- In 1845 Edgar Allan Poe's poem "The Raven" was first published in
the New York Evening Mirror.
- In 1850 Henry Clay introduced in the Senate a compromise bill on
slavery which included admitting California to the Union as a free
- In 1861 Kansas became the 34th state of the Union.
- In 1936 the first members of baseball's Hall of Fame, including Ty
Cobb and Babe Ruth, were named in Cooperstown, N.Y.
- In 1958 actors Paul Newman and Joanne Woodward were married.
- In 1963 the first members of football's Hall of Fame were named in
Canton, Ohio. Poet Robert Frost died in Boston.
- In 1979 President Carter formally welcomed Chinese Vice Premier Deng
Xiaoping to the White House, following the establishment of
- Ten years ago former Exxon Valdez skipper Joseph Hazelwood went on
trial in Anchorage, Alaska, on charges stemming from the nation's
worst oil spill; Hazelwood later was acquitted of the major charges
and convicted of a misdemeanor.
- Five years ago the San Francisco 49ers became the first team in NFL
history to win five Super Bowl titles, beating the San Diego
- One year ago the Senate delivered subpoenas for Monica Lewinsky and
two presidential advisers for private, videotaped testimony in the
impeachment trial. Attorney General Janet Reno rejected a special
prosecutor investigation of Harold Ickes, saying there was clear and
convincing evidence that the former White House aide did not intend
to lie to a Senate committee looking into campaign finances.
- Comedian "Professor" Irwin Corey is 88.
- Actor John Forsythe is 82.
- Actor Noel Harrison is 66.
- Author Germaine Greer is 61.
- Actor Tom Selleck is 55.
- Actor Marc Singer is 52.
- Actress Ann Jillian is 49.
- Rock musician Louie Perez (Los Lobos) is 47.
- Talk show host Oprah Winfrey is 46.
- Country singer Irlene Mandrell is 43.
- Actress Judy Norton Taylor ("The Waltons") is 42.
- Rock musician Johnny Spampinato (NRBQ) is 41.
- Olympic gold-medal diver Greg Louganis is 40.
- Rock musician Eddie Jackson (Queensryche) is 39.
- Actor Nicholas Turturro is 38.
- Rock singer-musician Roddy Frame (Aztec Camera) is 36.
- Actor-director Edward Burns is 32.
- Actress Heather Graham is 30.
- Actress Sara Gilbert is 25.
- Actor Andrew Keegan is 21.
- Blues musician Jonny Lang is 19.
1649: King Charles I was beheaded in London for treason.
- 1790: The first purpose-built lifeboat, The Original, was launched
on the River Tyne in England.
- 1815: The United States purchased Thomas Jefferson's library as the
nucleus of the Library of Congress.
- 1835: President Andrew Jackson survived the first ever assassination
attempt on a U.S. president.
- 1862: The U.S. Navy's first ironclad warship, the Monitor, was
- 1882: Franklin D. Roosevelt, 32nd president of the United States
(1933-45), was born.
- 1931: Charlie Chaplin's "City Lights" premiered at the Los Angeles
- 1933: German President Paul von Hindenburg appointed Adolf Hitler
chancellor. Also: "The Lone Ranger" began its 21-year run on radio.
- 1937: Thirteen leading Communists were sentenced to death for
participating in a plot, allegedly led by Leon Trotsky, to overthrow
the Soviet regime and assassinate its leaders.
- 1939: Adolf Hitler called for the extermination of European Jews.
- 1948: Indian political and spiritual leader Mahatma Ghandi, who had
led his nation to independence from British rule through his
philosophy of nonviolent confrontation, was murdered by a Hindu
extremist in New Delhi, India. Also: The fifth Winter Olympic games
opened in St. Moritz, Switzerland.
- 1961: Bobby Darin became the youngest performer to headline a
television special on NBC.
- 1962: Two members of the Flying Wallendas' high-wire act were
killed when their seven-person pyramid collapsed during a
performance in Detroit.
- 1968: Viet Cong guerrillas and North Vietnamese soldiers launched
the Tet (New Year) offensive, targeting more than 100 towns and
cities in South Vietnam. In Saigon, they invaded the grounds of the
- 1972: British soldiers shot dead 13 people in a banned Catholic
civil rights march in Londonderry, Northern Ireland, in a clash
known as "Bloody Sunday."
- 1973: G. Gordon Liddy and James McCord were convicted of burglary,
wire-tapping and attempted bugging of the Democratic headquarters
at the Watergate building. Also: KISS played their first show, at
the Coventry Club in Queens, N.Y.
- 1979: In a referendum, white Rhodesians vote by a majority of 85%
in favor of a new constitution aimed at black majority rule.
- 1992: Argentina opened the files on scores of Nazis who fled to
South America after World War II, a move Jewish leaders said would
help the hunt for war criminals.
- 1994: The U.S. granted Sinn Fein president Gerry Adams a visa to
attend a New York conference on Northern Ireland.
- Christian Bale, 25, actor, "Little Women," "Empire Of The Sun"
- Marty Balin, 57, singer/musician, Jefferson Airplane
- Brett Butler, 41, actress/comedienne, "Grace Under Fire"
- Phil Collins, 48, singer/musician
- Charles S. Dutton, 48, actor, "Roc"
- Gene Hackman, 69, actor
- Davey Johnson, 56, ex-MLB player, manager L.A. Dodgers
- Dorothy Malone, 74, actress
- Vanessa Redgrave, 62, actress
- Curtis Strange, 44, golfer
- Jody Watley, 40, singer
Today is Sunday, Jan. 30, the 30th day of 2000. There are 336 days
left in the year.
- On Jan. 30, 1968, during the Vietnam War, the Tet Offensive began
with a surprise attack by Communist forces on South Vietnamese
- In 1649 England's King Charles I was beheaded.
- In 1798 a brawl broke out in the House of Representatives in
Philadelphia, as Matthew Lyon of Vermont spat in the face of Roger
Griswold of Connecticut.
- In 1882 the 32nd president of the U.S., Franklin Delano Roosevelt,
was born in Hyde Park, N.Y.
- In 1933 Adolf Hitler became chancellor of Germany. The first episode
of the "Lone Ranger" radio program was broadcast on WXYZ in Detroit.
- In 1948 Indian political and spiritual leader Mahatma Gandhi was
murdered by a Hindu extremist.
- In 1962 two members of the "Flying Wallendas" high-wire act were
killed when their seven-person pyramid collapsed during a
performance in Detroit.
- In 1964 the U.S. launched Ranger 6, an unmanned spacecraft carrying
television cameras that was to crash-land on the moon.
- In 1972 13 Roman Catholic civil rights marchers were shot to death
by British soldiers in Northern Ireland on what became known as
- In 1979 the civilian government of Iran announced it had decided to
allow Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini to return from exile in France.
- Ten years ago a federal judge ordered former President Reagan to
provide excerpts of his personal diaries to John M. Poindexter for
the former national security adviser's Iran-Contra trial. (The judge
later reversed himself, deciding the material was not essential.)
- Five years ago at least 42 people were killed and nearly 300 wounded
when a car bomb blamed on Muslim insurgents exploded in downtown
Algiers. The Smithsonian Institution abandoned plans for a major
exhibit on the atomic bombing of Hiroshima, yielding to critics who
charged the exhibit would have portrayed America as the aggressor
and Japan as the victim in World War II.
- One year ago NATO authorized its secretary general to launch
military action in Yugoslavia if the warring parties failed to
negotiate an agreement for autonomy in Kosovo.
- Comedian Dick Martin is 78.
- Actress Dorothy Malone is 75.
- Producer-director Harold Prince is 72.
- Actor Gene Hackman is 70.
- Actress Tammy Grimes is 66.
- Actress Vanessa Redgrave is 63.
- Country singer Jeanne Pruett is 63.
- Country singer Norma Jean is 62.
- Former Defense Secretary Dick Cheney is 59.
- Rock singer Marty Balin is 58.
- Rhythm-and-blues musician William King (The Commodores) is 51.
- Actor Charles S. Dutton is 49.
- Actress-comedian Brett Butler is 42.
- Singer Jody Watley is 41.
- Actor Christian Bale is 26.
1797: Composer Franz Schubert was born in Vienna, Austria.
- 1851: Gail Borden announced the invention of evaporated milk.
- 1865: Congress approved the Thirteenth Amendment to the
Constitution, abolishing slavery. Also: Gen. Robert E. Lee was named
commander-in-chief of the Confederate armies.
- 1874: Jesse James and his gang robbed a train near Gadshill, Mich.
He then handed the engineer a press release describing the robbery.
- 1917: Germany served notice that it was beginning a policy of
unrestricted submarine warfare.
- 1928: Scotch tape was first marketed by 3M Company.
- 1936: "The Green Hornet" radio show was first heard on WXYZ Radio
- 1944: Operation Overlord (the invasion of Europe known later as
D-Day) was postponed until June. Also: U.S. forces began invading
Kwajalein Atoll and other parts of the Japanese-held Marshall
- 1945: Pvt. Eddie Slovik became the only American soldier since
the Civil War to be executed for desertion. He was shot by an
American firing squad in France.
- 1949: "These Are My Children," the first TV daytime soap opera, was
broadcast from the NBC station in Chicago.
- 1950: President Harry S. Truman announced he had ordered development
of the hydrogen bomb.
- 1958: The United States entered the Space Age with its first
successful launch of a satellite from Cape Canaveral into orbit, the
Explorer I, from Cape Canaveral, Fla.
- 1961: Ham the chimp became the first animal sent into space by the
United States in a test of the Mercury/Redstone 2 space capsule,
158 miles above the earth.
- 1969: The Beatles performed their last live gig together with an
impromptu 42-minute concert on the roof of their Apple headquarters
- 1971: Astronauts Alan B. Shepard Jr., Edgar D. Mitchell and Stuart
A. Roosa blasted off aboard Apollo 14 on a mission to the moon.
- 1984: Edwin Newman retired from NBC News after 35 years with the
- 1986: Mary Lund of Kensington, Minn., became the first female
recipient of an artificial heart.
- 1990: McDonald's Corporation opened its first fast-food restaurant
- 1992: Trans World Airlines Inc. (TWA) filed for bankruptcy
- 1994: German luxury car-maker BMW announced the purchase of Rover
from British Aerospace, ending nearly a century of independent mass
car production in Britain.
- 1998: Chinese authorities paroled veteran dissident Zhang Xiaoxu,
jailed for 15 years for his role in 1989 demonstrations.
- Ernie Banks, 68, Chicago Cubs' Hall of Fame shortstop/first baseman
- Carol Channing, 76, actress/comedienne
- Lloyd Cole, 38, singer/musician
- Minnie Driver, 28, actress, "Good Will Hunting"
- Richard Gephardt, 58, House Democratic Leader
- Philip Glass, 62, composer
- Anthony LaPaglia, 40, actor, "Murder One"
- John Lydon, 43, a.k.a. Johnny Rotten, singer, The Sex Pistols/PIL
- Kelly Lynch, 40, actress, "Drugstore Cowboy"
- Norman Mailer, 76, novelist
- Suzanne Pleshette, 62, actress, "The Bob Newhart Show"
- Nolan Ryan, 52, MLB Hall of Fame Pitcher, All-time strikeout
- Jessica Walter, 55, actress, "Play Misty for Me"
Today is Monday, Jan. 31, the 31st day of 2000. There are 335 days
left in the year.
- On Jan. 31, 1950, President Truman announced he had ordered
development of the hydrogen bomb.
- In 1606 Guy Fawkes was executed for his part in the "Gunpowder Plot"
against the English Parliament and King James I.
- In 1797 composer Franz Schubert was born in Vienna.
- In 1865 Gen. Robert E. Lee was named General-in-Chief of all the
- In 1917 Germany served notice it was beginning a policy of
unrestricted submarine warfare.
- In 1934 President Roosevelt devalued the dollar in relation to gold.
- In 1944 during World War II, U.S. forces began invading Kwajalein
Atoll and other parts of the Japanese-held Marshall Islands.
- In 1949, the first TV daytime soap opera, "These Are My Children,"
was broadcast from the NBC station in Chicago.
- In 1958 the U.S. entered the Space Age with its first successful
launch of a satellite into orbit, Explorer 1.
- In 1971 astronauts Alan B. Shepard Jr., Edgar D. Mitchell and Stuart
A. Roosa blasted off aboard Apollo 14 on a mission to the moon.
- In 1987 discount airline pioneer People Express flew its last flights
before merging into Continental Airlines.
- Ten years ago McDonald's Corp. opened its first fast-food restaurant
- Five years ago President Clinton scrapped a $40 billion rescue plan
for Mexico, announcing instead that he would act unilaterally to
provide Mexico with $20 billion from a fund normally used to defend
the U.S. dollar. Legendary Broadway producer-director George Abbott
died in Miami Beach, Florida, at age 107.
- One year ago the Denver Broncos repeated as NFL champions, defeating
the Atlanta Falcons 34-19 in Super Bowl XXXIII. Researchers from the
University of Alabama at Birmingham presented what they called
convincing proof that the AIDS virus originated in chimpanzees and
spread to people in Africa.
- Actor John Agar is 79.
- Author Norman Mailer is 77.
- Actress Jean Simmons is 71.
- Baseball Hall-of-Famer Ernie Banks is 69.
- Composer Philip Glass is 63.
- Actress Suzanne Pleshette is 63.
- Actor Stuart Margolin is 60.
- House Minority Leader Richard A. Gephardt, D-Mo., is 59.
- Baseball Hall-of-Famer Nolan Ryan is 53.
- Singer Phil Collins is 49.
- Singer-musician KC (KC and the Sunshine Band) is 49.
- Rock singer Johnny Rotten is 44.
- Actress Kelly Lynch is 41.
- Actor Anthony LaPaglia is 41.
- Singer-musician Lloyd Cole is 39.
- Actor John Dye is 37.
- Rock musician Al Jaworski (Jesus Jones) is 34.
- Actress Minnie Driver is 29.
- Actress Portia de Rossi is 27.
- Singer Justin Timberlake ('N Sync) is 19.